Chapter published in:Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 13: Selected papers from ‘Going Romance’ 29, Nijmegen
Edited by Janine Berns, Haike Jacobs and Dominique Nouveau
[Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 13] 2018
► pp. 159–175
Exploring sociolinguistic discontinuity in a minority variety of French
In a language spoken in a minority setting, sociolinguistic variation is often reduced. This paper examines rhythm in Ontario French and explores the presence and extent of such variation. Text readings and spontaneous samples from men and women of two age groups are compared, and the following rhythmic aspects are examined: articulation rate, syllabic structure and typology, length of a stress group, syllable and vowel duration ratios within a stress group, and phonetic rhythm (using nPVI-V, VarcoV, and %V metrics). The results suggest that style and social factors affect rate and rhythmicity but do not interact: all participants articulated more slowly when reading; also, women and older participants demonstrated a more French-like rhythm, while younger participants appeared converging to English.
Published online: 13 July 2018
Avanzi, Mathieu, Nicolas Obin, Guri Bordal and Alice Bardiaux
Bertinetto, Pier Marco
Boersma, Paul, and David Weenink
2015 PRAAT: Doing Phonetics by Computer. Accessed from www.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat
Cichocki, Wladyslaw, and Daniel Lepetit
Cumming, Ruth E.
Dauer, Rebecca M.
Durand, Jacques, Bernard Laks and Chantal Lyche
Giordano, Rosa, and Leandro D’Anna
2010 “A comparison of rhythm metrics in different speaking styles and in fifteen regional varieties of Italian”. Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2010. http://speechprosody2010.illinois.edu/papers/100826.pdf
Grabe, Esther, and Ee Low
Hoequist, Charles E.
Howell, Peter, and Karima Kadi-Hanifi
Jun, Sun-Ah and Cécile Fougeron
2015b “Tonal Patterns, Associations and Alignment of Peaks in Regional French”. WORD 60 (1): 101–140. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00437956.2015.1033174 doi:
Kaminskaïa, Svetlana, Jeff Tennant and Alexander Russell
Laan, Gitta P.M.
Low, Ee Ling, Esther Grabe and Francis Nolan
2011 Rhythm Typology: Acoustic and Perceptive Studies. Ph.D. dissertation, Università degli Studi di Torino. http://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/65/42/61/PDF/MairanoPaolo_These.pdf
Milroy Lesley, and Matthew Gordon
Mougeon, Raymond, and Edouard Béniak
Mougeon, Raymond, and Terri Nadasdi
Obin, Nicolas, Mathieu Avanzi, Guri Bordal and Alice Bardiaux
2012 “Regional variations of speech rhythm in French: In search of lost times”. In Proceedings of Speech Prosody 6 (May 22–25 2012), ed. by Quiuwu Ma, Hongwei Ding and Daniel Hirst, http://sprosig.isle.illinois.edu/sp2012/uploadfiles/file/sp2012_submission_224.pdf
Poiré, François, and Stephanie Kelly
Prieto, Pilar, Maria del Mar Vanrell, Lluïsa Astruc, Elinor Payne and Brechtje Post
Ramus, Franck, Marina Nespor and Jacques Mehler
Russo, Michela, and Willam J. Barry
2008 “Isochrony reconsidered: Objectifying relations between rhythm measures and speech tempo”. Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2008, http://sprosig.isle.illinois.edu/sp2008/papers/id052.pdf
Schwab Sandra, and Mathieu Avanzi
Schwab Sandra, and Isabelle Racine
Statistics Canada Census
Tennant, Jeff, and Ruth King
2007 “Le rythme dans le français parlé de Terre-Neuve et de l’Île-du Prince-Édouard”. Paper presented at Journées PFC, University of Western Ontario, London (Ontario), July 2007.
Thomas, Erik R., and Phillip M. Carter