Razing and raising of monuments, collective memory and national identity
Through the lens of semiotic landscapes, I analyse here collective memory formation in the Baltic republic of Lithuania. A theoretical focus on power relation in “monumental politics”, the concept of memoryscape (Clack, 2011), Van Gennep’s 2004 sociological application of liminality, and a methodological approach that “treats space as a discursive as well as physical formation” (Jaworski & Thurlow, 2010) are combined to examine the process of monument destruction, creation, and alteration in post-Soviet Vilnius. I argue that cultural landscapes represent not only relationships of power within societies but are also used as a tool of nation-building and power legitimation. I highlight a fourfold process: (1) razing – monumental landscape cleansing; (2) raising – the return of memory via the creation of national historical continuity symbols and of new lieux de mémoire (Nora, 1996) and the memorization complex (Train, 2016); (3) polyphonic memorial narratives of empty spaces; and (4) the memory limbo helix or recursive memories.
Published online: 12 November 2019
Ashworth, G. J., Tunbridge, J. E.
Code of Administrative Offences of the Republic of Lithuania
(2008) Retrieved from http://europam.eu/?module=legislation&country=Lithuania
Cosgrove, D. E.
Cosgrove, D. E. & Daniels, S.
Drėmaitė, M.[ p. 278 ]
(2017) 1990–2000: The Architecture of Freedom. [Reserach Project]. Retrieved September 10, 2018, from http://www.mmcentras.lt/cultural-history/cultural-history/architecture/19902000-the-architecture-of-freedom/19902000-the-architecture-of-freedom/79050
Foote, K., Tóth, S., Arvay, A.
Forest, B. & Johnson, J.
Forest, B., Johnson, J. and Till, K.
Haggrén, H., Rainio-Niemi, J. & Vauhkonen, J.
Jaworski, A., Thurlow, C.
Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija
(1992) Retrieved March 10, 2018, from http://www3.lrs.lt/home/Konstitucija/Konstitucija.htm
Lithuania’s Cunning Approach to Removing the Soviet Past
(2015) Retrieved from http://sputniknews.com/europe/20150718/1024788166.html
(2018) Linguistic, Ethnic and Cultural Tensions in the Sociolinguistic Landscape of Vilnius: a Diachronic Analysis. In Pűtz, M., Mundt, N. Expanding the Linguistic Landscape. Linguistic Diversity. Multimodality and the Use of Space as a Semiotic Resource (pp.229–263). Bristol, Buffalo, Toronto: Multilingual Matters.
[ p. 279 ]
Pavlenko, A., & Mullen, A.
Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic Decree on Language
(1989) Retrieved March 10, 2018, from https://www.uta.edu/cpsees/lithlang2.htm
Republic of Lithuania Law on the State Language
(1995) Retrieved March 10, 2018, from http://www3.lrs.lt/docs2/NCYKNNN.PDF
(2016) The Genius Loci, Public Spaces and Transformations of Vilnius’ Urban Milieu. Lithuanus, 62(1). Retrieved from http://www.lituanus.org/2016/16_1_03Samalavicius.html
Scollon, R., Scollon, S. W.
Shohamy, E. and Waksman, S.
Shohamy, E., Waksman, S.
The Road of Freedom
(2010) Retrieved October 15, 2018, from http://www.vilnius-tourism.lt/en/what-to-see/places-to-visit/places-of-interest/the-road-of-freedom/
Train, R. W.
(2017) Vilnius Central Square Monument Contest Winner Says Sculpture is “Dead.” Delfi. Retrieved from www.en.delfi.lt
Volkova, E.[ p. 280 ]
(2013) Litovskih nacionalistov oskorbila kolbasa [Lithuanian nationalists were offended by sausages] Russian World. Retrieved from http://wwwrusskiymir.ru/news/46871/
(2013) Double masted flag – a new type of monument in Vilnius. Retrieved November 10, 2018, from http://www.truelithuania.com
Cited by 2 other publications
Tomaszewicz, Agnieszka & Joanna Majczyk
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 17 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.