Early Arabic Grammatical Theory

Heterogeneity and standardization

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ISBN 9789027245380 | EUR 120.00 | USD 180.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027278098 | EUR 120.00 | USD 180.00
 
The Arabic grammatical tradition is remarkable for having organized a large amount of descriptive material within a sophisticated formal framework. The present study seeks to elucidate the early development of this system from a theory-internal perspective; it is mainly concerned with the development of the syntactic theory as a formal object, as system of rules. This endeavor is constituted of four sub-goals: a description of early developments, their periodization, their relation to the traditional account in terms of the Basran and Kufan schools, and their relation to modern linguistic theory.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Abbreviations and Conventions
vii
Preface
ix
1. Introduction
1
1. The problem
1
1.1 The schools
1
1.2 The data
3
1.3 The Quranic variants, the Qiraa'aat
5
1.4 The players
6
1.5 Plan of the book
10
1.6 Odd remarks
11
2. Two General Points
13
2.1 Dependency
13
2.2 The i-inf (genitive)
14
2.3 Scope of study
17
3. Farra' as Linguist
19
3.1 ‘Asl
19
3.2 General rules
21
3.3 Position, context, mawdi
22
3.4 Analogical reasoning
25
3.5 Farra' on gender
26
3.6 Ma‘aaniy l-Qur’aan: Farra' and Zajjaj
26
3.7 Conclusion
33
4. Sibawayhi's Methodology
35
4.1 Sibawayhi's use of substitution
35
4.2 Techniques
41
4.3 Sibawayh and Sarraj
51
5. Noun Complementation
55
5.1 Sarraj
56
5.2 Sibawayh
61
5.3 Types of relation in Sibawayh's treatment of NC
74
5.4 General summary
83
5.5 Farra'
84
5.6 Axfash
91
5.7 Mubarrid, Tha'lab and others
93
5.8 The class of noun complementizers
95
6. Sibawayh and Farra' vs. Later Grammarians
103
6.1 'Isnaad
103
6.2 The a-inf form
107
6.3 Sequence of the tamyiyz (or the proper use of analogy)
124
7. Farra' as Transitional Figure
127
7.1 The specifier, tamyiyz
127
7.2 The locative, ḏarf, and sifa
141
7.3 Passive
151
8. Farra' and the Period of Heterogeneity
157
8.1 Meaning, structural categories and precision of terminology
157
8.2 Are terminological differences categorical differences?
160
8.3 Summary
177
9. Minor Writers
179
9.1 The linguists
179
9.2 MN
181
9.3 Ibn Kaysan
185
9.4 Lughda
187
9.5 KJN
189
9.6 Tabular summary
193
9.7 Tha'lab and Abu Bakr al-Anbari
196
9.8 Terminological and conceptual heterogeneity
199
9.9 Non-standard traditions
200
9.10 Dating works
201
10. The Development of the Basran and Kufan Schools
203
10.1 Sibawayh
203
10.2 Farra'
204
10.3 Linguists after Farra'
206
10.4 Zajjaj
208
10.5 From data to theory
213
11. The Structural Development of Early Arabic Syntactic Theory
221
11.1 The data
221
11.2 Technical questions
224
11.3 Periodization
227
11.4 The schools and linguistic data
227
11.5 Reconstruction
229
11.6 Principles of development
234
11.7 The early evolution of Arabic syntactic theory
242
Appendix 1
245
IA. Subject Matter of Ma’aaniy l-Qur'aan, Farra' and Zajjaj
245
IB. Harf in Morphology and Syntax
245
IC. The musnad and musnad ‘ilayhi in Farra'
249
ID. The term sagala
251
IE. Noun complementation citations in Axfash
255
IF. Page references to §7.1.4
256
IG. Form and function of governed item in Farra's ’iyqaa‘ relation, vol. I
257
IH. References to Basra, Kufa and individual linguists in Tha‘lab’s Majaalis
257
IJ. References to Basrans and Kufans in first two volumes of Zajjaj's MQ
258
Appendix II Arabic Quotes
261
Appendix III Arabic Linguists
273
References
Primary
275
Secondary
278
Index of Arabic Grammarians
285
Index of Arabic Grammatical Terms
287
Subject Index
291
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  90000057