Article published In:
Language Problems and Language Planning
Vol. 42:1 (2018) ► pp.1644
Angdembe, T. M.
(2013) Saving endangered languages via unnatural selection and utility theory. Contributions to Nepalese Studies, 391, 35–68.Google Scholar
Awasthi, L. D.
(2004) Exploring monolingual school practices in multilingual Nepal. Ph.D. thesis, Danmarks Paedagogiske Universitet/Danish University of Education.Google Scholar
Belbase, S., Chandra, L., & Taylor, P.
(2008) Autoethnography: A method of research and teaching for transformative education. Journal of Education and Research, 1(1), 86–95.Google Scholar
Centre for Research Education [CRED]
(2005) Mother tongue intervention at primary level, at [URL] (2 April 2006).
Creswell, J.
(2014) Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). Los Angeles: Sage.Google Scholar
Davis, K., & Phyak, P.
(2015) In the face of neoliberal adversity: Engaging language education policy and practices. L2 Journal, 7(3), 146–166. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dhakal, D., Hildebrandt, K., & Krim, J.
(2016) Gyalsumdo: A community-based dictionary. Kirtipur, Nepal: Centre for Nepal and Asian Studies.Google Scholar
Dewan, S.
(2016) Opportunities and challenges. My Republica, at [URL] (21 February 2016).
Dunbar, R., & Skutnabb-Kangas, T.
(2008) Forms of education of indigenous children as crimes against humanity? Expert paper written for the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (PFII). New York: PFII. [URL]. Accessed Apr 11, 2017.
Eagle, S.
(1999) The language situation in Nepal. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 20(4–5), 272–327. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Fishman, J.
(2006) Language policy and language shift. In T. Rincento (Ed.), An introduction to language policy: Theory and method (pp. 311–328). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
(Ed.) (2001) Can threatened languages be saved? Clevedon, U.K.: Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gajurel, D.
(2015) Socio-economic impacts of labor migration in Nepal. Nepal Polity Blog, at [URL]. Accessed Apr 11, 2017.
Hildebrandt, K., Dhakal, D., Bond, O., Vallejo, M., & Fyffe, A.
(2015) A sociolinguistic survey of the languages of Manang, Nepal: Co-existence and endangerment. NFDIN Journal, 14(6), 104–122.Google Scholar
Hildebrandt, K., & Hu, S.
(2017) Areal analysis of language attitudes and practices: A case study from Nepal. Language Documentation and Conservation, 131, 152–179.Google Scholar
Hangen, S.
(2009) The rise of ethnic politics in Nepal: Democracy in the margins. London: Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hough, D., Ram, B., Thapa, M., & Yonjan-Tamang, A.
(2009) Privileging indigenous knowledges: Empowering multilingual education in Nepal. In T. Skutnabb-Kangas, R. Phillipson, A. Monhanty, and M. Bristol (Eds.), Social justice through multilingual education (pp. 159–176). Bristol, UK.: Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kamat, R.
(2016) Language commission formed: lav dev awasthi, regional administrator of central region, to be its chairperson. The Himalayan, at [URL] (7 April 2017).
Kansakar, T., Yadava, Y., Chalise, K., Balaram, P., Dhakal, P., & Paudel, K.
(2011) A sociolinguistic study of the baram language. Himalayan Linguistics, 10(1), 187–226.Google Scholar
Kukuczka, A.
(2011) Negotiating ethnic identity in the Himalaya: The Tamang of Nepal. Südasian-Chronik (South Asia-Chronicle), 11, 393–437, at [URL] (2 April 2006) Accessed Apr 11, 2017.
Language vitality and endangerment
(2003) UNESCO Ad Hoc Expert Group on Endangered Languages, at [URL] (2 April 2006) Accessed Apr 11, 2017.
Lewis, P., & Simons, G.
(2010) Assessing endangerment: Expanding Fishman’s GIDS. Revue Roumaine de Linguistique, 55(2), 103–120.Google Scholar
Luitel, B., & Taylor, P.
(2007) The shanai, the pseudosphere, and other imaginings: Envisioning culturally contextualised mathematics education. Cultural Studies of Science Education, 2(3), 621–655. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
McCarty, T.
(2014) Teaching the whole child: Language immersion and student achievement. Indian Country Today Media Network, at [URL] (13 February 2016).
McNiff, J., & Whitehead, J.
(2011) All you need to know about action research (2nd ed.). Los Angeles: Sage.Google Scholar
Mills, G.
(2010) Action research: A guide for the teacher researcher (4th ed.). New York: Pearson.Google Scholar
Ministry of Education
(2015) Education for all: National review report, 2001–2015. Kathmandu: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.Google Scholar
Ministry of Labor and Employment
(2014) Labour migration for employment. Government of Nepal, at [URL] (2 April 2006) Accessed 11 April 2017.
Phyak, P.
(2013) Language ideologies and local languages as the medium-of-instruction policy: A critical ethnography of a multilingual school in Nepal. Current Issues in Language Planning, 14(1):127–143. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Purdie, Nola, Frigo, T., Ozolins, C., Noblett, G., Thieberger, N., & Sharp, J.
(2008) Indigenous languages programmes in Australian schools: A way forward. Camberwell: Australian Council for Educational Research.Google Scholar
Ragsdale, T.
(1990) Once a hermit kingdom: Ethnicity, education, and national integration in Nepal. New Delhi: South Asia Books.Google Scholar
Rai, V., Maya, R., Phyak, P. & Nabina, R.
(2011) Multilingual education in Nepal: Hearsay and reality? Kathamandu, Nepal: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Office.Google Scholar
Rich, A.
(1994) Blood, bread, and poetry: Selected prose, 1979–1985. New York: W.W. Norton.Google Scholar
Shrestha, N. R.
(2002) Global studies: Asia, Nepal and Bengladesh – A global studies handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio.Google Scholar
Shrestha, B., & Van den Hoek, B.
(1995) Education in the mother tongue: The case of nepālbhāsā (newari). Contributions to Nepalese Studies, 22(1), 73–86.Google Scholar
(2016) Lhomi community of Nepal prepares for multilingual preschool. SIL, Literacy and Education, at [URL] (22 February 2016).
Snellgrove, D.
(1961) Himalayan pilgrimage: A study of Tibetan religion by a traveller through western Nepal. Boston: Shambhala.Google Scholar
Sonntag, S.
(1980) Language planning and policy in Nepal. ITL, 48, 70:92.Google Scholar
Taylor, S.
(2010) Beyond bilingual education: Multilingual education in Nepal. GIST Education and Learning Research Journal, 4(1), 138–154.Google Scholar
Taylor, P., Taylor, E., & Luitel, B.
(2012) Multi-paradigmatic transformative research as/for teacher education: An integral perspective. In B. Fraser, K. Tobin, & J. McRobbie (Eds), Second international handbook of science education (pp. 373–387). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Thomas, B.
(2005) Trekking in the Annapurna region (4th ed.). Surrey, UK: Trailblazer Publications.Google Scholar
Tumbahang, G.
(2016) Situation of mother tongues In Nepal. The Rising Nepal, at [URL] (21 February 2016).
(2013) Atlas of the world’s languages in danger, at [URL] (2 April 2006) Accessed Apr 11, 2017.
Weinberg, M.
(2013) Revising history in language policy: The case of medium of instruction in Nepal. Working Papers in Educational Linguistics, 28(1), 61–80.Google Scholar