Article published in:Revista Española de Lingüística Aplicada/Spanish Journal of Applied Linguistics
Vol. 30:1 (2017) ► pp. 210–239
An exploratory study of complementary contrastive discourse constructions in English
This paper studies the fundamental characteristics of a subgroup of members of the family of complementary-contrastive discourse constructions in English. Following Ruiz de Mendoza and Gómez-González (2014) by discourse constructions this article refers to form-meaning pairings capturing relational meaning such as addition, exemplification, contrast, etc. grounded in high-level cognitive models. A discourse construction (e.g., X Let Alone Y; cf. Fillmore, Kay, & O’Connor, 1988), generally consists of a fixed part and two variables, where the fixed part is a connector (a discourse marker or a conjunction). The constructions under scrutiny indicate a relation between two elements or situations in the world that are opposites but not exclusive of each other. Many of the members of this constructional family have frequently been treated as fully interchangeable in standard lexicographic practice. By contrast, this paper argues that each of these constructions introduces small but decisive changes in focal structure, resulting in important differences in meaning. Taking this evidence into account, the paper specifies the cases where one construction is used with preference over the others.
Keywords: discourse constructions, complementary contrast, construction grammar, active zone, profile
Keywords: construcciones discursivas, contraste complementario, gramática de construcciones, zona activa, perfil
This article is currently available as a sample article.
Published online: 23 November 2017
Baicchi, A., & Ruiz de Mendoza, F. J.
Butler, C. S., & Gonzálvez-García, F.
Del Campo, N.
Fillmore, C. J., Kay, P., & O’Connor, M. C.
Galera, A., & Ruiz de Mendoza, F. J.
Goldberg, A. E., & Jackendoff, R.
Halliday, M. A. K.
Hannay, M., Martínez Caro, E., & Mackenzie, J. L.
Iza Erviti, A.
Lakoff, G.[ p. 238 ]
Mairal, R., & Ruiz de Mendoza, F. J.
Panther, K. U., & Thornburg, L.
Pérez Hernández, L.
Ruiz de Mendoza, F. J., & Baicchi, A.
Ruiz de Mendoza, F. J., & Gómez-González, M. A.
Sperber, D., & Wilson, D.
The British national corpus, version 3 (BNC XML Edition)
2007 Distributed by Oxford University Computing Services on behalf of the BNC Consortium. URL: http://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/
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