Chapter published in:History of Linguistics 2017: Selected papers from the 14th International Conference on the History of the Language Sciences, (ICHoLS 14), Paris, 28 August – 1 September
Edited by Émilie Aussant and Jean-Michel Fortis
[Studies in the History of the Language Sciences 127] 2020
► pp. 205–220
Sprache der Nähe vs. Sprache der Distanz and the nineteenth century codification of Modern Czech
The paper examines the conceptual clashes between two approaches to the standardisation of modern Czech during the Czech National Revival. It reconstructs conceptual differences between the partially usage-based approach of František Jan Tomsa and the historical approach of Josef Dobrovský and František Martin Pelcl. By pointing out their explicit and implicit arguments and with the help of the concept of Sprache der Nähe [language of immediacy] and Sprache der Distanz [language of distance] developed by Koch and Oesterreicher, it proposes an explanation for these differences, for the rejection of the usage-based model by the next generation and for its attractiveness to future generations.
Keywords: modern Czech, standardisation, František Jan Tomsa, Josef Dobrovský, František Martin Pelcl
Published online: 20 May 2020