Chapter published in:Questioning and Answering Practices across Contexts and Cultures
Edited by Cornelia Ilie
[Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 323] 2021
► pp. 227–254
Devices of alignment
Suoyi- and danshi-prefaced questions in Mandarin Chinese TV news interviews
The Mandarin resultative connective suoyi ‘so’ and adversative connective dan(shi) ‘but’ are found to preface interviewer (IR) questions regularly in Chinese TV news interviews. This study draws on a conversational analysis (CA)-oriented micro-analytical approach and examines the form, placement and function of the two connective-prefaced questions. The findings show that IRs employ, on the one hand, a turn-initial suoyi to preface a declarative, alone or followed by a question tag that invokes a prior interviewee (IE) opinion, and, on the other, a turn-initial dan(shi) to preface either a wh-question or a yes/no question and bring forth a point of contrast and transition for questioning. Both questions not only encode IRs’ epistemic stance, but also display their alignment to IEs’ prior talk in different ways.
Keywords: question design, connective, interaction, conversation analysis, Chinese TV news interview
Bolden, Galina B.
Clayman, Steven E.
Clayman, Steven E., and John Heritage
Clayman, Steven E., Marc N. Elliott, John Heritage, and Laurie L. McDonald
Couper-Kuhlen, Elizabeth, and Margaret Selting
Guthrie, Anna M.
2002 “Ad Hoc Inquiries: Two Preferences in the Design of Routine Questions in an Open Context.” In Standardization and Tacit Knowledge: Interaction and Practice in the Survey Interview, ed. by Douglas W. Maynard, Hanneke Houtkoop-Steenstra, Nora C. Schaeffer, and Johannes van de Zouwen, 313–333. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
2017 “Turn-initial Particles in English: The Cases of Oh and Well . https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320998381
Heritage, John, and David Greatbatch
Heritage, John, and Andrew L. Roth
Heritage, John, and Marja-Leena Sorjonen
Labov, William, and David Fanshel
Li, Charles N., and Sandra A. Thompson
Mazeland, Harrie, and Mike Huiskes
Schegloff, Emanuel A.
Stivers, Tanya, and Makoto Hayashi
Tao, Hongyin, and Sandra A. Thompson
Wang, Chueh-chen, and Lillian M. Huang