MIP, the corpus and dictionaries
What makes for the best metaphor analysis?
MacArthur questions the use of the “Macmillan Dictionary” in metaphor identification. In this response, I argue that the ideal way of determining basic meaning is by analysis of concordance citations sampled from an appropriate corpus. This is demonstrated using a 1000 word sample of the concordance for say and its inflections, taken from the “British National Corpus”. It is shown that it is very difficult to identify separable senses, which calls into question whether say is actually a realisation of a mapping from writing to speaking. A dictionary developed on corpus principles is a good alternative to using corpus data directly. It is argued that learners’ dictionaries are more suitable than native speaker dictionaries for this purpose.
Keywords: metaphor, dictionary, corpus
Published online: 10 July 2015
Cited by 4 other publications
Bosman, Nerina & Elsabé Taljard
Lu, Xiaofei & Ben Pin-Yun Wang
Skoufaki, Sophia & Bojana Petrić
Wang, Ben Pin-Yun, Xiaofei Lu, Chan-Chia Hsu, Eric Po-Chung Lin & Haiyang Ai
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Kilgarriff, A., Baisa, V., Bušta, J., Jakubíček, M., Kovář, V., Michelfeit, J., Rychlý, P., & Suchomel, V.
Leech, G., Rayson, P., & Wilson, A.