This paper investigates metonymies for person in Chinese and English in the
framework of Cognitive Linguistics with an emphasis on cross-linguistic variation.
Our central goal is to highlight the important role of cultural elements on
the use of metonymy. Three main types of cross-linguistic variation were found
at different degrees of granularities of metonymies: variation in metonymic patterns
for the general target category person, variation in metonymic patterns
for a specific kind of person, and variation in metonymic sources in a specific
pattern. The variation was examined against its cultural background, and we
conclude that some cross-linguistic differences are to a large extent rooted in
culturally relevant factors. The findings suggest that although bodily experience
as the general cognitive basis for metonymic pattern/source selection implies
the universality of metonymies across different languages, cultural elements
contribute to the language-specific preferences for metonymies of a given target.
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Cited by 4 other publications
Imamović, Adisa & Anela Mulahmetović Ibrišimović
2015. Some conceptual and grammatical properties of body part metonymies in English and Bosnian. ExELL 3:1 ► pp. 26 ff.
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