List of John Benjamins publications for which Mikael Parkvall plays a role.
Skepi Creole Dutch: The Rodschied Papers. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages: Online-First Articles2023.
This paper presents new Skepi Creole Dutch data from the late-18th century, found in the work of the German scholar Ernst Karl Rodschied. The creole data include pronominal and verbal paradigms, a short 60-word excerpt from a private letter, and around two dozen names for local flora. After briefly… read more | Article
Occam’s Razor and the origins of Chabacano: A reply to Fernández and Sippola. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 37:2, pp. 240–2462022.
A long-lasting debate within creole studies concerns the scarcity of Spanish-based creoles and the theoretical implications this may have. However, there is no agreement as to how many genuinely Spanish-based creoles there are in the world, and identifying the size of that group can generate… read more | Article
Review of Nolan (2020): The Elusive Case of Lingua Franca. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 36:2, pp. 438–4402021.
Chavacano (Philippine Creole Spanish): Are the varieties related?. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 35:1, pp. 88–1242020.
This article argues that the three existing varieties of Chavacano are descendents of one and the same proto-variety. While their direct relatedness used to be agreed upon, it has recently been questioned to differing extents by Lipski (e.g. 1992, 2010, 2013) and Fernández (e.g. 2006, 2011). There… read more | Article
In this article we present newly found lexical and grammatical data pertaining to Skepi, the Dutch-lexified creole which is now extinct but was once widespread in the Essequibo area of what is today the Republic of Guyana. The source of this new material are the linguistic notes contained in the… read more | Miscellaneous
Palenquero is a Spanish-lexified creole spoken in Columbia. We argue that existing hypotheses regarding its birth are problematic in several regards. This article addresses the inconsistencies in these hypotheses and provides an alternative, more coherent account. More precisely, we take issue with… read more | Article
Français tirailleur : Not just a “language of power”. Language of Empire, Language of Power, Versteegh, Kees (ed.), pp. 60–762018.
Français-Tirailleur is the conventional name for the French-lexicon pidgin used in France’s African army during the 19th and 20th centuries. Tirailleur literally translates as ‘rifleman’ or ‘sharpshooter’, but in time, and in practice, it came to refer specifically to indigenous colonial soldiers.… read more | Article
Review of Faraclas (2012): Agency in the Emergence of Creole Languages. Journal of Historical Linguistics 4:2, pp. 293–3002014.
Creoles are typologically distinct from non-creoles. Creole Languages and Linguistic Typology, Bhatt, Parth and Tonjes Veenstra (eds.), pp. 9–452013.
In creolist circles, there has been a long-standing debate whether creoles differ structurally from non-creole languages and thus would form a special class of languages with specific typological properties. This debate about the typological status of creole languages has severely suffered from a… read more | Article
Papiamentu as one of the most complex languages in the world: A reply to Kouwenberg. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 27:1, pp. 159–1662012.
Creoles are typologically distinct from non-creoles. Creoles and Typology, Bhatt, Parth and Tonjes Veenstra (eds.), pp. 5–422011.
In creolist circles, there has been a a long-standing debate whether creoles differ structurally from non-creole languages and thus would form a special class of languages with specific typological properties. This debate about the typological status of creole languages has severely suffered from a… read more | Article
How European is Esperanto? A typological study*. Language Problems and Language Planning 34:1, pp. 63–792010.
The typological similarities between Esperanto and other languages have long been a matter of debate. Assuming that foreign-language structures are more easily acquired when they resemble those of the learner’s native tongue, any candidate for a global lingua franca obviously ought to be as… read more | Article
The simplicity of creoles in a cross-linguistic perspective. Language Complexity: Typology, contact, change, Miestamo, Matti, Kaius Sinnemäki and Fred Karlsson (eds.), pp. 265–2852008.
This paper discusses the possibility of quantifying complexity in languages in general, and in creoles in particular. It argues that creoles are indeed different from non-creoles, primarily in being less complex. While this has been argued before, this is the first attempt to prove it through the… read more | Article
Was Haitian ever more like French?. Structure and Variation in Language Contact, Deumert, Ana and Stephanie Durrleman (eds.), pp. 315–3352006.
In the debate on whether or not plantation creoles started out their lives as pidgins, attention has focused on the amount of structure inherited from the lexifier language. Many who argue for a mother-daughter relationship between lexifiers and creoles assume that these similarities derive from… read more | Chapter
Review of Migge (2003): Creole Formation as Language Contact. The case of the Suriname Creoles. Studies in Language 29:3, pp. 700–7062005.
Creolistics and the quest for creoleness: A reply to Claire Lefebvre. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 16:1, pp. 147–1512001.
Review of Jahr & Broch (1996): Language contact in the Arctic. Northern pidgins and contact languages. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 15:1, pp. 189–1982000.
Reassessing the role of demographics in language restructuring. Degrees of Restructuring in Creole Languages, Neumann-Holzschuh, Ingrid and Edgar W. Schneider (eds.), pp. 185 ff.2000.
On the Possibility of Afrogenesis in the Case of French Creoles. Creole Genesis, Attitudes and Discourse: Studies celebrating Charlene J. Sato, Rickford, John R. and Suzanne Romaine (eds.), pp. 187 ff.1999.
Review of Eriksen (1994): Kulturelle veikryss. Essays om kreolisering. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 12:2, pp. 356–3581997.