Chapter published in:Lexical Priming: Applications and advances
Edited by Michael Pace-Sigge and Katie J. Patterson
[Studies in Corpus Linguistics 79] 2017
► pp. 94–118
Can lexical priming be detected in conversation turn-taking strategies?
Turn-taking strategies in spoken communication have been widely researched and discussed in recent literature (see, e.g. McCarthy, 1998; Myers 2009; Archer et al. 2012). Moving on from the non prosodic, non-lexical pointers (cf. Yngve 1970; Duncan Jr. 1972), corpus-based research has focussed on lexical items (see McCarthy 1998; Tao 2003; Myers 2009; Evison 2012).Following the tenets of psychological priming that form the basis of Hoey’s lexical priming theory (2005), some kind of trigger item should be in evidence, showing a listener that a turn is given up. Consequently, recognisable turn-final and turn-initial lexical items – as well as evidence of speaker alignment – should be in evidence. This chapter will describe (a) some salient signals used that become apparent when monologues are directly compared with dialogues; and (b) highly frequent (sets of) words found employed in conversational exchanges. Consequently, an argument will be made that language users appear to be primed in their turn-taking word choices to follow a structured, recognisable pattern, thus facilitating fluency in their conversation.
Published online: 14 August 2017
Archer, D., Aijmer, K. & Wichmann, A.
Duncan Jr., S.
1981 Conversational strategies. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 364: 144–151. Issue The Clever Hans Phenomenon: Communication with Horses, Whales, Apes, and People . onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nyas.1981.364.issue-1/issuetoc (5 October 2015).
2012 A corpus linguistic analysis of turn-openings in spoken academic discourse: Understanding discursive specialisation. English Profile Journal 3(4). journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S2041536212000049> (5 October 2015).
Gabrielatos, C., Torgersen, E., Hoffmann, S. & Fox, S.
Gómez González, M.
Howes, C., Healy, P. & Purver, M.
2010 Tracking lexical and syntactic alignment in conversation. In Proceedings of the Twenty-fifth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2010), Portland, Oregon. 〈mindmodeling.org/cogsci2010/papers/0484/paper0484.pdf〉 (9 October 2015).
Mehler, A., Lücking, A. & Weiß, P.
O’Keeffe, A., McCarthy, M. & Carter, R.
Sacks, H., Schegloff, E.A. & Jefferson, G.
2011 Shared experiences, shared representations, and the implications for applied natural language processing. In Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, 210– 215. 〈www.researchgate.net/publication/221439080_Shared_Experiences_Shared_Representations_and_the_Implications_for_Applied_Natural_Language_Processing〉 (9 October 2015).
1970 On getting a word in edgewise. In Papers from the 6th Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society , April 16–18, Robert I. Binnick (ed.). Chicago IL: CLS.