Incomplete Acquisition in Bilingualism

Re-examining the Age Factor

Author
ORCID logoSilvina Montrul | University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
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ISBN 9789027241757 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
PaperbackAvailable
ISBN 9789027241801 | EUR 36.00 | USD 54.00
 
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ISBN 9789027290410 | EUR 99.00/36.00*
| USD 149.00/54.00*
 
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Age effects have played a particularly prominent role in some theoretical perspectives on second language acquisition. This book takes an entirely new perspective on this issue by re-examining these theories in light of the existence of apparently similar non-native outcomes in adult heritage speakers who, unlike adult second language learners, acquired two or more languages in childhood. Despite having been exposed to their family language early in life, many of these speakers never fully acquire, or later lose, aspects of their first language sometime in childhood. The book examines the structural characteristics of "incomplete" grammatical states and highlights how age of acquisition is related to the type of linguistic knowledge and behavior that emerges in L1 and L2 acquisition under different environmental circumstances. By underscoring age of acquisition as a unifying factor in the study of L2 acquisition and L1 attrition, it is claimed that just as there are age effects in L2 acquisition, there are also age effects, or even perhaps a critical period, in L1 attrition. The book covers adult L2 acquisition, attrition in adults and in children, and includes a comparison of adult heritage language speakers and second language learners.
[Studies in Bilingualism, 39] 2008.  x, 312 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
“This important and well-written book offers a timely and well-balanced review of recent research on non-native attainment. Montrul examines in great detail how age of acquisition is related to non-native outcomes, not only in L2 acquisition, but also in L1 attrition and in incomplete L1 acquisition as a result of early L2 acquisition, and how experiential factors interact with the age factor in effecting these outcomes. This book is a mine of information and is highly recommended to students of language acquisition, language attrition and bilingualism alike.”
“As one of the first generative acquisition researchers who looked into the competence of heritage speaker bilingual individuals, Montrul's body of work is rightfully the standard for formal linguistic studies on Hispanic heritage speaker bilingualism. This book is the capstone to a pioneering and novel research program, initiated close to a decade ago and continuing to the present and beyond. [...] This volume is innovative in its completeness and the breadth of issues addressed. [...] This book is compulsory reading for all students and researchers who are interested in SLA, bilingualism, and L1 attrition.”
“As this book has clearly demonstrated, many questions remain regarding the language development of different groups of bilinguals, and I join Montrul in calling for more longitudinal research on development in bilingual children, particularly in differences between simultaneous and early sequential bilinguals and bilinguals raised in differing political and linguistic contexts. It is clear that there are still large gaps in our understanding of age factors in bilingualism, and Montrul has done well in pointing out where more research is needed. Overall, ''Incomplete Acquisition in Bilingualism: Re-examining the age factor'' is an extensive overview of the field and a welcome contribution to the study of language acquisition and bilingualism.”
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2022. Reading comprehension in Spanish by Quechua-Spanish bilingual children. International Journal of School & Educational Psychology 10:1  pp. 105 ff. DOI logo
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2021. Attitude Towards the First Language and Its Effects on First Language Lexical Attrition. International Journal of Kurdish Studies 7:1  pp. 65 ff. DOI logo
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2023. The production and perception of Turkish evidentiality markers by Turkish-German returnees. Applied Linguistics Review 14:2  pp. 251 ff. DOI logo
Keating, Gregory D.
2022. The Effect of Age of Onset of Bilingualism on Gender Agreement Processing in Spanish as a Heritage Language. Language Learning 72:4  pp. 1170 ff. DOI logo
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2016. Online processing of subject pronouns in monolingual and heritage bilingual speakers of Mexican Spanish. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 19:1  pp. 36 ff. DOI logo
Keating, Gregory D., Bill VanPatten & Jill Jegerski
2011. WHO WAS WALKING ON THE BEACH?. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 33:2  pp. 193 ff. DOI logo
Kessler, Ruth & Tatiana Perevozchikova
2024. Now they accept it, now they don’t: Acceptability judgements of nontypical multiword units in Russian as a native and a heritage language. International Journal of Bilingualism DOI logo
Kihlstedt, Maria
2010. Relations temporelles dans les récits d'enfants bilingues français-suédois. Cahiers Sens public n° 13-14:1  pp. 161 ff. DOI logo
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2009. Emploi de la morphologie temporelle en français L2 : étude comparative auprès d’enfants monolingues et bilingues de 8 à 9 ans. Acquisition et interaction en langue étrangère :Aile... Lia 1  pp. 89 ff. DOI logo
Kim, Ihnhee
2012. Phenomena of Discourse Marker Use of Bilingual Children and Implications for Heritage Language Education. The Korean Language in America 17:1  pp. 24 ff. DOI logo
Kim, Ihnhee
2012. Phenomena of Discourse Marker Use of Bilingual Children and Implications for Heritage Language Education. The Korean Language in America 17:1  pp. 24 ff. DOI logo
Kim, Ji Young
2020. Discrepancy between heritage speakers' use of suprasegmental cues in the perception and production of Spanish lexical stress. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 23:2  pp. 233 ff. DOI logo
Kim, Ji-Young
2019. Heritage speakers’ use of prosodic strategies in focus marking in Spanish. International Journal of Bilingualism 23:5  pp. 986 ff. DOI logo
Kim, Ji-Hye, Silvina Montrul & James Yoon
2009. Binding Interpretations of Anaphors by Korean Heritage Speakers. Language Acquisition 16:1  pp. 3 ff. DOI logo
Kim, Kitaek & Hyunwoo Kim
2022. Sequential bilingual heritage children's L1 attrition in lexical retrieval: Age of acquisition versus language experience. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 25:4  pp. 537 ff. DOI logo
Kim, Sok-Ju
2015. Negative Polarity Items (NPIs) in Heritage Korean: Language Maintenance and Transfer. The Korean Language in America 19:1  pp. 36 ff. DOI logo
Kinn, Kari
2020. Stability and attrition in American Norwegian nominals: a view from predicate nouns. The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 23:1  pp. 3 ff. DOI logo
Kinn, Kari
2021. Split possession and definiteness marking in American Norwegian. Nordic Journal of Linguistics 44:2  pp. 182 ff. DOI logo
Komeili, Mariam, Parvaneh Tavakoli & Theodoros Marinis
2023. Using multiple measures of language dominance and proficiency in Farsi-English bilingual children. Frontiers in Communication 8 DOI logo
Kopečková, Romana, Marta Marecka, Magdalena Wrembel & Ulrike Gut
2016. Interactions between three phonological subsystems of young multilinguals: the influence of language status. International Journal of Multilingualism 13:4  pp. 426 ff. DOI logo
Kovrizhkina, Daria G. & Leonid V. Moskovkin
2023. Lexical features of Russian speech of bilinguals in Germany and monolinguals in Russia: an experimental study. Russian Language Studies 21:3  pp. 278 ff. DOI logo
Kozminska, Kinga
2015. Language contact in the Polish-American community in Chicago. International Journal of Bilingualism 19:3  pp. 239 ff. DOI logo
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KUPISCH, TANJA
2012. Specific and generic subjects in the Italian of German–Italian simultaneous bilinguals and L2 learners. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 15:4  pp. 736 ff. DOI logo
Kupisch, Tanja
2021. Heritage Languages in Europe. In The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics,  pp. 45 ff. DOI logo
Kupisch, Tanja & Dagmar Barton
2013. Generic reference in adult German bilinguals: how bilinguals deal with variation. Studia Linguistica 67:1  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Kupisch, Tanja, Alyona Belikova, Öner Özçelik, Ilse Stangen & Lydia White
2017. Restrictions on definiteness in the grammars of German-Turkish heritage speakers. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 7:1  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
KUPISCH, TANJA, TATJANA LEIN, DAGMAR BARTON, DAWN JUDITH SCHRÖDER, ILSE STANGEN & ANTJE STOEHR
2014. Acquisition outcomes across domains in adult simultaneous bilinguals with French as weaker and stronger language. Journal of French Language Studies 24:3  pp. 347 ff. DOI logo
Kupisch, Tanja & Maria Polinsky
2022. Language history on fast forward: Innovations in heritage languages and diachronic change. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 25:1  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Kupisch, Tanja & Jason Rothman
2018. Terminology matters! Why difference is not incompleteness and how early child bilinguals are heritage speakers. International Journal of Bilingualism 22:5  pp. 564 ff. DOI logo
LAI, VICKY TZUYIN, GABRIELA GARRIDO RODRIGUEZ & BHUVANA NARASIMHAN
2014. Thinking-for-speaking in early and late bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 17:1  pp. 139 ff. DOI logo
Laleko, Oksana
2021. Discourse and Information Structure in Heritage Languages. In The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics,  pp. 691 ff. DOI logo
Laleko, Oksana
2022. Word order and information structure in heritage and L2 Russian: Focus and unaccusativity effects in subject inversion. International Journal of Bilingualism 26:6  pp. 749 ff. DOI logo
Lam, Boji P. W. & Jiyoung Yoon
2023. The Effect of Language Dominance on Classic Semantic, Action, Emotional, and Phonemic Fluency in Unbalanced Bilinguals. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 66:12  pp. 4967 ff. DOI logo
Larsson, Ida, Sofia Tingsell & Maia Andréasson
2015. Variation and Change in American Swedish. In Germanic Heritage Languages in North America [Studies in Language Variation, 18],  pp. 359 ff. DOI logo
Laufer, Batia & Liubov Baladzhaeva
2015. First language attrition without second language acquisition. ITL - International Journal of Applied Linguistics 166:2  pp. 229 ff. DOI logo
Lazaridou-Chatzigoga, Dimitra & Petros Karatsareas
2022. Language Attrition and Lived Experiences of Attrition among Greek Speakers in London. Languages 7:4  pp. 307 ff. DOI logo
Leal, Tania
2018. Chapter 3. Data analysis and sampling. In Critical Reflections on Data in Second Language Acquisition [Language Learning & Language Teaching, 51],  pp. 63 ff. DOI logo
Leal, Tania, Emilie Destruel & Bradley Hoot
2018. The realization of information focus in monolingual and bilingual native Spanish. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 8:2  pp. 217 ff. DOI logo
Leal, Tania, Jason Rothman & Roumyana Slabakova
2014. A Rare Structure at the Syntax-Discourse Interface: Heritage and Spanish-Dominant Native Speakers Weigh In. Language Acquisition 21:4  pp. 411 ff. DOI logo
Lebkuecher, Amy L. & Barbara C. Malt
2021. Second-Language Influence on First-Language Animacy Constraints and Word Order in Korean–English Bilinguals. The American Journal of Psychology 134:4  pp. 385 ff. DOI logo
Lee, Teresa
2011. Grammatical knowledge of Korean heritage speakers. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 1:2  pp. 149 ff. DOI logo
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2016. Dominant language transfer in the comprehension of L2 learners and heritage speakers. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 26:2  pp. 190 ff. DOI logo
Lee-Ellis, Sunyoung
2011. THE ELICITED PRODUCTION OF KOREAN RELATIVE CLAUSES BY HERITAGE SPEAKERS. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 33:1  pp. 57 ff. DOI logo
Leivada, Evelina, Elena Papadopoulou, Maria Kambanaros & Kleanthes K. Grohmann
2017. The Influence of Bilectalism and Non-standardization on the Perception of Native Grammatical Variants. Frontiers in Psychology 8 DOI logo
Leonardi, Mara Maya Victoria & Marco Tamburelli
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2014. The English phonological awareness skills of 5;0–6;0-year-old Polish–English, Portuguese–English bilingual speakers and English monolingual children. Speech, Language and Hearing 17:1  pp. 37 ff. DOI logo
Li, Fei, Xiangfei Hong, Zhaoying He, Sixuan Wu & Chenyi Zhang
2021. Investigating Heritage Language Processing: Meaning Composition in Chinese Classifier-Noun Phrasal Contexts. Frontiers in Psychology 12 DOI logo
Liceras, Juana M.
2010. Second Language Acquisition and Syntactic Theory in the 21st Century. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 30  pp. 248 ff. DOI logo
Lichtman, Karen
2013. Developmental Comparisons of Implicit and Explicit Language Learning. Language Acquisition 20:2  pp. 93 ff. DOI logo
LICHTMAN, KAREN
2016. Age and learning environment: Are children implicit second language learners?. Journal of Child Language 43:3  pp. 707 ff. DOI logo
Lindholm-Leary, Kathryn
2021. Dual Language Education Models and Research in Early Childhood Education in the USA. In Handbook of Early Language Education [Springer International Handbooks of Education, ],  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Lindholm-Leary, Kathryn
2022. Dual Language Education Models and Research in Early Childhood Education in the USA. In Handbook of Early Language Education [Springer International Handbooks of Education, ],  pp. 403 ff. DOI logo
LLEÓ, CONXITA
2018. Aspects of the Phonology of Spanish as a Heritage Language: from Incomplete Acquisition to Transfer. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 21:4  pp. 732 ff. DOI logo
Llompart, Miquel & Ewa Dąbrowska
2023. “Foreign” language aptitude predicts individual differences in native grammatical proficiency. Linguistics 61:5  pp. 1165 ff. DOI logo
Lloyd-Smith, Anika, Fatih Bayram & Michael Iverson
2020. Chapter 4. The effects of heritage language experience on lexical and morphosyntactic outcomes. In Studies in Turkish as a Heritage Language [Studies in Bilingualism, 60],  pp. 63 ff. DOI logo
Lloyd-Smith, Anika, Henrik Gyllstad, Tanja Kupisch & Stefano Quaglia
2021. Heritage language proficiency does not predict syntactic CLI into L3 English. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 24:3  pp. 435 ff. DOI logo
Lohndal, Terje
2020. A distributed architecture of L1 attrition. Second Language Research 36:2  pp. 177 ff. DOI logo
Lohndal, Terje
2021. Syntax of Heritage Languages. In The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics,  pp. 644 ff. DOI logo
Lohndal, Terje, Jason Rothman, Tanja Kupisch & Marit Westergaard
2019. Heritage language acquisition: What it reveals and why it is important for formal linguistic theories. Language and Linguistics Compass 13:12 DOI logo
Lohndal, Terje & Marit Westergaard
2016. Grammatical Gender in American Norwegian Heritage Language: Stability or Attrition?. Frontiers in Psychology 7 DOI logo
Lohndal, Terje & Marit Westergaard
2021. Grammatical Gender: Acquisition, Attrition, and Change. Journal of Germanic Linguistics 33:1  pp. 95 ff. DOI logo
Lubińska, Dorota
2018. A Small-Scale Study on the Relationship between First Language Attrition and Language Attitudes in Polish Speakers in Sweden. Scando-Slavica 64:2  pp. 283 ff. DOI logo
Lustres, Eduardo, Alejandro Cuza & Aída García-Tejada
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López Otero, Julio César
2022. Lexical Frequency Effects on the Acquisition of Syntactic Properties in Heritage Spanish: A Study on Unaccusative and Unergative Predicates. Heritage Language Journal 19:1  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Mai, Ziyin
2016. L2 Chinese: Grammatical development and processing. Second Language Research 32:1  pp. 123 ff. DOI logo
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2018. Expressing displacement in heritage Cantonese: Cross-linguistic influence and structural vulnerability. International Journal of Bilingualism 22:6  pp. 603 ff. DOI logo
Makarova, Veronika & Qin Xiang
2022. Mother tongue to heritage language metamorphosis: the case of Mandarin Chinese in Canada. Global Chinese 8:2  pp. 189 ff. DOI logo
Martinez-Nieto, Lourdes & Maria Adelaida Restrepo
2022. Production and comprehension of grammatical gender by Spanish heritage speakers: Evidence from accusative clitic pronouns. International Journal of Bilingualism  pp. 136700692110573 ff. DOI logo
Martinez-Nieto, Lourdes & Maria Adelaida Restrepo
2023. Grammatical gender in Spanish child heritage speakers. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 13:2  pp. 267 ff. DOI logo
Martohardjono, Gita, Michael A. Johns, Pamela Franciotti, Daniela Castillo, Ilaria Porru & Cass Lowry
2023. Use of the first-acquired language modulates pupil size in the processing of island constraint violations. Frontiers in Psychology 14 DOI logo
Martín Gómez, Antonio
2023. The effects of age and experience with input in the acquisition of clitic climbing in heritage and L2 Spanish. International Journal of Bilingualism 27:4  pp. 432 ff. DOI logo
Martínez Vera, Gabriel, Julio César López Otero, Marina Y. Sokolova, Adam Cleveland, Megan Tzeitel Marshall & Liliana Sánchez
2023. Aspectual se and Telicity in Heritage Spanish Bilinguals: The Effects of Lexical Access, Dominance, Age of Acquisition, and Patterns of Language Use. Languages 8:3  pp. 201 ff. DOI logo
Matos, Joana & Cristina Flores
2024. More insights into the interaction between age, exposure, and attitudes in language attrition and retention from the perspective of bilingual returnees. International Journal of Bilingualism 28:1  pp. 24 ff. DOI logo
MATUSEVYCH, YEVGEN, AFRA ALISHAHI & AD BACKUS
2017. The impact of first and second language exposure on learning second language constructions. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 20:1  pp. 128 ff. DOI logo
Mañas, Iban, Elisa Rosado, Natalia Fullana & Svetlana Alexeeva
2021. Imperfect Spanish Meanings Acquisition by Advanced Russian Learners. Evidence from Acceptability Judgements Data. Círculo de Lingüística Aplicada a la Comunicación 87  pp. 17 ff. DOI logo
McManmon, Zoe
Mehdiabadi, Fatemeh, Nina Maadad & Ali Arabmofrad
2020. The Role of First Language Attrition in Persian Idiomatic Expressions. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 49:4  pp. 607 ff. DOI logo
Mehlhorn, Grit & Bernhard Brehmer
2023. Herkunftssprachenunterricht und Sprachbewusstheit. In Sprachbewusstheit,  pp. 361 ff. DOI logo
Meir, Natalia
2018. Morpho-Syntactic Abilities of Unbalanced Bilingual Children: A Closer Look at the Weaker Language. Frontiers in Psychology 9 DOI logo
Meir, Natalia & Maria Polinsky
2021. Restructuring in heritage grammars. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 11:2  pp. 222 ff. DOI logo
Meir, Natalia, Joel Walters & Sharon Armon-Lotem
2016. Disentangling SLI and bilingualism using sentence repetition tasks: the impact of L1 and L2 properties. International Journal of Bilingualism 20:4  pp. 421 ff. DOI logo
Meir, Natalia, Joel Walters & Sharon Armon-Lotem
2017. Bi-directional cross-linguistic influence in bilingual Russian-Hebrew children. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 7:5  pp. 514 ff. DOI logo
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MEISEL, JÜRGEN M.
2018. Early child second language acquisition: French gender in German children. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 21:4  pp. 656 ff. DOI logo
Meisel, Jürgen M.
2021. Diversity and divergence in bilingual acquisition. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 40:1  pp. 65 ff. DOI logo
Mieszkowska, Karolina, Magdalena Łuniewska, Joanna Kołak, Agnieszka Kacprzak, Zofia Wodniecka & Ewa Haman
2017. Home Language Will Not Take Care of Itself: Vocabulary Knowledge in Trilingual Children in the United Kingdom. Frontiers in Psychology 8 DOI logo
Miękisz, Aneta, Ewa Haman, Magdalena Łuniewska, Katarzyna Kuś, Ciara O’Toole & Napoleon Katsos
2017. The impact of a first-generation immigrant environment on the heritage language: productive vocabularies of Polish toddlers living in the UK and Ireland. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 20:2  pp. 183 ff. DOI logo
Montanari, Elke G., Roman Abel, Lilia Tschudinovski & Barbara Graßer
Montrul, Silvina
2009. REEXAMINING THE FUNDAMENTAL DIFFERENCE HYPOTHESIS. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 31:2  pp. 225 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina
2009. Knowledge of tense-aspect and mood in Spanish heritage speakers. International Journal of Bilingualism 13:2  pp. 239 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina
2010. Dominant language transfer in adult second language learners and heritage speakers. Second Language Research 26:3  pp. 293 ff. DOI logo
MONTRUL, SILVINA
2010. How similar are adult second language learners and Spanish heritage speakers? Spanish clitics and word order. Applied Psycholinguistics 31:1  pp. 167 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina
2010. Current Issues in Heritage Language Acquisition. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 30  pp. 3 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina
2011. INTRODUCTION. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 33:2  pp. 155 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina
2011. MORPHOLOGICAL ERRORS IN SPANISH SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNERS AND HERITAGE SPEAKERS. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 33:2  pp. 163 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina
2012. Bilingualism and the Heritage Language Speaker. In The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism,  pp. 168 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina
2013. Ultimate Attainment in Spanish L2 Acquisition. In The Handbook of Spanish Second Language Acquisition,  pp. 351 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina
2017. Developmental continuity in morphosyntactic attrition. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 7:6  pp. 739 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina
2018. Heritage language development: Connecting the dots. International Journal of Bilingualism 22:5  pp. 530 ff. DOI logo
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Montrul, Silvina
2023. Heritage Languages: Language Acquired, Language Lost, Language Regained. Annual Review of Linguistics 9:1  pp. 399 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina & Nicoleta Bateman
2020. Chapter 11. Differential Object Marking in Romanian as a heritage language. In The Acquisition of Differential Object Marking [Trends in Language Acquisition Research, 26],  pp. 285 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina & Nicoleta Bateman
2020. Chapter 11. Differential Object Marking in Romanian as a heritage language. In The Acquisition of Differential Object Marking [Trends in Language Acquisition Research, 26],  pp. 285 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina & Nicoleta Bateman
2020. Vulnerability and stability of Differential Object Marking in Romanian heritage speakers. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 5:1 DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina, Archna Bhatia, Rakesh Bhatt & Vandana Puri
2019. Case Marking in Hindi as the Weaker Language. Frontiers in Psychology 10 DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina, Rakesh Bhatt & Archna Bhatia
2012. Erosion of case and agreement in Hindi heritage speakers. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 2:2  pp. 141 ff. DOI logo
MONTRUL, SILVINA & MELISSA BOWLES
2009. Back to basics: Incomplete knowledge of Differential Object Marking in Spanish heritage speakers*. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 12:03  pp. 363 ff. DOI logo
MONTRUL, SILVINA, JUSTIN DAVIDSON, ISRAEL DE LA FUENTE & REBECCA FOOTE
2014. Early language experience facilitates the processing of gender agreement in Spanish heritage speakers. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 17:1  pp. 118 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina & Rebecca Foote
2014. Age of acquisition interactions in bilingual lexical access: A study of the weaker language of L2 learners and heritage speakers. International Journal of Bilingualism 18:3  pp. 274 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina, Rebecca Foote & Silvia Perpiñán
2008. Gender Agreement in Adult Second Language Learners and Spanish Heritage Speakers: The Effects of Age and Context of Acquisition. Language Learning 58:3  pp. 503 ff. DOI logo
MONTRUL, SILVINA & TANIA IONIN
2010. Transfer effects in the interpretation of definite articles by Spanish heritage speakers. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 13:4  pp. 449 ff. DOI logo
MONTRUL, SILVINA & TANIA IONIN
2012. Dominant Language Transfer in Spanish Heritage Speakers and Second Language Learners in the Interpretation of Definite Articles. The Modern Language Journal 96:1  pp. 70 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina & Maria Polinsky
2011.  Why not heritage speakers?. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 1:1  pp. 58 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina & Maria Polinsky
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Montrul, Silvina & Carmen Silva-Corvalán
2019. THE SOCIAL CONTEXT CONTRIBUTES TO THE INCOMPLETE ACQUISITION OF ASPECTS OF HERITAGE LANGUAGES. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 41:2  pp. 269 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina & Noelia Sánchez-Walker
2013. Differential Object Marking in Child and Adult Spanish Heritage Speakers. Language Acquisition 20:2  pp. 109 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina A.
2016. Losing your case? Dative experiencers in Mexican Spanish and heritage speakers in the United States. In Advances in Spanish as a Heritage Language [Studies in Bilingualism, 49],  pp. 99 ff. DOI logo
Montrul, Silvina A.
2018. Chapter 6. The Bottleneck Hypothesis extends to heritage language acquisition. In Meaning and Structure in Second Language Acquisition [Studies in Bilingualism, 55],  pp. 149 ff. DOI logo
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Moro, Francesca R
2018. Divergence in heritage Ambon Malay in the Netherlands: The role of social-psychological factors. International Journal of Bilingualism 22:4  pp. 395 ff. DOI logo
Moro, Francesca R.
2014. Resultative constructions in heritage Ambon Malay in the Netherlands. Linguistics in the Netherlands 31  pp. 78 ff. DOI logo
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2013. The illusion of language acquisition. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 3:3  pp. 253 ff. DOI logo
O’Grady, William, Hye-Young Kwak, On-Soon Lee & Miseon Lee
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O’Rourke, Erin & Kim Potowski
2016. Phonetic accommodation in a situation of Spanish dialect contact: Coda /s/ and /r̄/ in Chicago . Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 9:2  pp. 355 ff. DOI logo
Papastefanou, Theodora, Daisy Powell & Theodoros Marinis
2019. Language and Decoding Skills in Greek-English Primary School Bilingual Children: Effects of Language Dominance, Contextual Factors and Cross-Language Relationships Between the Heritage and the Majority Language. Frontiers in Communication 4 DOI logo
Paradis, Johanne
2011.  Individual differences in child English second language acquisition . Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 1:3  pp. 213 ff. DOI logo
Paradis, Johanne & Krithika Govindarajan
PARADIS, JOHANNE, YASEMIN TULPAR & ANTTI ARPPE
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2018. The Effects of Task Complexity on Heritage and L2 Spanish Development. The Canadian Modern Language Review 74:1  pp. 128 ff. DOI logo
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2023. Heritage language learners’ written texts across pair types and interaction mode. Language Teaching Research 27:1  pp. 5 ff. DOI logo
TORRES, JULIO & BIANCA CUNG
2019. A Comparison of Advanced Heritage Language Learners’ Peer Interaction Across Modes and Pair Types. The Modern Language Journal 103:4  pp. 815 ff. DOI logo
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2012. Age effects in L2 learning:. In Memory, Language, and Bilingualism,  pp. 161 ff. DOI logo
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2016. Variation and change in Toronto heritage Cantonese. Asia-Pacific Language Variation 2:2  pp. 124 ff. DOI logo
Tuller, Laurice, Cornelia Hamann, Solveig Chilla, Sandrine Ferré, Eléonore Morin, Philippe Prevost, Christophe dos Santos, Lina Abed Ibrahim & Racha Zebib
2018. Identifying language impairment in bilingual children in France and in Germany. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders 53:4  pp. 888 ff. DOI logo
UNSWORTH, SHARON, FROSO ARGYRI, LEONIE CORNIPS, AAFKE HULK, ANTONELLA SORACE & IANTHI TSIMPLI
2014. The role of age of onset and input in early child bilingualism in Greek and Dutch. Applied Psycholinguistics 35:4  pp. 765 ff. DOI logo
Unsworth, Sharon, Vicky Chondrogianni & Barbora Skarabela
2018. Experiential Measures Can Be Used as a Proxy for Language Dominance in Bilingual Language Acquisition Research. Frontiers in Psychology 9 DOI logo
Uygun, Serkan & Harald Clahsen
2021. Morphological processing in heritage speakers: A masked priming study on the Turkish aorist. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 24:3  pp. 415 ff. DOI logo
Vaahtoranta, Enni, Sebastian Suggate, Jan Lenhart & Wolfgang Lenhard
2021. Language exposure and phonological short-term memory as predictors of majority language vocabulary and phonological awareness in dual language learning. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 24:2  pp. 319 ff. DOI logo
van Rijswijk, Remy, Antje Muntendam & Ton Dijkstra
2017. Focus in Dutch reading: an eye-tracking experiment with heritage speakers of Turkish. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience 32:8  pp. 984 ff. DOI logo
Venturin, Beatrice
2022. “I can come up with more things when I’m happy, or especially when I’m angry”. International Journal of Language and Culture 9:1  pp. 97 ff. DOI logo
Venturin, Beatrice
2023. ‘That part of me is in a different language’: 1.5 generation migrants’ views on feelings of difference when switching languages. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 44:5  pp. 370 ff. DOI logo
Vernice, Mirta, Michael Matta, Marta Tironi, Martina Caccia, Elisabetta Lombardi, Maria Teresa Guasti, Daniela Sarti & Margherita Lang
2019. An Online Tool to Assess Sentence Comprehension in Teenagers at Risk for School Exclusion: Evidence From L2 Italian Students. Frontiers in Psychology 10 DOI logo
Verschik, Anna
2020. Yiddish–Lithuanian bilingualism: Incomplete acquisition, change through contacts, or both?. International Journal of Bilingualism  pp. 136700692093266 ff. DOI logo
Wang, Huili, Hanning Guo, Lianrui Yang & Brent Wolter
2023. A Decade of Research Into Second Language Acquisition: A State-of-the-Science Review (2009-2019). Chinese Journal of Applied Linguistics 46:3  pp. 386 ff. DOI logo
Westergaard, Marit
2020. Attrition via acquisition: The importance of development in small steps: A Commentary on ‘A model for L1 grammatical attrition’. Second Language Research 36:2  pp. 219 ff. DOI logo
Westergaard, Marit, Terje Lohndal & Björn Lundquist
2023. Variable V2 in Norwegian heritage language. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 13:2  pp. 133 ff. DOI logo
Wheeler, Jamelyn, Matthew Pollock & Manuel Díaz-Campos
2023. ¿(Está/Es) Difícil?: Variable Use of Ser and Estar by Heritage Learners of Spanish. Languages 8:4  pp. 271 ff. DOI logo
Wiese, Heike, Artemis Alexiadou, Shanley Allen, Oliver Bunk, Natalia Gagarina, Kateryna Iefremenko, Maria Martynova, Tatiana Pashkova, Vicky Rizou, Christoph Schroeder, Anna Shadrova, Luka Szucsich, Rosemarie Tracy, Wintai Tsehaye, Sabine Zerbian & Yulia Zuban
2022. Heritage Speakers as Part of the Native Language Continuum. Frontiers in Psychology 12 DOI logo
WILLIAMS, NIA & ENLLI MÔN THOMAS
2017. Exploring minority language input sources as means of supporting the early development of second language vocabulary and grammar. Applied Psycholinguistics 38:4  pp. 855 ff. DOI logo
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2020. Heritage Speakers, FLP and Emotional Challenges. In Family Language Policy,  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
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2016. “Fijáte…sabes que le digo yo”. In Forms of Address in the Spanish of the Americas [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 10],  pp. 305 ff. DOI logo
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2015. The acquisition of dative alternation by German-English bilingual and English monolingual children. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 5:2  pp. 252 ff. DOI logo
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2020. Effects of the interface categories on the acquisition patterns of English reflexives among learners of English as a foreign language. International Journal of Bilingualism 24:4  pp. 651 ff. DOI logo
WU, SHU‐LING
2016. Development of Thinking for Speaking: What Role Does Language Socialization Play?. The Modern Language Journal 100:2  pp. 446 ff. DOI logo
Yager, Lisa, Nora Hellmold, Hyoun-A Joo, Michael T. Putnam, Eleonora Rossi, Catherine Stafford & Joseph Salmons
2015. New Structural Patterns in Moribund Grammar: Case Marking in Heritage German. Frontiers in Psychology 6 DOI logo
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2017. Learning datives: The Tolerance Principle in monolingual and bilingual acquisition. Second Language Research 33:1  pp. 119 ff. DOI logo
Yildiz, Yasemin & Hande Koyuncuoglu
2017. The attrition of Turkish as a third language. ITL - International Journal of Applied Linguistics 168:2  pp. 278 ff. DOI logo
YILMAZ, Gülsen & Antje SAUERMANN
2023. Complete acquisition in the heritage language: Evidence from indefiniteness in Turkish. RumeliDE Dil ve Edebiyat Araştırmaları Dergisi :33  pp. 813 ff. DOI logo
Yılmaz, Gülsen & Monika S. Schmid
2018. Chapter 11. First language attrition and bilingualism. In Bilingual Cognition and Language [Studies in Bilingualism, 54],  pp. 225 ff. DOI logo
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2012. Interpretation of Chinese overt and null embedded arguments by English-speaking learners. Second Language Research 28:2  pp. 169 ff. DOI logo
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2014. Causative verbs in the grammar of Spanish heritage speakers. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 4:1  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
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2014. Unfirm ground. Language Problems and Language Planning 38:1  pp. 19 ff. DOI logo
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2020. Case Marking Variation in Heritage Slavic Languages in Toronto: Not So Different. Language Learning 70:S1  pp. 122 ff. DOI logo
Șan, Nebiye Hilal
2023. Subordination in Turkish Heritage Children with and without Developmental Language Impairment. Languages 8:4  pp. 239 ff. DOI logo
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2019. 华裔汉语继承语使用者语法及相关语言能力的习得发展 . Global Chinese 5:2  pp. 207 ff. DOI logo
[no author supplied]
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[no author supplied]
[no author supplied]
[no author supplied]
2021. Research Approaches to Heritage Languages. In The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics,  pp. 373 ff. DOI logo
[no author supplied]
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[no author supplied]
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This list is based on CrossRef data as of 14 february 2024. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects

Main BIC Subject

CFDM: Bilingualism & multilingualism

Main BISAC Subject

LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
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ONIX 2.1
ONIX 3.0
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2008027332 | Marc record