Chapter published in:Perspectives on Arabic Linguistics XXXII: Papers selected from the Annual Symposium on Arabic Linguistics, Tempe, Arizona, 2018
Edited by Elly van Gelderen
[Studies in Arabic Linguistics 9] 2020
► pp. 35–53
What triggers 'imāla
Focus on a Palestinian variety with phonological analysis
'imāla is a term used to describe the raising of the low vowel /a/ to [e] or [i], a feature of several Arabic dialects, including Levantine varieties where conditional raising occurs. This paper discusses various issues related to final 'imāla focusing on a Palestinian dialect. Final 'imāla typically affects the feminine marker suffix /-a/ in nouns and adjectives (the equivalent of tā marbūtˤa in Standard Arabic). Some of the issues to be discussed concern consonants that block 'imāla and their phonological features, the exceptional classes of colors and mental/physical challenges, and the lack of 'imāla to loanwords. One important observation is that short nouns whose consonantal roots start with a /w/, such as [s ʕ if-a] ‘characteristic’ and [hib-a] ‘gift’, systematically fail to undergo 'imāla. Phonological analyses will be given.
Keywords: 'imāla, raising, feature geometry, feminine suffix, morphosemantic class, loanwords, Palestinian Arabic
Published online: 28 August 2020
Abu Elhija Mahajna, D.
2020 On the realization of the glottal stop in Sudanese Arabic. Paper presented at the 34th Annual Symposium on Arabic Linguistics, University of Arizona, Tucson, February 28-March 1.
Al-Wer, E., Horesh, U., Herin, B., & Fanis, M.
Cotter, W. M.
Cotter, W., & Horesh, U.
Durand, E. P.
Grano, T. & Davis, S.
Haspelmath, M. & Sims, A.
Khalafallah, A. A.
Shachmon, O., & Faust, N.
Sībawayhi, Kitāb =ʾAbū Bišr ʿAmr ibn ʿUṯmān Sībawayhi, al-Kitāb
Younes, M. A.