Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

List of John Benjamins publications for which Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald plays a role.

Book series




Edited by Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Special issue of Asian Languages and Linguistics 3:2 (2022) v, 227 pp.

Creativity in Language

Edited by Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, Andrea Hollington, Nico Nassenstein and Anne Storch

Special issue of International Journal of Language and Culture 6:1 (2019) vi, 223 pp.
Subjects Anthropological Linguistics | Applied linguistics | Cognition and language | Cognitive psychology | Communication Studies | Pragmatics

Studies in Evidentiality

Edited by Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald and R.M.W. Dixon

[Typological Studies in Language, 54] 2003. xiv, 349 pp.
Subjects Semantics | Typology

Non-canonical Marking of Subjects and Objects

Edited by Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald, R.M.W. Dixon and Masayuki Onishi

[Typological Studies in Language, 46] 2001. xii, 364 pp.
Subjects Semantics | Syntax | Typology


Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2023. What everybody knows: Expressing shared knowledge thorough evidentials. Verb and Context: The impact of shared knowledge on TAME categories, Rodríguez Rosique, Susana and Jordi M. Antolí Martínez (eds.), pp. 1–18
Every language has a variety of ways of expressing how one knows what one is talking about. In quite a few of the world’s languages, one has to always specify the information source through grammatical means. Evidential terms may combine reference to the information sources of the speaker and of… read more | Chapter
Tariana, an Arawak language from Brazil, has nominal markers which convey temporal and aspectual information about the noun phrase. Besides nominal future, there is a distinction between completed and non-completed nominal pasts. The completed nominal past has three meanings – decessive (‘late,… read more | Article
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2022. Classifiers: Setting the scene: An introduction to the special issue on classifiers in the languages of Asia. Classifiers, Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. (ed.), pp. 141–152
Classifiers are morphemes which occur under specifiable conditions and which categorise nominal referents in terms of their animacy, shape, and other properties. The most widely represented type is numeral classifiers, which occur next to a number word or a quantifier. Further types include noun… read more | Article
The Amazon Basin is renowned for its high linguistic diversity. The history of Amazonian languages has been marred with language extinction and loss ever since the European conquest. Newly emergent varieties of the national languages – Portuguese and Spanish – bear the substratum influence of the… read more | Chapter
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2019. Expressing ‘possession’: Motivations, meanings, and forms. Possession in Languages of Europe and North and Central Asia, Johanson, Lars, Lidia Federica Mazzitelli and Irina Nevskaya (eds.), pp. 7–26
Competing motivations are often at work in the choice of form and meaning of possessive and associative noun phrases. The article offers a broad typological review of the ways of expressing possession at the NP-internal level. In particular, it discusses how iconicity and economic motivations… read more | Chapter
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2019. Hidden from women’s ears: Gender-based taboos in the Vaupés area. Creativity in Language, Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., Andrea Hollington, Nico Nassenstein and Anne Storch (eds.), pp. 95–118
Across the multilingual area of the Vaupés River Basin in north-west Amazonia, women are considered a dangerous ‘other’. In accordance with the local marriage practices, men marry women from language groups different to their own. Women are denied access to important rituals, such as the Yurupary… read more | Article
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. and Anne Storch. 2019. Creativity in language: Secret codes, special styles and linguistic taboo. Creativity in Language, Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., Andrea Hollington, Nico Nassenstein and Anne Storch (eds.), pp. 1–9
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2018. Chapter 2. The magic of names: A fieldworker’s perspective. Word Hunters: Field linguists on fieldwork, Sarvasy, Hannah and Diana Forker (eds.), pp. 9–27
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2016. Language contact and word structure: A case study from north-west Amazonia. Language Contact and Change in the Americas: Studies in honor of Marianne Mithun, Berez-Kroeker, Andrea L., Diane M. Hintz and Carmen Jany (eds.), pp. 297–314
Intensive language contact between genetically unrelated languages may result in their structural adjustment to each other. The languages will then converge and become similar in their grammar. The effects of language contact are expected to be particularly strong if a dominant language is in the… read more | Article
Many languages of the world have genders, that is, grammatical agreement classes, based on such core semantic properties as animacy, sex and humanness, and also shape. In Manambu, a language of New Guinea, nouns are assigned genders according to the sex of a human referent, and to shape and size of… read more | Article
In many languages, terms denoting the human body and its parts constitute a closed subclass of nouns with special grammatical properties. Many if not all parts of the human body may acquire dimensions of meanings with ethnographic importance. I focus on a tri-partite division of visible and… read more | Article
A combination of number marking, on the one hand, and genders, animacy and classifiers of various sorts on the other, may form the basis for semantic subcategorisation of nominal referents, in addition to further such devices. The paper investigates number as a noun categorisation device in a… read more | Article
Shared features, and especially shared grammaticalization patterns, may result from geographic proximity, contact, and borrowing (“copying”). Related languages “will pass through the same or strikingly similar phases”: this “parallelism in drift” (Sapir 1921: 171‒172) accounts for additional… read more | Chapter
The island of New Guinea is probably the most linguistically diverse and complex area in the world. The Sepik river basin displays cultural as well as linguistic diversity and fragmentation, perhaps more so than other areas of New Guinea. Many of the Sepik languages show signs of endangerment.… read more | Article
Many of the world’s languages have different forms for the concepts of ‘eating’ (solid food) and ‘drinking’ (liquid). Manambu, from the Ndu family in the Sepik region of New Guinea, has the same verb covering the notions of ‘eating’, ‘drinking’, smoking’ and ‘breast-feeding’. It also refers to… read more | Article
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2005. Review of König (2002): Kasus im Ik. Studies in Language 29:1, pp. 200–207
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2004. Evidentiality: Problems and challenges. Linguistics Today – Facing a Greater Challenge, Sterkenburg, Piet van (ed.), pp. 1 ff.
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2003. 1. Evidentiality in typological perspective. Studies in Evidentiality, Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. and R.M.W. Dixon (eds.), pp. 1–31
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2003. 6. Evidentiality in Tariana. Studies in Evidentiality, Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. and R.M.W. Dixon (eds.), pp. 131–164
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. 2001. Verb types, non-canonically marked arguments and grammatical relations: A Tariana perspective. Non-canonical Marking of Subjects and Objects, Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., R.M.W. Dixon and Masayuki Onishi (eds.), pp. 177 ff.
Tariana, a North Arawak language from northwest Amazonia, has a complex system of serial verbs and a certain amount of verb compounding. Serial verbs in Tariana provide important evidence in favour of the existence of cross-linguistically valid defining properties of serial verbs. Verb… read more | Article
Dixon, R.M.W. and Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald. 1997. A Typology of Argument-Determined Constructions. Essays on Language Function and Language Type: Dedicated to T. Givón, Bybee, Joan L., John Haiman and Sandra A. Thompson (eds.), pp. 71 ff.
This paper discusses the phonological properties of words and phrases in two Northern Arawak languages of the Upper Rio Negro, Brazil. These features are h-prosody, vowel harmony triggered by the glottal fricative h, vowel nasalization and vowel diphthongization. A feature that is used to mark a… read more | Article