Francisco Varo's Grammar of the Mandarin Language (1703)

An English translation of ‘Arte de la lengua Mandarina’

With an Introduction by Sandra Breitenbach

| University of Iowa
| University of Iowa
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027245816 (Eur) | EUR 120.00
ISBN 9781556196065 (USA) | USD 180.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027275486 | EUR 120.00 | USD 180.00
 
Francisco Varo’s Arte de la Lengua Mandarina, completed ca. 1680, is the earliest published grammar of any spoken form of Chinese and the fullest known description of the standard language of the seventeenth century. It establishes beyond doubt that this “Language of the Mandarins” was not Pekingese or Peking-based but had instead a Jiang-Huai or Nankingese-like phonology. It also provides important information about the nature and formation of pre-modern standard forms of Chinese and will lead to revisions of currently held views on Chinese koines and their relationship with regional speech forms and the received vernacular literature. Finally, it provides a wealth ot information on stylistic speech levels, honorific usage, and social customs of the elite during the early Qing period.
The book provides a full translation of the 1703 text of the Arte, an extensive introduction to the life and work of Varo, an index of Chinese characters inserted into the translation, and an index of linguistic terms and concepts. It should be of interest to a diverse readership of Chinese historical, comparative, and descriptive linguists, students of Qing history and literature, historiographers of linguistics, and specialists in early Western religious and cultural contact with China.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface & Acknowledgments
v
Editor’s Foreword
ix
Introduction by Sandra Breitenbach
xix
Francisco Varo, Arte de la Mandarina (1703) Text edition and English translation
Frontispiece
3
Prologue
5
1. A Few Monitions
17
2. On the Tones of this Language
33
3. On the Declension of the Noun and the Pronoun
53
4. On the Substantive, Adjectival, Comparative, and Superlative Nominals
69
5 On the Abstract Verbal Nouns, Diminutives, Frequentatives, Occupations, and Genders
83
6. On the Pronoun
91
7. On the Interjection, Conjunction, Negation, Interrogative, and Conditional
99
8. On the Verb and its Conjugations
113
9. On the Passive Verb and Passive Constructions
125
10. On the Prepositions and Adverbs
131
11. On the Way of Forming Sentences
151
12. On the Numbers and Numerals
157
13. On Various Particles
175
14. On the Courteous Words of the Mandarin Language
183
15. On How to Name the Mandarins, their Relatives, and Other People; and How to Refer to Oneself Orally and in Writing
189
16. On Courteous Words inter loquendum and Courtesies when Visiting and Inviting
197
[Concluding part] Confessionarium of Basilio de Glemona
215
Appendix I
254
Appendix II
260
Appendix III
263
Chinese Character Index
264
Index of Linguistic Terms and Concepts
281
“[...] l'Arte, aujourd'hui à nouveau facilement accessible grâce à ce méticuleux travail de réédition, intéresse non seulement les historiens de la linguistique chinoise, mais aussi les historiens de langue chinoise. Loin de se contenter de reprende simplement les transcriptions de Varo, les deux éditeurs aident, tout au long du texte, le lecteur à se faire une idée plus claire de la langue décrite.”
“[...] the definitive scholarly translation into English of Varo's important early Mandarin grammar.”
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  99058977