Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr.

List of John Benjamins publications for which Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr. plays a role.


Book series


Mixing Metaphor

Edited by Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr.

Subjects Cognition and language | Cognitive linguistics | Theoretical linguistics
Subjects Cognition and language | Discourse studies | Pragmatics | Semantics


Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2022. Important challenges in the study of metaphors. Figurative Thought and Language in Action, Brdar, Mario and Rita Brdar-Szabó (eds.), pp. 19–36
The world of metaphor scholarship is amazingly diverse, involving a myriad of empirical methods and theoretical frameworks. This diversity is greatly appealing, given the enormous complexity of metaphorical thinking, language, and human action. This chapter identifies some challenges for metaphor… read more | Chapter
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2022. Metaphorical experience: Contiguity or cross-domain mappings?. Living Metaphors and Metonymies, Brdar, Mario and Rita Brdar-Szabó (eds.), pp. 7–32
This article examines whether metaphorical experiences are better characterized in terms of contiguity or cross-domain mappings. My claim is that many facets of concrete experience are infused with metaphoricity as part of our ordinary understanding of these events. Many source domains in… read more | Article
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2022. Looking for metaphor in the natural world. Figurativity and Human Ecology, Bagasheva, Alexandra, Bozhil Hristov and Nelly Tincheva (eds.), pp. 43–61
Metaphor in thought, language, and other expressive actions, emerges not just from the body (or culture) alone, but from humans acting in the natural world. Numerous natural world phenomena serve as source domains in many areas of metaphorical thinking and language use. This is not surprising… read more | Chapter
Okonski, Lacey, Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr. and Elaine Chen. 2020. Chapter 2. Metaphor in multimodal creativity. Performing Metaphoric Creativity across Modes and Contexts, Hidalgo-Downing, Laura and Blanca Kraljevic Mujic (eds.), pp. 19–42
This chapter describes the role that metaphor plays in multimodal creativity in several creative endeavors, specifically music, art, dance, and advertising. Many creative instances of metaphor performance rely on entrenched metaphorical concepts that get manifested in very specific, concrete ways… read more | Chapter
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. and Herbert L. Colston. 2019. What psycholinguistic studies ignore about literary experience. Scientific Study of Literature 9:1, pp. 72–103
Multiple decades of psycholinguistic research exploring people’s reading of different types of language has delivered much improved understanding of textual comprehension experience. Psycholinguistic studies have typically focused on a few cognitive and linguistic processes presumed to be central… read more | Article
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. and Elaine Chen. 2018. Metaphor and the automatic mind. Metaphor and the Social World 8:1, pp. 40–63
When people produce or understand verbal metaphors, and metaphoric gestures, do they do so automatically or with conscious deliberation? Metaphor scholars widely recognize that the answer to this question depends on several factors, including the specific kind of metaphor that was produced or… read more | Article
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W., Patrawat Samermit and Christopher R. Karzmark. 2018. Humor, irony, and the body. Issues in Humour Cognition, Dynel, Marta (ed.), pp. 72–96
Irony has traditionally been studied as a purely pragmatic phenomenon, one in which a speaker says one thing and means another, often by commenting on the contrast between expectation and reality. However, as cognitive linguists have discerned for many other aspects of language, much of the ways… read more | Article
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. and Patrawat Samermit. 2017. Chapter 2. How does irony arise in experience?. Irony in Language Use and Communication, Athanasiadou, Angeliki and Herbert L. Colston (eds.), pp. 43–60
How does irony arise in experience? Most studies of irony focus on the verbal expression of ironic meaning. Irony is typically viewed as a rhetorical tool used for indirect communication. But irony also emerges automatically in many nonlinguistic contexts. People often judge paradoxical situations… read more | Chapter
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2016. Introduction. Mixing Metaphor, Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. (ed.), pp. vii–xiv
Lonergan, Julia E. and Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr. 2016. Chapter 4. Tackling mixed metaphors in discourse: New corpus and psychological evidence. Mixing Metaphor, Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. (ed.), pp. 57–72
We offer an analysis of a small corpus of mixed metaphor excerpts taken from “The New Yorker” magazine’s column titled “Block That Metaphor!” (BTM). Our aim was to explore the main hypothesis that people interpret mixed metaphors as being meaningful and coherent because of their abilities to engage… read more | Article
Samermit, Patrawat and Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr. 2016. Humor, the body, and cognitive linguistics. Cognitive Linguistic Studies 3:1, pp. 32–49
This article argues that the relationship between humor and the body is far more complex, and less linear, than typically presumed in theories of humor. First, cognitive linguistic studies suggest that our folk concepts of humor are fundamentally embodied, as well as mostly metaphorical. Second,… read more | Article
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2015. The allegorical character of political metaphors in discourse. The political impact of metaphors, Perrez, Julien and Min Reuchamps (eds.), pp. 264–282
When people talk about politics, they often employ metaphors, sometimes in extended sequences, in which a metaphorical idea is referred to across a larger segment of discourse (e.g., talk about political debates as wars, boxing matches, or games of chess). Empirical studies from psychology indicate… read more | Article
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2014. Is a general theory of utterance interpretation really possible?. New Perspectives on Utterance Interpretation and Implicit Contents, Rossi, Daniela and Nicolas Ruytenbeek (eds.), pp. 19–44
How realistic is it to assume that psychologists, linguists, philosophers and others may someday be able to construct a general theory of utterance interpretation? Over the past 50 years, scholars have uncovered a tremendous amount about the processes and products of human language understanding.… read more | Article
Metaphoric thought is often viewed as a property of individual minds that is quite separate from people’s social, communicative actions with metaphoric language and gesture. My goal in this article is to argue that metaphoric cognition is fundamentally linked to human social activities. I defend… read more | Article
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W., Lacey Okonski and Miles Hatfield. 2013. Crazy creative metaphors: Crazy metaphorical minds?. Metaphorical creativity across modes, Hidalgo-Downing, Laura and Blanca Kraljevic Mujic (eds.), pp. 141–159
This article presents an analysis of public interviews with the American actor Charlie Sheen during a difficult time in his life when he appeared to be speaking and acting crazy. Sheen’s metaphoric descriptions of his life mostly referred to common conventional metaphoric concepts. However, closer… read more | Article
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2012. Chapter 16. Metaphors, snowflakes, and termite nests: How nature creates such beautiful things. Metaphor in Use: Context, culture, and communication, MacArthur, Fiona, José Luis Oncins-Martínez, Manuel Sánchez-García and Ana M. Piquer-Píriz (eds.), pp. 347–372
Metaphoric language is very much the product of human action, and many scholars now claim that metaphor in language arises from metaphors in thought. But the reasons for why we think metaphorically and speak (gesture) in these ways may be rooted in principles of self-organization that describe the… read more | Chapter
This study examined university students’ interpretations of a passage from the novel “The Anthologist” that notably described a poet’s career as his clinging onto an infinitely tall ladder leading up into the blinding blue. Understanding this excerpt requires readers to engage in “metaphor… read more | Article
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. and Nathaniel Clark. 2012. No need for instinct: Coordinated communication as an emergent self organized process. Culture – Language – Cognition, Dascal, Marcelo † (ed.), pp. 241–262
Language serves many purposes in our individual lives and our varied interpersonal interactions. Daniel Everett’s claim that language primarily emerges from an “interactional instinct” and not a classic “language instinct” gives proper weight to the importance of coordinated communication in… read more | Article
The scientific study of literature raises a number of critical issues on the best methods to explore how people create, interpreted and are affected by literature and other media. One approach that is widely employed in psychology is to assess the behaviors of groups of individuals in some task,… read more | Article
Some metaphor scholars have proposed that certain notable metaphorical expressions in speech and writing may have been deliberately composed, and quite consciously employed for their special rhetorical purposes. Deliberate metaphors are different from conventional ones, which are typically produced… read more | Article
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. and Luciane Corrêa Ferreira. 2011. Do people infer the entailments of conceptual metaphors during verbal metaphor understanding?. Cognitive Linguistics: Convergence and Expansion, Brdar, Mario, Stefan Th. Gries and Milena Žic Fuchs (eds.), pp. 221–236
One of the central claims of conceptual metaphor theory is that metaphorical mappings from source to target domains express a rich set of correspondences or entailments. We present the results of a psychological experiment that suggests people can recognize certain metaphorical inferences about a… read more | Article
The study of linguistic pragmatics is always caught in the wonderful tension between seeking broad human pragmatic abilities and showing the subtle ways that communication is dependent on specific people and social situations. These different foci on areas of stability and variability in linguistic… read more | Article
This chapter provides a brief overview of the many intellectual accomplishments of real-world metaphor scholars during the past ten years, and offers my personal speculations about the course of future research on metaphor in the real world. I pay particular attention to methodological advances and… read more | Article
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2008. Metaphor and gesture: Some implications for psychology. Metaphor and Gesture, Cienki, Alan and Cornelia Müller (eds.), pp. 291–301
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2007. Review of McNeill ((2005)): Gesture & thought. Gesture 7:2, pp. 255–262
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2007. Why cognitive linguists should care more about empirical methods. Methods in Cognitive Linguistics, Gonzalez-Marquez, Monica, Irene Mittelberg, Seana Coulson and Michael J. Spivey (eds.), pp. 2–18
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2007. Experiential tests of figurative meaning construction. Aspects of Meaning Construction, Radden, Günter, Klaus-Michael Köpcke, Thomas Berg and Peter Siemund (eds.), pp. 19–32
One of the major claims of recent cognitive linguistics research is that metonymy constitutes a fundamental scheme of human cognition and is not just a rhetorical device employed for specific communicative purposes. The work of Klaus-Uwe Panther and others has suggested that certain metonymies are… read more | Article
Research on the pragmatics of irony focuses on verbal irony use or on people’s ironic conceptualizations of external events. But people sometimes experience irony within themselves whenever conscious attempts to accomplish something (e.g., fall asleep, quit smoking, not think of a failed… read more | Article
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2007. Review of Pfeifer & Bongard (2007): How the Body Shapes the Way We Think: A New View of Intelligence. Mechanicism and Autonomy: What Can Robotics Teach Us About Human Cognition and Action?, Quilici Gonzalez, Maria Eunice, Willem F.G. Haselager and Itiel E. Dror (eds.), pp. 610–614
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 2006. Introspection and cognitive linguistics: Should we trust our own intuitions?. Annual Review of Cognitive Linguistics: Volume 4, Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez, Francisco José (ed.), pp. 135–151
Cognitive linguists typically conduct their scholarship by relying upon their own intuitions about systematic patterns of language and what these may imply about the structure of human thought. But are linguists’ introspections reliable sources of evidence? Much work in contemporary cognitive… read more | Article
This paper discusses the debate over whether emotional expressions are spontaneous or intentional actions. We describe a variety of empirical evidence supporting these two possibilities. But we argue that the spontaneous-intentional distinction fails to explain the psychological dynamics of… read more | Article
Beitel, Dinara A., Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr. and Paul Sanders. 2001. The Embodied Approach to the Polysemy of the Spatial Preposition On. Polysemy in Cognitive Linguistics: Selected papers from the International Cognitive Linguistics Conference, Amsterdam, 1997, Cuyckens, Hubert and Britta E. Zawada (eds.), pp. 241 ff.
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. and Teenie Matlock. 2001. Psycholinguistic Perspectives on Polysemy. Polysemy in Cognitive Linguistics: Selected papers from the International Cognitive Linguistics Conference, Amsterdam, 1997, Cuyckens, Hubert and Britta E. Zawada (eds.), pp. 213 ff.
Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. 1999. Speaking and Thinking with Metonymy. Metonymy in Language and Thought, Panther, Klaus-Uwe and Günter Radden (eds.), pp. 61 ff.
Steen, Gerard J. and Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr. 1999. Introduction. Metaphor in Cognitive Linguistics: Selected papers from the 5th International Cognitive Linguistics Conference, Amsterdam, 1997, Gibbs, Jr., Raymond W. and Gerard J. Steen (eds.), pp. 1 ff.