Cyclic renewal of demonstratives
Demonstratives, broadly defined as a subclass of deictic expressions used for exophoric reference, do not develop through direct grammaticalization (Diessel 1999: 150). The renewal of demonstratives, and the mechanisms and motivations underlying such processes, have not received as much attention as the related negative cycle. Greenberg’s (1978) observation that demonstratives are often replaced by reinforced forms might shed light on this diachronic process, and this study aims to explore this phenomenon further, as well as its connection with grammaticalization. Reinforcement of demonstratives can lead to the development of new demonstratives, which may catalyze the grammaticalization of old ones through paradigmatic competition (niche competition). The analysis presented here sees reinforcement as a possible driving force behind grammaticalization, and not vice versa, as suggested in Diessel (2006: 474) and van Gelderen (2011: 210), among others.
Keywords: demonstratives, grammatical renewal, cyclic change, grammaticalization, Norwegian, recognitional demonstratives, Jespersen’s cycle, demonstrative cycle, niche competition
- 2.Demonstratives and their sources of renewal
- 2.2Cyclic renewal
- 3.Demonstrative reinforcement
- 3.1Lexical reinforcement
- 3.1.1‘See’ as a reinforcing expression
- 3.1.2Locational markers as reinforcing expressions
- 3.1.3Other reinforcing expressions
- 3.1Lexical reinforcement
- 4.Demonstrative cycles
- 4.1Schematic overview of stages and outcomes
- 4.2Niche competition as a catalyst for grammaticalization
- 4.3Jespersen’s cycle vs. the demonstrative cycle
Published online: 19 October 2018
Boye, K. & P. Harder
Bybee, J. L.
Clark, E. V.
Clark, H. H., R. Schreuder, & S. Buttrick
Coventry, K. R., D. Griffiths & C. J. Hamilton
Greenberg, J. H.
Hansen, E. & L. Heltoft
Heine, B. & T. Kuteva
Heine, B. & H. Narrog
Hopper, P. J. & E. C. Traugott
Johannessen, J. B., J. Priestley, K. Hagen, T. A. Åfarli & Ø. A. Vangsnes
Johansson, N. & G. Carling
1994  On language change: The invisible hand in language London and New York Routledge
Mosegaard Hansen, M. -B.
Raidt, E. H.
Reinöhl, U. & N. P. Himmelmann
Tyler, A. & V. Evans
van der Auwera, J.
van Gelderen, E.
von der Gabelentz, G.
Cited by 5 other publications
Heine, Bernd, Tania Kuteva, Haiping Long, Heiko Narrog & Fang Wu
Kinn, Kari & Ida Larsson
Vulchanova, Mila, Jacqueline Collier, Pedro Guijarro-Fuentes & Valentin Vulchanov
Vulchanova, Mila, Pedro Guijarro-Fuentes, Jacqueline Collier & Valentin Vulchanov
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 18 april 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.