Article published in:Grammatical Change in English World-Wide
Edited by Peter Collins
[Studies in Corpus Linguistics 67] 2015
► pp. 65–86
Do-support in early New Zealand and Australian English
Currently, do-support is obligatory with most lexical verbs in negation and questions. At the end of the 19th century it was still variable, in particular with verbs of the so-called know-group. Research on change in British and American English additionally reveals a marked regional difference in the spread of do-support with the lexical verb have. The current study uses corpus evidence to verify whether the two southern-hemisphere varieties, in the second half of the 19th century, followed the British model or whether there were signs of divergence in this area of grammar. The focus is on negation and variable do-support with the lexical verb have. The general picture is one of parallel development, with only minimal differences between the four varieties. Keywords: do-support; differential change; Late Modern English
Published online: 24 February 2015
Biber, Douglas, Finegan, Edward & Atkinson, Dwight
1994 ARCHER and its challenges: Compiling and exploring a representative corpus of historical English registers. In Creating and Using English Language Corpora: Papers from the Fourteenth International Conference on English Language Research and Computerized Corpora. Zürich 1993, Udo Fries, Gunnel Tottie & Peter Schneider (eds), 1–13. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Biber, Douglas, Johansson, Stig, Leech, Geoffrey, Conrad, Susan & Finegan, Edward
Fritz, Clemens W.A.
Huddleston, Rodney & Pullum, Geoffrey
Hundt, Marianne & Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt
Leech, Geoffrey, Hundt, Marianne, Mair, Christian & Smith, Nicholas
Peters, Pam, Collins, Peter & Smith, Adam
Quirk, Randolph, Greenbaum, Sidney, Leech, Geoffrey & Svartvik, Jan
Tieken-Boon van Ostade, Ingrid
Trudgill, Peter, Nevalainen, Terttu & Wischer, Ilse
Turner, George W.
Valera Pérez, José Ramón
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