Chapter 17. Non-verbal predication and clitics in Aromanian
This paper discusses predicational structures in some Aromanian varieties which involve PP or AP predicates combining with the copula be. In these structures the internal argument and subject of be is cross-referenced by an accusative clitic, as long as it is 3rd person and a topic. However, Individual-Level APs typically resist cliticisation. We propose that the clitic is the spell-out of topic and gender/number features available in Stage-Level predicates only (a spatio-temporal argument à la Kratzer 1995), with which the subject agrees, before agreeing with T. We argue that this structural property captures the restriction to Stage-Level predicate subject topics, the person restriction, and also the fact that the clitic behaves like a direct object clitic morphosyntactically.
Keywords: stage level predicates, subject topics, individual level predicates, split-person ergative marking, Aromanian, differential object marking, Romance, nonverbal predication, clitics