This paper investigates the gradient nature of acceptability judgements and grammatical variants in the bilectal population of Cyprus, by comparatively discussing the findings of two recent experiments on (i) exhaustivity effects in Cypriot Greek clefts and embu ‘it is that’-structures (Leivada et al. 2013) and (ii) clitic placement and how it is affected by lexical and syntactic stimulation (Papadopoulou et al. 2014). The analysis lays emphasis on the intra-dialectal variation observed across speakers’ performance in both experiments. Variation is discussed in relation to socio-syntactic aspects of language use, such as (i) the existence of competing grammars (Tsiplakou 2007, in press) and competing motivations (Grohmann & Leivada 2012, to appear) in bilectal environments such as the one in Cyprus, (ii) the notion of gradience existent within a dialect–standard continuum (e.g. Cornips 2006 for Dutch, Leivada et al. 2013 for Greek), and (iii) syntactic/semantic factors that inform our participants’ performance. Keywords: acceptability judgments; clefts; clitics; Cypriot Greek; gradience; embu; exhaustivity; competing grammars
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To appear. Language acquisition in bilectal environments: Competing motivations, metalinguistic awareness, and the socio-syntax of development hypothesis. In Matthias Katerbow & Gunther de Vogelaer (eds.) Variation in language acquisition Amsterdam John Benjamins
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Grohmann, Kleanthes K. & Maria Kambanaros
2016. The Gradience of Multilingualism in Typical and Impaired Language Development: Positioning Bilectalism within Comparative Bilingualism. Frontiers in Psychology 7
Grohmann, Kleanthes K., Maria Kambanaros, Evelina Leivada & Charley Rowe
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2017. The Influence of Bilectalism and Non-standardization on the Perception of Native Grammatical Variants. Frontiers in Psychology 8
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Pavlou, Natalia & Kleanthes K. Grohmann
2021. Heritage Languages in Southeastern Europe. In The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics, ► pp. 69 ff.
2017. Imperfect Acquisition of a Related Variety? Residual Clefting and What It Reveals about (Gradient) Bilectalism. Frontiers in Communication 2
[no author supplied]
2021. Heritage Languages around the World. In The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics, ► pp. 11 ff.
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