Bridging and Relevance

Tomoko Matsui | International Christian University, Tokyo
ISBN 9789027250926 (Eur) | EUR 110.00
ISBN 9781556199240 (USA) | USD 165.00
ISBN 9789027298973 | EUR 110.00 | USD 165.00
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While it has long been taken for granted that context or background information plays a crucial role in reference assignment, there have been very few serious attempts to investigate exactly how they are used. This study provides an answer to the question through an extensive analysis of cases of bridging. The book demonstrates that when encountering a referring expression, the hearer is able to choose a set of contextual assumptions intended by the speaker in a principled way, out of all the assumptions possibly available to him. It claims more specifically that the use of context, as well as the assignment of referent, is governed by a single pragmatic principle, namely, the principle of relevance (Sperber & Wilson 1986/1995), which is also a single principle governing overall utterance interpretation. The explanatory power of the criterion based on the principle of relevance is tested against the two major, current alternatives — truth-based criteria and coherence-based criteria — using data elicited in a battery of referent assignment questionnaires. The results show clearly that the relevance-based criterion has more predictive power to handle a wider range of examples than any other existing criterion. As such, this work adds to the growing body of evidence supporting the insights of relevance theory.
The work has been awarded the 2001 Ichikawa Award for the best achievement in English Linguistics by a young scholar in Japan.
[Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 76] 2000.  xii, 251 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Cited by

Cited by 27 other publications

Allott, Nicholas
2013. Relevance Theory. In Perspectives on Linguistic Pragmatics [Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology, 2],  pp. 57 ff. DOI logo
Berezowski, Leszek
2023. The real Billy the Kid: Two articles in a single English proper name. Studia Neophilologica  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Blackwell, Sarah E.
2018. Frames of Reference and Antecedentless Anaphora in Spanish Conversation. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 47:2  pp. 283 ff. DOI logo
Brunetti, Lisa, Laia Mayol & Xavier Villalba
2020. Bridging Strength, Monotonicity, and Word Order Choices in Catalan. Discourse Processes 57:8  pp. 703 ff. DOI logo
Clark, Herbert H.
2021. Anchoring Utterances. Topics in Cognitive Science 13:2  pp. 329 ff. DOI logo
Clark, Herbert H. & Adrian Bangerter
2004. Changing Ideas about Reference. In Experimental Pragmatics,  pp. 25 ff. DOI logo
Crosthwaite, Peter, Yuk Yeung, Xuefei Bai, Li Lu & Yeonsuk Bae
2018. DEFINITE DISCOURSE-NEW REFERENCE IN L1 AND L2. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 40:3  pp. 625 ff. DOI logo
Crosthwaite, Peter Robert
2014. Definite Discourse–New Reference in L1 and L2: A Study of Bridging in Mandarin, Korean, and English. Language Learning 64:3  pp. 456 ff. DOI logo
de Ruiter, J. P. & Saul Albert
2017. An Appeal for a Methodological Fusion of Conversation Analysis and Experimental Psychology. Research on Language and Social Interaction 50:1  pp. 90 ff. DOI logo
Funayama, Chuta
2007. Enhancing Mental Processes in Simultaneous Interpreting Training. The Interpreter and Translator Trainer 1:1  pp. 97 ff. DOI logo
Hamblin, Jennifer L. & Raymond W. Gibbs
2003. Processing the Meanings of What Speakers Say and Implicate. Discourse Processes 35:1  pp. 59 ff. DOI logo
2003. Relevance-Theoretic Objections to Levinson's GCI Theory (S. C. Levinson, Presumptive Meanings: The Theory of Generalized Conversational Implicature). ENGLISH LINGUISTICS 20:1  pp. 225 ff. DOI logo
Hou, Yufang, Katja Markert & Michael Strube
2018. Unrestricted Bridging Resolution. Computational Linguistics 44:2  pp. 237 ff. DOI logo
Jarrah, Marwan & Rasheed Al-Jarrah
2023. Translating explicatures between Arabic and English. Babel. Revue internationale de la traduction / International Journal of Translation 69:2  pp. 188 ff. DOI logo
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Kołaczek, Natalia
2018. Indirekta Anaforer I Inlärarsvenska: Analys Av Korta Texter Skrivna Av Svenskstuderande I Polen. Folia Scandinavica Posnaniensia 25:1  pp. 4 ff. DOI logo
Matsui, Tomoko
2001. Experimental Pragmatics: Towards Testing Relevance-Based Predictions about Anaphoric Bridging Inferences. In Modeling and Using Context [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2116],  pp. 248 ff. DOI logo
Scott, Kate
2017. Prosody, Procedures and Pragmatics. In Semantics and Pragmatics: Drawing a Line [Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning, 11],  pp. 323 ff. DOI logo
Scott, Kate
2019. Referring Expressions, Pragmatics, and Style, DOI logo
Scott, Kate
2021. Contrastive stress in English. In Beyond Meaning [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 324],  pp. 29 ff. DOI logo
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2015. The Samaritan Woman in John 4. Journal of Translation 11:1  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Sperber, Dan & Ira A. Noveck
2004. Introduction. In Experimental Pragmatics,  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Van der Henst, Jean-Baptiste & Dan Sperber
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Xie, Chaoqun
2003. Review of Noh (2000): Metarepresentation. A Relevance-theory Approach. Studies in Language 27:1  pp. 171 ff. DOI logo
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Main BIC Subject

CF: Linguistics

Main BISAC Subject

LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
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U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  00022619 | Marc record