Chapter published in:Columbia School Linguistics in the 21st Century
Edited by Nancy Stern, Ricardo Otheguy, Wallis Reid and Jaseleen Sackler
[Studies in Functional and Structural Linguistics 77] 2019
► pp. 33–72
Using big data to support meaning hypotheses for some and any
This paper offers an original treatment of the grammatical forms some and any. Rather than seeing them as logical quantifiers, each sign constitutes an expressive device whose invariant meaning fully accounts for its distribution in English texts. A unique methodology that relies on qualitative analyses to produce large-scale quantitative predictions is laid out in detail. First, qualitative analyses of attested examples are shown to feature – alongside some or any – particular other forms that, by hypothesis, contribute to a similar element in the message as contributed by the sign under analysis. Then, quantitative predictions regarding the regularity of these co-occurrences are tested in the Corpus of Contemporary American English. This methodology has led to the discovery of numerous distributional peculiarities that are noted here – and explained – for the first time.
Keywords: Columbia School, Corpus of Contemporary American English, qualitative and quantitative analysis, logical quantifiers
Keywords: Escuela de Columbia, Corpus del Inglés Norteamericano Contemporáneo (COCA), análisis cualitativo y cuantitativo, cuantificadores lógicos
Published online: 02 October 2019
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Radden, Günter and René Dirven