Article published in:Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 10: Selected papers from 'Going Romance' 28, Lisbon
Edited by Ernestina Carrilho, Alexandra Fiéis, Maria Lobo and Sandra Pereira
[Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 10] 2016
► pp. 139–170
Yes/no interrogatives and focus in Sardinian
In this article, I analyze several structures used to form yes/no questions in Sardinian within a cartographic generative framework. The leading hypothesis (building on previous work) is that the standard yes/no question device is based on the activation of FocP (see Rizzi 1997 et seqq.). Whereas two mechanisms (involving fronting to the left periphery) are already quite well known, the syntactic properties of a third type, formed with the element ite (originally meaning ‘what’), are described for the first time, based on the inquiry of speakers. I show that ite is also located in FocP, similar to the question particle a, though it functions quite differently. The final analysis challenges the view that Int(errogative)P is universally needed to license yes/no questions; it seems instead that in Sardinian IntP is available in a very limited way and subject to specific conditions, which are also addressed in the article.
Keywords: clause typing, FocP, focus, interrogative particles, IntP, optionality, Sardinian, special questions, yes/no questions
Published online: 08 December 2016
Aboh, Enoch O., and Roland Pfau
ASIt Atlante Sintattico d’Italia, http://asit.maldura.unipd.it/, last consulted June 6, 2015.
2009 “Focus fronting in the layered structure of the clause.” Paper presented at the 10th International Conference on Role and Reference Grammar (RRG 2009), Berkley, http://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/~vanvalin/rrg/RRG09/Bentley%20Focus%20fronting%20_LSC_ho.pdf, last consulted September 24, 2015.
2010 “Focus fronting in the layered structure of the clause.” In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Role and Reference Grammar (RRG 2009) , ed. by Wataru Nakamura, 4–27, http://linguistics.buffalo.edu/people/faculty/vanvalin/rrg/ProceedingsofRRG2009_02.pdf, last consulted September 24, 2015.
Bianchi, Valentina, Giuliano Bocci, and Silvio Cruschina
Blasco Ferrer, Eduardo
Cardinaletti, Anna, and Lori Repetti
Costa, João, and Ana Maria Martins
2007 “Marking Yes/No Questions.” Paper presented at CIDSM 2, University of Cambridge, January 26–27, 2007.
Cruschina, Silvio, and Eva-Maria Remberger
Damonte, Federico, and Jacopo Garzonio
Giurgea, Ion, and Eva-Maria Remberger
Gutzmann, Daniel, and Elena Castroviejo Miró
2011 “The dimensions of verum.” In Empirical Issues in Syntax and Semantics 8, ed. by Olivier Bonami, and Patricia Cabredo-Hofherr, 143–165, http://www.cssp.cnrs.fr/eiss8/, last consulted February 6, 2016.
Höhle, Tilman N
2011 “VP-Fronting in Sardinian: A Structural Paradox.” University of Essex Reseacrch Repository, http://repository.essex.ac.uk/7187, last consulted February 6, 2016.
2009 “Remarks on focus structure and non-specificity.” In Definiteness and DP Structure in Romance Languages (=Arbeitspapier 124), ed. by María Teresa Espinal, Manuel Leonetti, and Louise McNally, 83–111. Universität Konstanz, http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-opus-100075, last consulted February 6, 2016.
2010 “Special Questions in the context of the left periphery in Sardinian (I).” Paper presented at the Journées d’études “Questions spéciales” , Paris, CNRS, March, 12, 2010.
2012 “Anmerkungen zur sardischen Syntax anhand des Vivaio Acustico delle Lingue e dei Dialetti d’Italia (VIVALDI).” In (Das) DISKRETE TATENBUCH. Digitale Festschrift für DIETER KATTENBUSCH zum 60. Geburtstag, ed. by Carola Köhler, and Fabio Tosques. Berlin: Humboldt Universität, http://www2.hu-berlin.de/festschrift-kattenbusch/mensching-sardisch-syntax.html, last consulted September 13, 2015.
Mensching, Guido, and Eva-Maria Remberger
2010a “La periferia sinistra romanza: topicalizzazione, focalizzazione e interrogazione in sardo.” In Actes du XXVe Congrès International de Linguistique et de Philologie Romanes, Innsbruck, 3-8 septembre 2007, ed. by Maria Iliescu, Heidi Siller-Runggaldier, and Paul Danler, vol. 7, 189–197. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter.
Poletto, Cecilia, and Jean Yves Pollock
RAS 2006 = Regione Autonoma della Sardegna 2006 Limba Sarda Comuna. Norme linguistiche di riferimento a carattere sperimentale per la lingua scritta dell’Amministrazione regionale, http://www.regione.sardegna.it/documenti/1_72_20060418160308.pdf, last consulted Feb-ruary 6, 2016.
Romero, Maribel, and Chung-hye Han
2002 “Verum focus in negative yes/no questions and Ladd’s p /¬p ambiguity.” In Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory , vol. 12, 204–224. Ithaca, NY: CLC Publications.
Vanrell, María del Mar, Francesc Ballone, Carlo Schirru, and Pilar Prieto
2014 “Intonation and its interfaces in Sardinian polar questions.” Loquens 1, http://loquens.revistas.csic.es/index.php/loquens/article/viewArticle/19, last consulted February 6, 2016.
VIVALDI Vivaio Acustico delle Lingue e dei Dialetti d’Italia ed. by Dieter Kattenbusch Berlin Humboldt-Universität http://www2.hu-berlin.de/vivaldi/ last consulted November 2, 2015