Communities of Practice in the History of English

Editors
| Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan
| University of Zurich
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027256409 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027271204 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
 
Languages change and they keep changing as a result of communicative interactions and practices in the context of communities of language users. The articles in this volume showcase a range of such communities and their practices as loci of language change in the history of English. The notion of communities of practice takes its starting point in the work of Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger and refers to groups of people defined both through their membership in a community and through their shared practices. Three types of communities are particularly highlighted: networks of letter writers; groups of scribes and printers; and other groups of professionals, in particular administrators and scientists. In these diverse contexts in England, Scotland, the United States and South Africa, language change is not seen as an abstract process but as a response to the communicative needs and practices of groups of people engaged in interaction.
[Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 235]  2013.  vii, 291 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
vii
Communities of practice as a locus of language change
Andreas H. Jucker and Joanna Kopaczyk
1–16
I. Letter writers
The role of communities of practice in the emergence of Scottish Standard English
Janet Cruickshank
19–46
Mixing genres and reinforcing community ties in nineteenth-century Scottish correspondence: Formality, familiarity and religious discourse
Marina Dossena
47–60
Communities of practice, idiolects, and community grammar: Variation in the past tensebe paradigms in the Civil War letters from Northeastern South Carolina
Radosław Dylewski
61–82
Community or communities of practice?: 1820 petitioners in the Cape Colony
Matylda Włodarczyk
83–102
II. Scribes and printers
Crafting text languages: Spelling systems in manuscripts of theMan of Law’s Taleas a means of construing scribal community of practice
Justyna Rogos-Hebda
105–122
Typographical and graphomorphemic features of five editions of the Kalender of Shepherdesas elements of the early printers’ community of practice
Hanna Rutkowska
123–150
Printing houses as communities of practice: Orthography in early modern medical books
Jukka Tyrkkö
151–176
Elizabeth Montagu’s Shakespeare essay (1769): The final draft and the first edition as evidence of two communities of practice
Anni Sairio
177–198
III. Professionals
Of ledenum bocum to engliscum gereorde : Bilingual communities of practice in Anglo-Saxon England
Olga Timofeeva
201–224
How a community of practice creates a text community: Middle Scots legal and administrative discourse
Joanna Kopaczyk
225–250
“These two, Physitians and Chirurgeons, are to be intimate friends together”: Early Modern English community of medical practitioners
Anna Hebda and Malgorzata Fabiszak
251–268
The formation of the Royal Society as a community of practice and discourse
Maurizio Gotti
269–286
Index of names
287–288
Index of subjects
289–291
“With this collection, Joanna Kopaczyk and Andreas H. Jucker provide a clear pragmaphilological perspective on changes in English brought about by the way in which evolving groups of speakers use and develop repertoires in mutual engagement with joint enterprises. Their choice of ‘community of practice’ as the central notion underlying this perspective is highly original and most enlightening. A fascinating contribution to the history of English.”
“This ground-breaking volume brings together twelve studies applying the concept of community of practice to linguistic interaction in historical communities, from Anglo-Saxon England to nineteenth-century South Africa. These studies provide a powerful demonstration of the uniformitarian principle at work, as historical documents are investigated within the micro-social contexts of their production, putting the ‘socio’ at the forefront of socio-historical linguistics. This volume should be of great interest to scholars of historical linguistics, pragmatics and sociolinguistics alike.”
“The papers demonstrate how fruitful data-oriented approaches combined with innovative corpus linguistic tools can be, which makes the volume not only valuable for those interested in the language history of English but for historical sociolinguistics in general.”
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CFF – Historical & comparative linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN000000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2013027864 | Marc record