The study examines the distribution of verbal patterns and their semantic-syntactic functions as they are used in
spoken narrative text production by adult native speakers of Palestinian Arabic. 30 native Palestinian Arabic adult speakers from
Kufur Qareʕ, a village in Central Israel, were shown a clip demonstrating conflicts and were asked to produce an oral narrative text
based on it. The verbs used in these narratives were examined according to root, pattern, transitivity and semantic class. The
results revealed strong tendencies with regard to the distribution of the patterns that were used. CaCaC was the
most productive pattern by type and token counts. This stands in contradiction to the results for verb innovation, where the
CaCCaC and tCaCCaC patterns are selected almost exclusively, and it highlights the gap
between productivity based on new formations and productivty based on basic forms in use. In addition, some verbal patterns were
extermely rarely used. The results also show that there was no transparent form-function relation with respect to the semantic
functions of verbal patterns. Most semantic functions were delivered in a small number of patterns (between 1–3) and the majority of them
were in were found in one pattern, CaCaC. The results shed light on the actual usage of Arabic verbal patterns in text
production and their semantic and syntactic features.
(2007) Arabic: An Essential Grammar. London and New York: Routledge.
(1994) Morphology by itself. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Ashkenazi, O., Ravid, D. & Gillis, S.
(2016) Breaking into the Hebrew verb system: A learning problem. First language, 36,5, 505–524.
(1989) Phonology and word structure in Modern Hebrew. Doctoral dissertation, UCLA.
1994Stem modification and cluster transfer in Modern Hebrew. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 121, 572–596.
(2002) HYPERLINK “[URL]” Semitic verb structure within a universal perspective. In J. Shimron (ed.), Languages Processing and Acquisition in Languages of Semitic, Root-based, Morphology, 29–59. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
(2011) Semitic templates. To appear in M. van Oostendrop, C. Ewen, E. Hume & K. Rice (eds.), Blackwell Companion to Phonology.
2017HYPERLINK “http://www.outibatel.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/Bat-El-2017-No-semitic-roots-.pdf” Word-based items-and processes (WoBIP): Evidence from Hebrew morphology. In C. Bowern, L. Horn, and R. Zanuttini (eds), On Looking into Words (and beyond), 115–135. Berlin: Language Sciences Press.
(1978) Modern Hebrew structure. Tel Aviv: Universities Publishing.
Berman, R. A.
(1980) Child language as evidence for grammatical description: Preschoolers’ construal of transitivity in Hebrew. Linguistics, 181, 677–701.
(1982) Verb-pattern alternation: The interface of morphology, syntax and semantics in Hebrew child language. Journal of child language, 91, 169–191.
Berman, R. A.
(1987) Productivity in the lexicon: New word formation in Modern Hebrew. Floia linguistica xxi, 2–4, 425–461.
Berman, R. A.
(1993) Developmental perspectives on transitivity: A confluence of cues. In Y. Levy (ed.), Other children, other languages: Issues in the theory of acquisition, 189–241. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Berman, R. A.
(2003) Children’s lexical innovations: Developmental perspectives on Hebrew verb structure. In J. Shimron (ed.), Language processing and language acquisition in a root-based morphology, 243–291. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
(2009) Becoming a literate language user: Oral and written text construction in adolescence. In R. David & N. Torrance (eds.), Cambridge handbook of literacy, 92–111. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
(1978) Word formation strategies in Modern Hebrew verb system: Denominative Verbs. Afroasiatic linguistics, 51, 1–26.
(1999) Measuring productivity in word formation: The case of Israeli Hebrew. Leiden: Brill.
Bolozky, S. & Saad, G.
(1983) On active and non-active causativizable verbs in Arabic and Hebrew. Zeitschrift fur Arabische Linguistik, 101, 71–79.
2005Linear first-time derivation of verbs and consonant cluster preservation in Israeli Hebrew. In D. Ravid & H. Bat-Zeev Shyldkrot (eds.), Perspectives on Language and Language Development, 35–43. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
DeMiller, A. L.
(1988) Syntax and semantics of the form II Modern Standard Arabic verb. Al-Arabiyya, 21,1–2, 19–50.
(1994) Configurations and transitivity splits in the Arabic lexicon. In A. Di Sciulo (ed.), Configurations, 51–78. Somervilee: Cascadilla Press.
Ferguson, C. A.
(1959) Diglossia. Word, 141, 47–56.
Ford, D. C.
(2009) The three forms of Arabic causative. OPAL, 21, 1–10.
(2011) The Arabic verb root and stem and their contribution to verb meaning. Doctoral dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin.
(1998) Studies in Semitic linguistics. Jerusalem: Magnes.
Golinkoff, R. M. & Hirsh-Pasek, K.
(2006) Action abets accomplishment: Progress on the verb learning front. In R. M. Golinkoff & K. Hirsh-Pasek (Eds.), When action meets words: How young children learn verbs, 1–46. London: Oxford University Press.
Guerssel, M. & Lowenstamm, J.
(1996) Ablaut in Classical Arabic measure I active verbal forms. In J. Lecarme, J. Lowenstamm & U. Shlonsky (eds.), Studies in Afroasiatic Grammar, 123–134. The Hague: Holland Academic Graphics.
(2006) Causativity and transitivity in Arabic. [URL]
(2009) The cognate curse in Negev Arabic: From playful punning to coexistence conflicts. Israel studies in language and society, 2, 2, 169–206.
(2010) Negev Arabic: Dialectal, sociolinguistic, and stylistic variation. Semitica viva series. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.
(1995) Modern Arabic: Structures, functions and varieties. London: Longman.
(1998) Retention and loss of the passive verb in the Arabic dialects of northern Oman and eastern Arabia. Journal of Semitic studies, 43, 2, 347–362.
(1983) Linguistic distance and literacy in Arabic. Journal of pragmatics, 71, 507–15.
(2010) Constructive constructions: Semitic verbal morphology and beyond. In G. Goldenberg & A. Shisha-Halevy (eds.), Egyptian, Semitic and General Grammar (Workshop in Memory of H. J. Polotsky), 106–130. Jerusalem: The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities.
(2004) The Arabic dialects of the Muthallath (central Israel). JSAI, 291, 166–175.
(2018) Verb innovation in Hebrew and Palestinian Arabic: The interaction of morpho-phonological and thematic-semantic criteria. Brill’s Annual Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics, 10(2), 238–284.
(1994) A Grammar of the Arabic Dialect of Jerusalem.
(1998) Language education and human development: Arabic diglossia and its impact on the quality of education in the Arab region. The Mediterranean development forum. Washington: The World Bank.
(2000) The CHILDES project: Tools for analyzing talk. Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
(2014) Causatives, anticausatives and lexicalization. In S. Benjaballah, N. Faust, M. Lahrouchi & N. Lampitelli (eds.), The form of structure, the structure of form: Essays in honor of Jean Lowenstamm, 333–348. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Pine, J. M., Lieven, E. V. M. & Rowland, C. F.
(1998) Comparing different models of the development of the English verb category. Linguistics, 361, 807–30.
(1990) Internal structure constraints on new-word formation devices in Modern Hebrew. Folia Linguistica, 241, 289–346.
(1995) Language change in child and adult Hebrew: A psycholinguistic perspective. New York: Oxford University Press.
(2017) Hebrew passive morphology in later language development: The interface of verb temporality and register. Journal of Child Language 441, 1309–1336.
(1991–1992) The occurrence of passive in some Bedouin dialects. Journal of Afroasiatic Linguistics, 31, 9–21.
(2005) A Reference of Modern Standard Arabic (6th edition). Cambridge: CPU.
(1982) Transitivity, causation and passivization. London: Kegan Paul International.
(2006) The distribution of Palestinian Arabic verb patterns in preschoolers’ conversation. MA thesis, Tel-Aviv University. (in Hebrew).
Saiegh-Haddad, E. & Henkin-Roitfarb, R.
(2014) The structure of Arabic language and orthography. In E. Saiegh-Haddad & R. M. Joshi (eds.), Handbook of Arabic literacy: Insights and perspectives, 3–28. Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London: Springer.
Saiegh-Haddad, E. & Spolsky, B.
(2014) Acquiring literacy in diglossic context: Problems and prospects. In E. Saiegh-Haddad & R. M. Joshi (eds.), Handbook of Arabic literacy: Insights and perspectives, 225–240. Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London: Springer.
(1985) Parts of speech systems. In T. Shopen (ed.), Language typology and syntactic description: Clause structure, 3–61. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schwarzwald, O. R.
(1981) Frequency factors as determinants in the binyanim meanings. Studies of Hebrew 221, 31–37.
Schwarzwald, O. R.
2000Verbal roots and their links to nouns. In O. R. Schwarzwald, S. Blum-Kulka & E. Olshtain (eds.), Raphael Nir Jubilee Book, 426–438. Jerusalem: Carmel. (In Hebrew).
Schwarzwald, O. R.
(2002) Hebrew morphology. 12 Study units. Tel Aviv: The Open University. (in Hebrew).
(2012) A grammar of Negev Arabic: Comparative studies, texts and glossing in the Bedouin dialect of the ʕaza:mih tribe. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
(2016) The Semitic root as a window on verb acquisition in early childhood. MA thesis, Tel-Aviv University.
Tucker, M. A.
(2011) The Morphosyntax of the Arabic Verb: Toward a Unified Syntax-Prosody. In Morphology at Santa Cruz: Papers in Honor of Jorge Hankamer. University of California, Santa Cruz: Linguistics Research Center.
(1999) The inadequacy of the consonantal root: Modern Hebrew Denominal Verbs and Output-output Correspondence. Phonology, 161, 401–442.
Watson, Janet C. E.
(2002) The phonology and morphology of Arabic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(1990) Valence patterns and sentence structures of Arabic functional verb complexes-syntactic analysis. Journal of Arabic Linguistics, 21, 17–29.
(2000) Redundancy and productivity in Palestinian Arabic verb derivation. In M. Mifsud (ed.), Proceedings of the third international conference of A¨ıDA, 27–32.
Cited by 6 other publications
Laks, Lior & Elinor Saiegh-Haddad
2022. Between Varieties and Modalities in the Production of Narrative Texts in Arabic. In Handbook of Literacy in Diglossia and in Dialectal Contexts [Literacy Studies, 22], ► pp. 247 ff.
2020. Labile anticausatives in Jordanian Arabic. Lingua Posnaniensis 62:2 ► pp. 19 ff.
2022. A Psycholinguistic-Developmental Approach to the Study of Reading in Arabic Diglossia: Assumptions, Methods, Findings and Educational Implications. In Handbook of Literacy in Diglossia and in Dialectal Contexts [Literacy Studies, 22], ► pp. 135 ff.
2020. Bibliography of Recent Works. Journal of Palestine Studies 49:3 ► pp. 105 ff.
SHALHOUB-AWWAD, Yasmin & Maram KHAMIS-JUBRAN
2021. Distribution of Nominal Word-Patterns and Roots in Palestinian Arabic: A Developmental Perspective in Early Childhood. Journal of Child Language 48:3 ► pp. 569 ff.
Vaknin-Nusbaum, Vered & Elinor Saiegh-Haddad
2020. The contribution of morphological awareness to reading comprehension in Arabic-speaking second graders. Reading and Writing 33:10 ► pp. 2413 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 10 april 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.