Aaron, J. E., & Torres Cacoullos, R.
(2005) Quantitative measures of subjectification: A variationist study of Spanish salir(se) . Cognitive Linguistics, 16, 607–633.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ariel, M.
(1988) Referring and accessibility. Journal of Linguistics, 24, 65–87.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2000) The development of person agreement markers: From pronouns to higher accessiblity markers. In M. Barlow & S. Kemmer (Eds.), Usage based models of language (pp. 197–260). Stanford, CA: CSLI.Google Scholar
Bayley, R., & Pease-Alvarez, L.
(1997) Null pronoun variation in Mexican-descent children's narrative discourse. Language Variation and Change, 9, 349–371.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Benevento, N., & Dietrich, A.
(2015) I think, therefore digo yo: Variable position of the 1sg subject pronoun in New Mexican Spanish-English code-switching. International Journal of Bilingualism, 19, 407–422.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bentivoglio, P.
(1987) Los sujetos pronominales de primera persona en el habla de Caracas. Caracas: Universidad Central de Venezuela.Google Scholar
Benveniste, É.
(1971) Problems in General Linguistics (M. E. Meek trans.). Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press.Google Scholar
Bickel, B., Witzlack-Makarevich, A., Zakharko, T., & Iemmolo, G.
(2015) Exploring diachronic universals of agreement: Alignment patterns and zero marking across person categories. In J. R. Fleischer, E. Rieken, & P. Widmer (Eds.), Agreement from a diachronic perspective (pp. 29–51). Berlin: De Gruyter.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bybee, J.
(1985) Morphology: A study of the relation between meaning and form. Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cameron, R.
(1992) Pronominal and null subject variation in Spanish: Constraints, dialects, and functional compensation (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania).Google Scholar
(1995) The scope and limits of switch reference as a constraint on pronominal subject expression. Hispanic Linguistics, 6–7, 1–27.Google Scholar
Carvalho, A. M., Orozco, R., & Shin, N. L.
(2015) Introduction. In A. M. Carvalho, R. Orozco, & N. L. Shin (Eds.), Subject pronoun expression in Spanish: A cross-dialectal perspective (pp. xiii–xxvi). Georgetown, DC: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
Chafe, W.
(1994) Discourse, consciousness and time: The flow and displacement of conscious experience in speaking and writing. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Claes, J.
(2011) ¿Constituyen las Antillas y el Caribe continental una sola zona dialectal? Datos de la variable expresión del sujeto pronominal en San Juan de Puerto Rico y Barranquilla, Colombia. Spanish in Context , 8, 191–212.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Croft, W.
(1995) Intonation units and grammatical structure. Linguistics, 33, 839–882.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dahl, Ö.
(2000) Egophoricity in discourse and syntax. Functions of Language, 7, 37–77.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2008) Animacy and egophoricity: Grammar, ontology and phylogeny. Lingua, 118, 141–150.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Davidson, B.
(1996) 'Pragmatic weight' and Spanish subject pronouns: The pragmatic and discourse uses of and yo in spoken Madrid Spanish. Journal of Pragmatics, 26, 543–565.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
DeLancey, S.
(1981) An interpretation of split ergativity and related patterns. Language, 57, 626–657.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Du Bois, J. W., Schuetze-Coburn, S., Cumming, S., & Paolino, D.
(1993) Outline of discourse transcription. In J. Edwards & M. Lampert (Eds.), Talking data: Transcription and coding in discourse (pp. 45–89). Hillsdale, MI: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Dumont, J.
(2016) Third person references: Forms and functions in two spoken genres of Spanish. Amsterdam/Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Company.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Enríquez, E. V.
(1984) El pronombre personal sujeto en la lengua española hablada en Madrid. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Instituto Miguel de Cervantes.Google Scholar
Erker, D., & Guy, G. R.
(2012) The role of lexical frequency in syntactic variability: Variation subject personal pronoun expression in Spanish. Language, 88, 526–557.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ewing, M. C.
(2014) Motivations for first and second person subject expression and ellipsis in Javanese conversation. Journal of Pragmatics, 63, 48–62.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Givón, T.
(1983) Topic continuity in discourse: An introduction. In T. Givón (Ed.), Topic continuity in discourse: A quantitative cross-linguistic study (pp. 1–41). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Gudmestad, A., House, L., & Geeslin, K.
(2013) What a Bayesian analysis can do for SLA: New tools for the sociolinguistic study of subject expression in L2 Spanish. Language Learning, 63, 371–399.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Haiman, J., & Munro, P.
(1983) Introduction. Switch reference and universal grammar: Proceedings of a symposium on switch reference and universal grammar (pp. ix–xv). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Helasvuo, M. -L.
(2014) Searching for motivations for grammatical patternings. Pragmatics, 24, 453–476.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jia, L., & Bayley, R.
(2002) Null pronoun variation in Mandarin Chinese. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, 8, 103–116.Google Scholar
Koban, D.
(2011) Continuity of feference and subject personal pronoun variation in the Turkish spoken in Turkey and in New York City. Australian Journal of Linguistics, 31, 351–389.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Labov, W.
(1972) Sociolinguistic patterns. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
(2004) Quantitative reasoning in linguistics. In U. Ammon, N. Dittmar, K. J. Mattheier, & P. Trudgill (Eds.), Sociolinguistics/Soziolinguistik: An international handbook of the science of language and society, vol. 1 (pp. 6–22). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Lastra, Y., & Butragueño, P. M.
(2015) Subject pronoun expression in oral Mexican Spanish. In A. M. Carvalho, R. Orozco, & N. L. Shin (Eds.), Subject pronoun expression in Spanish: A cross-dialectal perspective (pp. 39–57). Georgetown, DC: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
Lee, D. -Y., & Yonezawa, Y.
(2008) The role of the overt expression of first and second person subject in Japanese. Journal of Pragmatics, 40, 733–767.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Levinson, S. C.
(1987) Pragmatics and the grammar of anaphora: A partial pragmatic reduction of binding and control phenomena. Journal of Linguistics, 23, 379–434.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mayol, L.
(2010) Contrastive pronouns in null subject Romance languages. Lingua, 120, 2497–2514.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McKee, R., Schembri, A., McKee, D., & Johnston, T.
(2011) Variable “subject” presence in Australian Sign Language and New Zealand Sign Language. Language Variation and Change, 23, 375–398.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Meyerhoff, M.
(2009) Replication, transfer, and calquing: Using variation as a tool in the study of language contact. Language Variation and Change, 21, 297–317.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Morales, A.
(1986) Gramáticas en contacto: Análisis sintáctico sobre el español de Puerto Rico. San Juan: Editorial Playor.Google Scholar
Myhill, J.
(2005) Quantitative methods of discourse analysis. In R. Köhler, G. Altmann, & R. Piotrowski (Eds.), Quantitive linguistik: Ein internationales handbuch (pp. 471–497). Berlin/New York, NY: Walter de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Nagy, N., Aghdasi, N., Denis, D., & Motut, A.
(2011) Null subjects in heritage languages: Contact effects in a cross-linguistic context. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, 17, 135–144.Google Scholar
Orozco, R.
(2015) Pronominal variation in Colombian Costeño Spanish. In A. M. Carvalho, R. Orozco, & N. L. Shin (Eds.), Subject pronoun expression in Spanish: A cross-dialectal perspective (pp. 17–37). Georgetown, DC: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
Otheguy, R.
(2002) Saussurean anti-nomenclaturism in grammatical analysis: A comparative theoretical perspective. In W. Reid, R. Otheguy, & N. Stern (Eds.), Signal, Meaning, and Message: Perspectives on sign-based linguistics (pp. 373–403). Amsterdam/Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Company.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Otheguy, R., & Zentella, A. C.
(2012) Spanish in New York: Language contact, dialect levelling, and structural continuity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Otheguy, R., Zentella, A. C., & Livert, D.
(2007) Language and dialect contact in Spanish of New York: Toward the formation of a speech community. Language, 83, 770–802.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Owens, J., Dodsworth, R., & Kohn, M.
(2013) Subject expression and discourse embeddedness in Emirati Arabic. Language Variation and Change, 25, 255–285.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Paredes Silva, V. L.
(1993) Subject omission and functional compensation: Evidence from written Brazilian Portuguese. Language Variation and Change, 5, 35–49.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Parkinson, D. B.
(1987) Constraints on the presence/absence of 'optional' subject pronouns in Egyptian Arabic. 15th Annual Conference on New Ways of Analyzing Variation, 348–360.Google Scholar
Payne, T. E.
(1997) Describing morphosyntax: A guide to field linguists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Poplack, S.
(2001) Variability, frequency, and productivity in the irrealis domain in French. In J. Bybee & P. J. Hopper (Eds.), Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure (pp. 405–428). Amsterdam/Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Posio, P.
(2013) The expression of first-person-singular subjects in spoken Peninsular Spanish and European Portuguese: Semantic roles and formulaic sequences. Folia Linguistica, 47, 253–291.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2015) Subject pronoun usage in formulaic sequences: Evidence from Peninsular Spanish. In A. M. Carvalho, R. Orozco, & N. L. Shin (Eds.), Subject pronoun expression in Spanish: A cross-dialectal perspective (pp. 59–78). Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
Prince, E. F.
(1981) Toward a taxonomy of given-new information. In P. Cole (Ed.), Radical pragmatics (pp. 223–255). New York, NY: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Ranson, D. L.
(1991) Person marking in the wake of /s/ deletion in Andalusian Spanish. Language Variation and Change, 3, 133–152.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sankoff, D.
(1988) Sociolinguistics and syntactic variation. In F. Newmeyer (Ed.), Linguistics: The Cambridge survey (Vol. 4, Language: The socio-cultural context) (pp. 140–161). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Scheibman, J.
(2001) Local patterns of subjectivity in person and verb type in American English conversation. In J. Bybee & P. J. Hopper (Eds.), Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure (pp. 61–89). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Serrano, M. J.
(2014) El sujeto y la subjetividad: Variación del pronombre ‘yo’ en géneros conversacionales y de los medios de comunicación del español de Canarias (‘The subject and the subjectivity: Variation of ‘yo’ in conversational and mass-media genres of Canarian Spanish). Revista Signos (Estudios de Lingüística), 47, 321–343.Google Scholar
Shin, N. L.
(2014) Grammatical complexification in Spanish in New York: 3sg pronoun expression and verbal ambiguity. Language Variation and Change, 26, 303–330.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Silva-Corvalán, C.
(1982) Subject expression and placement in Mexican-American Spanish. In J. Amastae & L. Elías Olivares (Eds.), Spanish in the United States: Sociolinguistic aspects (pp. 93–120). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Silveira, A. S.
(2011) Subject expression in Brazilian Portuguese: Construction and frequency effects (Doctoral dissertation, University of New Mexico).Google Scholar
Torres Cacoullos, R., & Travis, C. E.
(2018) Bilingualism in the community: Code-switching and grammars in contact. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
in press). Variationist typology: Shared probabilistic constraints across (non-)null subject languages. Linguistics.
Travis, C. E.
(2005) Discourse markers in Colombian Spanish: A study in polysemy. Berlin/New York, NY: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
(2007) Genre effects on subject expression in Spanish: Priming in narrative and conversation. Language Variation and Change, 19, 101–135.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Travis, C. E., & Lindstrom, A. M.
(2016) Different registers, different grammars? Subject expression in English conversation and narrative. Language Variation and Change, 28, 103–128.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Travis, C. E., & Torres Cacoullos, R.
(2012) What do subject pronouns do in discourse? Cognitive, mechanical and constructional factors in variation. Cognitive Linguistics, 23, 711–748.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 3 other publications

Cacoullos, Rena Torres & Catherine E. Travis
2021.  In English and Spanish,  pp. 287 ff. Crossref logo
Danae Perez, Marianne Hundt, Johannes Kabatek & Daniel Schreier
2021.  In English and Spanish, Crossref logo
Torres Cacoullos, Rena & Catherine E. Travis
2019. Variationist typology: Shared probabilistic constraints across (non-)null subject languages . Linguistics 57:3  pp. 653 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 01 april 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.