Theoretical Aspects of Passivization in the Framework of Applicative Grammar

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Passivization is explained by using the formalism of combinatory logic. The agented passive is derived from the agentless as follows: a term denoting an agent is transposed into a predicate modifier and applied to the passive predicate of the agentless construction. The passive predicate consists of two parts: 1) the two-place converse of the active predicate and 2) a zero unspecified term to which the converse predicate is applied. The passive is not derived from but is related to the active. The modifier of the passive predicate is the functional counterpart of the subject in the active. The proposed hypothesis gives an adequate solution to problems arising from various types of passive constructions. Passivization and antipassivization are defined as instances of a general cross-linguistic process involving conversion.
[Pragmatics & Beyond, VI:1]  1985.  viii, 115 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
vii
1. Introduction: Background and Goals
1
2. An Outline of Applicative Grammar
5
3. Passivization and Applicative Grammar
11
4. The Classical Conversion Hypothesis
19
5. Applicative Grammar and Hierarchical Theories
25
6. Arguments for the Abstract Conversion Hypothesis
31
6.1. The problem of the active-passive relation
31
6.2. The problem of agented-agentless relations
42
6.3. Unspecified term in passive constructions
46
6.4. ‘By’ as a transposer of a term in passive constructions
67
6.5. The significance of the converse predicate
57
7. A Generalization of the Notions of Transitive and Intransitive Constructions
63
7.1. Non-universality of the notions of subject and direct object
63
7.2. A uniform definition of passive and antipassive constructions
67
7.3. The grammatical and lexical notions of agent
70
8. A Formal Theory of Passivization
75
8.1. The notion of type
76
8.2. Agentless and agented passive constructions
80
8.3. Formal reduction from the agented passive construction
82
8.4. Intransitive passive constructions
84
8.5. Impersonal passive constructions
86
8.6. Passivization of the tertiary term
91
8.7. Formal passive predicates
93
9. Conclusion: Fundamental Functions of Passivization
97
Appendix: Some Combinators Used in Linguistics
107
References
111
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This list is based on CrossRef data as of 06 november 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  85026794 | Marc record