Chapter in:Pragmatic Markers and Peripheries
Edited by Daniël Van Olmen and Jolanta Šinkūnienė
[Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 325] 2021
► pp. 112–140
The Latvian particle lūk in parliamentary discourse
The Latvian pragmatic marker lūk is derived from the imperative ‘look!’ but is used mainly in the textual domain in speech and writing. This study investigates its use in parliamentary discourse, based on a corpus of shorthand transcripts, as well as audio and video recordings. The main functions of lūk are pointing to parts of a speaker’s text (textual deixis), introducing and concluding a topic (discourse organization) and marking the voice of an opponent (represented speech and viewpoint). Similar functions have been described for imperatives of ‘look’ verbs in various European languages. An important difference is that lūk occurs only turn-medially and lacks dialogic functions.
Keywords: pragmatic marker, perception verbs, interjection, Latvian, parliamentary discourse, discourse organization, represented speech, viewpoint, deixis