Bridging and Relevance

| International Christian University, Tokyo
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027250926 (Eur) | EUR 110.00
ISBN 9781556199240 (USA) | USD 165.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027298973 | EUR 110.00 | USD 165.00
 
While it has long been taken for granted that context or background information plays a crucial role in reference assignment, there have been very few serious attempts to investigate exactly how they are used. This study provides an answer to the question through an extensive analysis of cases of bridging. The book demonstrates that when encountering a referring expression, the hearer is able to choose a set of contextual assumptions intended by the speaker in a principled way, out of all the assumptions possibly available to him. It claims more specifically that the use of context, as well as the assignment of referent, is governed by a single pragmatic principle, namely, the principle of relevance (Sperber & Wilson 1986/1995), which is also a single principle governing overall utterance interpretation. The explanatory power of the criterion based on the principle of relevance is tested against the two major, current alternatives — truth-based criteria and coherence-based criteria — using data elicited in a battery of referent assignment questionnaires. The results show clearly that the relevance-based criterion has more predictive power to handle a wider range of examples than any other existing criterion. As such, this work adds to the growing body of evidence supporting the insights of relevance theory.
The work has been awarded the 2001 Ichikawa Award for the best achievement in English Linguistics by a young scholar in Japan.
[Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 76]  2000.  xii, 251 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgements
ix
1. Introduction
1
2. Relevance Theory
25
3. Bridging reference assignment and accessibility of discourse entities
51
4. Accessibility of bridging assumptions and other contextual assumptions
93
5. Acceptability Judgements for Bridging Reference
131
6. Conclusions
197
Appendix
211
Notes
231
References
233
Index
245
Cited by

Cited by other publications

Allott, Nicholas
2013.  In Perspectives on Linguistic Pragmatics [Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology, 2],  pp. 57 ff. Crossref logo
Blackwell, Sarah E.
2018. Frames of Reference and Antecedentless Anaphora in Spanish Conversation. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 47:2  pp. 283 ff. Crossref logo
Clark, Herbert H.
2020. Anchoring Utterances. Topics in Cognitive Science Crossref logo
Clark, Herbert H. & Adrian Bangerter
2004.  In Experimental Pragmatics,  pp. 25 ff. Crossref logo
Crosthwaite, Peter Robert
2014. Definite Discourse-New Reference in L1 and L2: A Study of Bridging in Mandarin, Korean, and English. Language Learning 64:3  pp. 456 ff. Crossref logo
de Ruiter, J. P. & Saul Albert
2017. An Appeal for a Methodological Fusion of Conversation Analysis and Experimental Psychology. Research on Language and Social Interaction 50:1  pp. 90 ff. Crossref logo
Funayama, Chuta
2007. Enhancing Mental Processes in Simultaneous Interpreting Training. The Interpreter and Translator Trainer 1:1  pp. 97 ff. Crossref logo
Hamblin, Jennifer L. & Raymond W. Gibbs
2003. Processing the Meanings of What Speakers Say and Implicate. Discourse Processes 35:1  pp. 59 ff. Crossref logo
HIGASHIMORI, ISAO
2003. Relevance-Theoretic Objections to Levinson's GCI Theory (S. C. Levinson, Presumptive Meanings: The Theory of Generalized Conversational Implicature). ENGLISH LINGUISTICS 20:1  pp. 225 ff. Crossref logo
Hou, Yufang, Katja Markert & Michael Strube
2018. Unrestricted Bridging Resolution. Computational Linguistics 44:2  pp. 237 ff. Crossref logo
Kolaiti, Patricia
2014. Text and contextual information retrieval. Pragmatics 24:1  pp. 63 ff. Crossref logo
Matsui, Tomoko
2001.  In Modeling and Using Context [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2116],  pp. 248 ff. Crossref logo
NISHIDA, KOICHI
2005. TWO MARKED TYPES OF DISCOURSE ANAPHORA IN ENGLISH. ENGLISH LINGUISTICS 22:2  pp. 271 ff. Crossref logo
Scott, Kate
2017.  In Semantics and Pragmatics: Drawing a Line [Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning, 11],  pp. 323 ff. Crossref logo
Scott, Kate
2019.  In Referring Expressions, Pragmatics, and Style, Crossref logo
Sperber, Dan & Ira A. Noveck
2004.  In Experimental Pragmatics,  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Van der Henst, Jean-Baptiste & Dan Sperber
2004.  In Experimental Pragmatics,  pp. 141 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 01 june 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects

Linguistics

Semantics
Pragmatics
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  00022619