Article published in:
Language Problems and Language Planning
Vol. 43:3 (2019) ► pp. 241261


Bodomo, A., & Teixeira-E-Silva, R.
(2012) Language matters: The role of linguistic identity in the establishment of the Lusophone African community in Macau. African Studies, 71(1), 71–90. Crossref link
Canagarajah, A. S.
(2005) Dilemmas in planning English/vernacular relations in post-colonial communities. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 9(3), 418–447. Crossref link
Chen, P.
(1999) Modern Chinese: History and sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Chin, W. K.
(1997) From dialect to grapholect: Written Cantonese from a folklorist viewpoint. Hong Kong Journal of Applied Linguistics, 2(2), 77–91.
Fishman, J. A.
(1969) National languages and languages of wider communication in the developing nations. Anthropological Linguistics, 11(4), 111–135.
Hao, Z.
(2011) Macau: History and society. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
Hyland, K.
(1997) Language attitudes at the handover: Communication and identity in 1997 Hong Kong. English World-Wide, 18(2), 191–210. Crossref link
Macao Government
(1985) Decreto-Lei No. 88/85/M. http://​bo​.io​.gov​.mo​/bo​/i​/85​/40​/declei88​_cn​.asp#88. Accessed 20 September 2017.
Macao SAR Government
(2017) Regulamento Administrativo No. 23/2017. Retrieved from http://​bo​.io​.gov​.mo​/bo​/i​/2017​/33​/regadm23​.asp#23. Accessed 20 September 2017.
Mann, C., & Wong, G.
(1999) Issues in language planning and language education: A survey from Macao on its return to Chinese sovereignty. Language Problems and Language Planning, 23(1), 17–36. Crossref link
Mathews, G.
(1997) Hèunggóngyàhn: On the past, present, and future of Hong Kong identity. Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, 29(3), 3–13.
Ngai, G. M. C.
(1999) Macau’s identity: The need for its preservation and development into the next century. Portuguese Studies Review, 7(2), 112–128.
Snow, D.
(2004) Cantonese as written language: The growth of a written Chinese vernacular. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
Stavans, A., & Hoffman, C.
(2015) Multilingualism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Yan, X.
(2016) “Macao has died, traditional Chinese characters have died”: A study of netizens’ comments on the choice of Chinese scripts in Macao. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 37(6), 564–575. Crossref link
(2017a) A study of Macao tertiary students’ language attitudes after the handover. Language Awareness, 26(1), 25–40. Crossref link
(2017b) The language situation in Macao. Current Issues in Language Planning, 18(1), 1–38. Crossref link
(2019) A study of language choices in the linguistic landscape of Macao’s heritage and gaming tourism. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 40(3), 198–217. Crossref link
Yan, X., & Moody, A.
(2010) Language and society in Macao: A review of sociolinguistic studies on Macao in the past three decades. Chinese Language and Discourse, 1(2), 293–324. Crossref link
Yee, H. S.
(2001) Macau in transition: From colony to autonomous region. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. Crossref link
Young, M. Y. C.
(2006) Macao students’ attitudes toward English: A post-1999 survey. World Englishes, 25(3–4), 479–90. Crossref link
(2009) Multilingual education in Macao. International Journal of Multilingualism, 6(4), 412–25. Crossref link
Zhao, S.-H., & Baldauf, R. B. Jr.
(2008) Planning Chinese Characters: Reaction, evolution or revolution? Dordrecht: Springer. Crossref link