Bernard Comrie

List of John Benjamins publications for which Bernard Comrie plays a role.


Book series


Subjects Semantics | Syntax | Theoretical linguistics | Typology

New Perspectives on the Origins of Language

Edited by Claire Lefebvre, Bernard Comrie and Henri Cohen

[Studies in Language Companion Series, 144] 2013. xvi, 582 pp.
Subjects Evolution of language | Historical linguistics | Theoretical linguistics

Relative Clauses in Languages of the Americas: A typological overview

Edited by Bernard Comrie and Zarina Estrada-Fernández

[Typological Studies in Language, 102] 2012. xiii, 307 pp.
Subjects Historical linguistics | Languages of North America | Languages of South America | Syntax | Typology

Argument Structure and Grammatical Relations: A crosslinguistic typology

Edited by Pirkko Suihkonen, Bernard Comrie and Valery Solovyev

[Studies in Language Companion Series, 126] 2012. xv, 406 pp.
Subjects Semantics | Syntax | Theoretical linguistics | Typology

Introducing Maltese Linguistics: Selected papers from the 1st International Conference on Maltese Linguistics, Bremen, 18–20 October, 2007

Edited by Bernard Comrie, Ray Fabri, Elizabeth Hume, Manwel Mifsud, Thomas Stolz and Martine Vanhove

[Studies in Language Companion Series, 113] 2009. xi, 422 pp.
Subjects Afro-Asiatic languages | English linguistics | Theoretical linguistics
Subjects Multilingualism | Sociolinguistics and Dialectology

Causatives and Transitivity

Edited by Bernard Comrie and Maria Polinsky

[Studies in Language Companion Series, 23] 1993. x, 399 pp.
Subjects Functional linguistics | Theoretical linguistics | Typology
Subjects Syntax | Theoretical linguistics | Typology


Comrie, Bernard 2022 TypologyHandbook of Pragmatics: Manual, Verschueren, Jef and Jan-Ola Östman (eds.), pp. 1461–1464 | Chapter
Borin, Lars, Anju Saxena, Shafqat Mumtaz Virk and Bernard Comrie 2021 Chapter 6. Swedish FrameNet++ and comparative linguisticsThe Swedish FrameNet++: Harmonization, integration, method development and practical language technology applications, Dannélls, Dana, Lars Borin and Karin Friberg Heppin (eds.), pp. 139–166 | Chapter
In this chapter we describe a multilingual extension of Swedish FrameNet++, intended to address research questions of a broad comparative nature, in genealogical, areal and typological linguistics, focusing on the integration into Swedish FrameNet++ of so-called core vocabularies, used in several… read more
While the general lines of the areal linguistic typology of Asia are well known, there are some less well understood pockets that promise to throw light on the overall range of variation within the continent. These include the indigenous languages of the Andaman Islands, which have for much of… read more
Comrie, Bernard, Diana Forker, Zaira Khalilova and Helma van den Berg 2021 Chapter 16. Antipassives in Nakh-Daghestanian languages: Exploring the margins of a constructionAntipassive: Typology, diachrony, and related constructions, Janic, Katarzyna and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich (eds.), pp. 515–548 | Chapter
Several Nakh-Daghestanian languages present constructions that are candidate antipassives, in that the construction is intransitive and is (at least sometimes) related to a corresponding transitive construction, with A of the transitive construction appearing as S of the intransitive, and P of… read more
Comrie, Bernard 2020 Chapter 1. IntroductionPerfects in Indo-European Languages and Beyond, Crellin, Robert and Thomas Jügel (eds.), pp. 1–14 | Chapter
This Introduction highlights some of the recurrent themes of the volume, in particular two diachronic paths: (i) resultative > perfect > perfective past; (ii) relaxation of an initial constraint restricting the perfect to results attributed to the patient. The latter leads to a discussion of be… read more
Comrie, Bernard 2019 Possessive chains and Possessor CamouflagePossession in Languages of Europe and North and Central Asia, Johanson, Lars, Lidia Federica Mazzitelli and Irina Nevskaya (eds.), pp. 51–84 | Chapter
In most recursive possessive chains like English the color of the covers of thebooks and the girl’s father’s house, from knowing the morphosyntax of possessor and possessum in bipartite constructions (the color of the books, the girl’s house), one can predict the morphosyntax of the intermediate… read more
Davies, John and Bernard Comrie 2019 Switch-reference in Kobon and Haruai: Areal influences within Highland New GuineaDiverse Scenarios of Syntactic Complexity, Álvarez González, Albert, Zarina Estrada-Fernández and Claudine Chamoreau (eds.), pp. 13–26 | Chapter
Kobon and Haruai are two neighboring unrelated Papuan languages with similar syntactic typology. Within the overall space of cross-linguistic variation, their switch-reference systems are remarkably similar, though not identical, for instance strictly tracking the referent of the grammatical… read more
Comrie, Bernard, Diana Forker and Zaira Khalilova 2018 Chapter 3. Affective constructions in Tsezic languagesNon-Canonically Case-Marked Subjects: The Reykjavík-Eyjafjallajökull papers, Barðdal, Jóhanna, Na'ama Pat-El and Stephen Mark Carey (eds.), pp. 55–82 | Chapter
This article addresses affective (“experiencer”) constructions in the Tsezic languages (Nakh-Daghestanian), which represent the most frequent type of non-canonical subject constructions in these languages. They differ from transitive constructions in a number of ways that go far beyond case marking… read more
Comrie, Bernard, Diana Forker and Zaira Khalilova 2017 General noun-modifying clause constructions in Hinuq and Bezhta, with a note on other Daghestanian languagesNoun-Modifying Clause Constructions in Languages of Eurasia: Rethinking theoretical and geographical boundaries, Matsumoto, Yoshiko, Bernard Comrie and Peter Sells (eds.), pp. 121–146 | Article
Hinuq and Bezhta, two languages of the Tsezic sub-group of the Nakh-Daghestanian (East Caucasian) language family, have General noun modifying clause constructions (GNMCCs), which have also been noted in some other Nakh-Daghestanian languages. While readily acceptable and interpretable, GNMCCs that… read more
Comrie, Bernard, Peter Sells and Yoshiko Matsumoto 2017 ConclusionNoun-Modifying Clause Constructions in Languages of Eurasia: Rethinking theoretical and geographical boundaries, Matsumoto, Yoshiko, Bernard Comrie and Peter Sells (eds.), pp. 331–337 | Article
In this conclusion, we address three issues: a) the geographic extent of GNMCCs in Eurasia, including considerations of areal phenomena resulting from language contact; b) delimiting GNMCCs from other constructions, in particular those that in Japanese fall under GNMCCs; and c) structural… read more
Comrie, Bernard 2016 Finiteness in HaruaiFiniteness and Nominalization, Chamoreau, Claudine and Zarina Estrada-Fernández (eds.), pp. 71–82 | Article
Haruai, a non-Austronesian (“Papuan”) language of Papua New Guinea distinguishes, in terms of the indexing of person-number in the verb, between finite, semi-finite, and non-finite verb forms. There is a high, though not absolute, correlation between this scale and the scale running from main… read more
Comrie, Bernard 2016 Measuring language typicality, with special reference to the AmericasLanguage Contact and Change in the Americas: Studies in honor of Marianne Mithun, Berez-Kroeker, Andrea L., Diane M. Hintz and Carmen Jany (eds.), pp. 363–384 | Article
The World Atlas of Language Structures provides a means of calculating the index of typicality of a language, as the average of the percentage of the world’s languages that share that language’s feature value for each feature. Concentrating on languages represented by at least 100 features gives a… read more
Comrie, Bernard, Diana Forker and Zaira Khalilova 2016 Chapter 7. Insubordination in the Tsezic LanguagesInsubordination, Evans, Nicholas and Honoré Watanabe (eds.), pp. 171–182 | Article
The Tsezic languages present a number of prima facie instances of insubordination, given current definitions of this phenomenon. For the purposes of this chapter, we base ourselves on the definition provided by Evans (2007: 367): “[Insubordination is] the conventionalized main clause use of what,… read more
Comrie, Bernard 2015 From the Leipzig Glossing Rules to the GE and RX linesCorpus-based Studies of Lesser-described Languages: The CorpAfroAs corpus of spoken AfroAsiatic languages, Mettouchi, Amina, Martine Vanhove and Dominique Caubet (eds.), pp. 207–219 | Article
The Leipzig Glossing Rules ( were devised with a very specific purpose in mind, namely to standardize the notations used by linguists in order to present the morphological structure of example sentences in language structures unfamiliar to… read more
Comrie, Bernard 2013 Ergativity: Some recurrent themesThe Acquisition of Ergativity, Bavin, Edith L. and Sabine Stoll (eds.), pp. 15–34 | Article
The article examines four areas within ergativity that merit further consideration, including with respect to child language acquisition data: (1) syntactic alignment, including in particular the delimitation of semantic alignment from other kinds of alignment with lexical exceptions, and symmetric… read more
Cysouw, Michael and Bernard Comrie 2013 Some observations on typological features of hunter-gatherer languagesLanguage Typology and Historical Contingency: In honor of Johanna Nichols, Bickel, Balthasar, Lenore A. Grenoble, David A. Peterson and Alan Timberlake (eds.), pp. 383–394 | Article
The introduction of agriculture is a major event in human history, and this article offers a preliminary investigation into whether there might be structural features of language correlating with the distinction between languages spoken by hunter-gatherers and agriculturalists. A number of feature… read more
Comrie, Bernard 2012 IntroductionArgument Structure and Grammatical Relations: A crosslinguistic typology, Suihkonen, Pirkko, Bernard Comrie and Valery Solovyev (eds.), pp. xiii–xvi | Article
The alignment typology of ditransitive constructions with the verb ‘give’ in languages of Europe and Northern and Central Asia is overwhelmingly of the indirective type, although there are sporadic occurrences of double object and secundative alignment, usually as alternatives to indirective… read more
Comrie, Bernard and Zarina Estrada-Fernández 2012 IntroductionRelative Clauses in Languages of the Americas: A typological overview, Comrie, Bernard and Zarina Estrada-Fernández (eds.), pp. ix–xiv | Article
Kuteva, Tania and Bernard Comrie 2012 The evolution of language and elaborateness of grammar: The case of relative clauses in creole languagesRelative Clauses in Languages of the Americas: A typological overview, Comrie, Bernard and Zarina Estrada-Fernández (eds.), pp. 27–46 | Article
Starting from the assumption that creole languages present an opportunity for testing hypotheses on the evolution of complexity in language, we examine the number of markers used to construct relative clauses, more specifically in relativization on subjects. On the basis of a sample of 52 creole… read more
Comrie, Bernard 2011 Creoles and language typologyCreoles, their Substrates, and Language Typology, Lefebvre, Claire (ed.), pp. 599–611 | Article
The distinct social origin of creoles, along with pidgins and mixed languages, makes them a source of interest to typologists, given their interest in the cross-linguistic distribution of structural feature values. Typologists, like creolists before them, are interested in issues such as whether… read more
Comrie, Bernard 2010 TypologyVariation and Change: Pragmatic perspectives, Fried, Mirjam, Jan-Ola Östman and Jef Verschueren (eds.), pp. 234–238 | Article
Comrie, Bernard 2009 Maltese and the World Atlas of Language StructuresIntroducing Maltese Linguistics: Selected papers from the 1st International Conference on Maltese Linguistics, Bremen, 18–20 October, 2007, Comrie, Bernard, Ray Fabri, Elizabeth Hume, Manwel Mifsud, Thomas Stolz and Martine Vanhove (eds.), pp. 3–11 | Article
Comrie, Bernard 2008 Inflectional morphology and language contact, with special reference to mixed languagesLanguage Contact and Contact Languages, Siemund, Peter and Noemi Kintana (eds.), pp. 15–32 | Article
Kuteva, Tania and Bernard Comrie 2006 The typology of relative clause formation in African languagesStudies in African Linguistic Typology, Voeltz, F.K. Erhard (ed.), pp. 209–228 | Article
Comrie, Bernard 2004 5. Oblique-case subjects in TsezNon-nominative Subjects: Volume 1, Bhaskararao, Peri and Karumuri V. Subbarao (eds.), pp. 113 ff. | Chapter
Polinsky, Maria and Bernard Comrie 2003 Constraints on Reflexivization in TsezCurrent Trends in Caucasian, East European and Inner Asian Linguistics: Papers in honor of Howard I. Aronson, Holisky, Dee Ann and Kevin Tuite (eds.), pp. 265–289 | Article
Comrie, Bernard 2002 Participles in Tsez: An emergent word class?Complex Sentences in Grammar and Discourse: Essays in honor of Sandra A. Thompson, Bybee, Joan L. and Michael Noonan (eds.), pp. 19–30 | Article
Comrie, Bernard 2002 6. Morphophonological alternations: Typology and diachronyMorphology 2000: Selected papers from the 9th Morphology Meeting, Vienna, 24–28 February 2000, Bendjaballah, Sabrina, Wolfgang U. Dressler, Oskar E. Pfeiffer and Maria D. Voeikova (eds.), pp. 73–89 | Chapter
Horie, Kaoru and Bernard Comrie 2000 IntroductionComplementation: Cognitive and functional perspectives, Horie, Kaoru (ed.), pp. 1–10 | Chapter
Comrie, Bernard 1999 Relative clauses: Structure and typology on the periphery of standard EnglishThe Clause in English: In honour of Rodney Huddleston, Collins, Peter and David Lee (eds.), pp. 81 ff. | Article
Comrie, Bernard and Maria Polinsky 1999 Form and Function in Syntax: Relative clauses in TsezFunctionalism and Formalism in Linguistics: Volume II: Case studies, Darnell, Michael, Edith A. Moravcsik, Michael Noonan, Frederick J. Newmeyer and Kathleen Wheatley (eds.), pp. 77 ff. | Article
Polinsky, Maria and Bernard Comrie 1999 Possessor Raising in a Language that Does Not Have AnyExternal Possession, Payne, Doris L. and Immanuel Barshi (eds.), pp. 523 ff. | Article
Comrie, Bernard 1998 Regular Sound Correspondences and Long-Distance Genetic ComparisonNostratic: Sifting the Evidence, Salmons, Joseph C. and Brian D. Joseph (eds.), pp. 271 ff. | Article
Comrie, Bernard and Maria Polinsky 1998 The great Daghestan case coaxCase, Typology and Grammar: In honor of Barry J. Blake, Siewierska, Anna and Jae Jung Song (eds.), pp. 95 ff. | Article
Comrie, Bernard 1997 Review of Pagliuca (1994): Perspectives on GrammaticalizationDiachronica 14:1, pp. 163–166 | Review
Comrie, Bernard 1997 MarkednessHandbook of Pragmatics: 1996 Installment, Verschueren, Jef, Jan-Ola Östman, Jan Blommaert † and Chris Bulcaen (eds.), pp. 1–13 | Article
Comrie, Bernard 1997 Wehr, Barbara. SE-Diathese im ItalienischenStudies in Language 21:3, pp. 712–714 | Squib
Comrie, Bernard 1997 The Typology of Predicate Case MarkingEssays on Language Function and Language Type: Dedicated to T. Givón, Bybee, Joan L., John Haiman and Sandra A. Thompson (eds.), pp. 39 ff. | Article
Comrie, Bernard 1996 Some thoughts on being minimalTheoretical Linguistics and Grammatical Description: Papers in honour of Hans-Heinrich Lieb, Sackmann, Robin and Monika Budde (eds.), pp. 77–87 | Article
Comrie, Bernard 1995 Jazyki mira: Ural'skie jazykiStudies in Language 19:2, pp. 573–575 | Squib
Comrie, Bernard 1995 TypologyHandbook of Pragmatics: Manual, Verschueren, Jef, Jan-Ola Östman and Jan Blommaert † (eds.), pp. 551–553 | Article
Comrie, Bernard and Kaoru Horie 1995 Complement Clauses versus Relative Clauses: Some Khmer EvidenceDiscourse, Grammar and Typology: Papers in honor of John W.M. Verhaar, Abraham, Werner, T. Givón and Sandra A. Thompson (eds.), pp. 65 ff. | Article
Comrie, Bernard 1993 Some remarks on causatives and transitivity in HaruaiCausatives and Transitivity, Comrie, Bernard and Maria Polinsky (eds.), pp. 315 ff. | Article
Comrie, Bernard and Stephen Matthews 1990 Prolegomena to a typology of Tough MovementStudies in Typology and Diachrony: Papers presented to Joseph H. Greenberg on his 75th birthday, Croft, William A., Suzanne Kemmer and Keith Denning (eds.), pp. 43 ff. | Article
Comrie, Bernard 1989 Translatability and Language UniversalsUniversals of Language, Kefer, Michel and Johan van der Auwera (eds.), pp. 53–67 | Article
Comrie, Bernard 1988 ForewordTypology of Resultative Constructions: Translated from the original Russian edition (1983), Nedjalkov, Vladimir P. (ed.), pp. ix ff. | Miscellaneous
Comrie, Bernard 1988 Passive and voicePassive and Voice, Shibatani, Masayoshi (ed.), pp. 9 ff. | Article
Comrie, Bernard 1984 RussianInterrogativity: A colloquium on the grammar, typology and pragmatics of questions in seven diverse languages, Cleveland, Ohio, October 5th 1981-May 3rd 1982, Chisholm, William, Louis T. Milic and John A.C. Greppin (eds.), pp. 7 ff. | Article
Comrie, Bernard 1984 Why linguists need laguage acquirersLanguage Universals and Second Language Acquisition, Rutherford, William E. (ed.), pp. 11 ff. | Article
Comrie, Bernard 1979 Review of Dik (1978): Functional GrammarStudies in Language 3:2, pp. 267–276 | Review