Chapter published in:Research on Second Language Processing and Processing Instruction: Studies in honor of Bill VanPatten
Edited by Michael J. Leeser, Gregory D. Keating and Wynne Wong
[Studies in Bilingualism 62] 2021
► pp. 236–259
Trials-to-criterion as a methodological option to measure language processing in processing instruction
Trials-to-criterion – a method commonly used in applied behavior analysis as an alternative to the pre-/post-test study design – has been used to observe and assess input processing in processing instruction (PI) research. The results from trials-to-criterion studies have made important contributions to our understanding of the effects of PI in input processing, particularly regarding the role of explicit information. In order to promote trials-to-criterion as a method in PI research, this chapter reviews and discusses studies that have used trials-to-criterion data to investigate the effects of PI on second language processing. It also examines crucial design choices in the implementation of trials-to-criterion as a measure of language processing. Finally, it discusses future considerations for trials-to-criterion research.
Keywords: trials-to-criterion, processing instruction, explicit information, structured input, referential SI activities
Published online: 17 March 2021
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