On Language Diversity and Relationship from Bibliander to Adelung

Editors
| University of Leuven
| University of Leuven
| University of Leuven
| University of Leuven
Introduction by
| University of Leuven
| University of Leuven
| University of Leuven
| University of Leuven
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027246110 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027271495 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
 
From the Renaissance onwards, European scholars began to collect and study the various languages of the Old and the New Worlds. The recognition of language diversity encouraged them to explain how differences between languages emerged, why languages kept changing, and in what language families they could be classified. The present volume brings together the papers of the late George J. Metcalf (1908–1994) that discuss the search for possible genetic language relationships, and the study of language developments and origins, in Early Modern Europe. Two general chapters, surveying the period between the 16th and 18th century, are followed by detailed case studies of the contributions of Swiss, Dutch, and German scholars such as Theodor Bibliander (1504–1564), Konrad Gesner (1516–1565), Philippus Cluverius (1580–1623), Hugo Grotius (1583–1645), and Justus Georg Schottelius (1612–1676). This collection of important studies, a number of which have become very hard to find, has been framed by a detailed Editors’ Introduction, a biographical sketch of the author, a master list of references, and indexes of biographical names and of subjects, terms, and languages.
[Studies in the History of the Language Sciences, 120]  2013.  viii, 181 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Foreword & acknowledgments
vii–viii
Editors’ introduction
1–10
Bibliographical references
11–16
Bibliography of George J. Metcalf
17–18
1. Between methodology and ideology: How facts and theories intertwine in earlier views on diachronic linguistics
19–32
2. The Indo-European hypothesis in the 16th and 17th centuries
33–46
3. Theodor Bibliander (1505–1564) and the languages of Japheth’s progeny
57–64
4. Konrad Gesner’s (1516–1565) general views on language
65–76
5. Gesner’s views on the Germanic languages
77–84
6. Abraham Mylius (1563–1637) on historical linguistics
85–104
7. Philippus Cluverius (1580–1623) and his Lingua Celtica
105–122
8. A linguistic clash in the 17th century
123–122
9. Justus Georg Schottelius (1612–1676) on historical linguistics
133–146
10. Andreas Jäger’s (c.1660–1730) De Lingua Vetustissima Europae (1686)
147–152
11. Johann Christoph Adelung (1732–1806) discovers the languages of Asia
153–168
Master list of references
169–174
Index of biographical names
175–178
Index of subjects & terms
179–181
“The eleven articles gathered in this volume are not mere presentations of linguists whose works have fallen into oblivion. [...] While many might be tempted to dismiss those Early Modern scholars’ works as outdated, Metcalf finds remarkable insights that predict modern approaches to historical linguistics. At the same time, he warns the reader not to identify these insights with modern concepts, for these interesting Early Modern views were fragmentary and did not form a coherent system. [...] The disposal of the material in chronological order of the authors discussed gives a new meaning to the volume.”
“[T]his book is a handy compilation of the work of an important scholar of the history of linguistics, and it will be of both interest and value to the historian of linguistics.”
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CFF – Historical & comparative linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2013019634