Part ofThe Interplay of Variation and Change in Contact Settings
Edited by Isabelle Léglise and Claudine Chamoreau
[Studies in Language Variation 12] 2013
► pp. 23–52
This chapter introduces linguistic variation, specifically contact-induced language variation, from a variationist point of view. It shows that a focus on social and linguistic constraints on variation using statistical tools provides clues for distinguishing different processes of transfer. Taking examples of subject and object expression in Bislama, an English-lexified Creole, and Tamambo, a conservative Eastern Oceanic language, it illustrates weak and strong transfers and calque/calquing.
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