Spike Gildea

List of John Benjamins publications for which Spike Gildea plays a role.

Book series


Nonverbal Predication in Amazonian Languages

Edited by Simon E. Overall, Rosa Vallejos and Spike Gildea

[Typological Studies in Language, 122] 2018. vi, 407 pp.
Subjects Languages of South America | Semantics | Syntax | Theoretical linguistics | Typology

The Evolution of Argument Coding Patterns in South American Languages

Edited by Antoine Guillaume and Spike Gildea

Special issue of Journal of Historical Linguistics 8:1 (2018) v, 167 pp.
Subjects Historical linguistics

Diachronic Construction Grammar

Edited by Jóhanna Barðdal, Elena Smirnova, Lotte Sommerer and Spike Gildea

[Constructional Approaches to Language, 18] 2015. xi, 263 pp.
Subjects Cognition and language | Historical linguistics | Syntax | Theoretical linguistics

Ergativity in Amazonia

Edited by Spike Gildea and Francesc Queixalós

[Typological Studies in Language, 89] 2010. v, 319 pp.
Subjects Languages of South America | Morphology | Syntax | Theoretical linguistics | Typology
Subjects Historical linguistics | Typology


The term grammaticalization originally denoted a particular outcome of language change (lexis > morphology), then got expanded to practically all studies involving language change, the processes that create such changes, and a theory modeling these. These expansions have been challenged in the… read more | Article
Sapién, Racquel-María, Natalia Cáceres Arandia, Spike Gildea and Sérgio Meira. 2021. Chapter 3. Antipassive in the Cariban family. Antipassive: Typology, diachrony, and related constructions, Janic, Katarzyna and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich (eds.), pp. 65–96
To date, no published reference grammar of a Cariban language has described an antipassive construction. However, all languages of the family have a cognate verbal morpheme, termed detransitivizer, which prefixes to a transitive verb to derive an intransitive verb. While monovalent, the… read more | Chapter
Gildea, Spike. 2018. Chapter 14. Reconstructing the copulas and nonverbal predicate constructions in Cariban. Nonverbal Predication in Amazonian Languages, Overall, Simon E., Rosa Vallejos and Spike Gildea (eds.), pp. 365–402
This paper represents a first effort to characterize the different kinds of nonverbal predicate constructions in the Cariban family, to identify the functions served by copulas, and then to reconstruct the various attested copular forms to a limited number of source forms in Proto-Cariban. Given… read more | Chapter
Gildea, Spike and Antoine Guillaume. 2018. The evolution of argument coding patterns in South American languages. The Evolution of Argument Coding Patterns in South American Languages, Guillaume, Antoine and Spike Gildea (eds.), pp. 1–6
This special issue of JHL reconstructs the diachrony of a number of innovations in the coding of argument structure, particularly in the domain of verbal indexation, in four Amazonian language families (Chapacuran, Sáliban, Tukanoan and Tupi). It is one result of an international workshop on… read more | Introduction
Gildea, Spike and Joana Jansen. 2018. Chapter 4. The development of referential hierarchy effects in Sahaptian. Typological Hierarchies in Synchrony and Diachrony, Cristofaro, Sonia and Fernando Zúñiga (eds.), pp. 129–190
Sahaptin and Nez Perce, the two languages of the Sahaptian family, have both been cited as case studies in the typological literature on hierarchical patterns in main clause grammar. Nez Perce has ergative case marking on only third person singular transitive subjects, plus a minor pattern of… read more | Chapter
Overall, Simon E., Rosa Vallejos and Spike Gildea. 2018. Chapter 1. Nonverbal predication in Amazonia: Typological and diachronic considerations. Nonverbal Predication in Amazonian Languages, Overall, Simon E., Rosa Vallejos and Spike Gildea (eds.), pp. 1–50
Barðdal, Jóhanna and Spike Gildea. 2015. Diachronic Construction Grammar: Epistemological context, basic assumptions and historical implications. Diachronic Construction Grammar, Barðdal, Jóhanna, Elena Smirnova, Lotte Sommerer and Spike Gildea (eds.), pp. 1–50
The main goal of this chapter is to discuss the value of the Construction Grammar framework to solving perceived problems with diachronic syntax. As such, one part of this chapter provides a condensed review of previous research in diachronic syntax, including a brief discussion of why many… read more | Article
Gildea, Spike and Flávia Castro Alves. 2010. Nominative-absolutive: Counter-universal split ergativity in Jê and Cariban. Ergativity in Amazonia, Gildea, Spike and Francesc Queixalós (eds.), pp. 159–200
Nominative-absolutive alignment is a form of split-ergativity in two ways. The first split is internal to the clause type, which presents both nominative and absolutive morphological patterns with no corresponding accusative or ergative patterns: most present no nominal case-marking (although in… read more | Article
Queixalós, Francesc and Spike Gildea. 2010. Manifestations of ergativity in Amazonia. Ergativity in Amazonia, Gildea, Spike and Francesc Queixalós (eds.), pp. 1–26
Two synchronic tense-marking auxiliaries in Panare are derived etymologically from demonstrative pronouns. The original pronouns differed in spatial deixis, one marking proximate ('this'), the other distal ('that'). They came to be required between predicate noun and subject in predicate nominal… read more | Article