Article in:Studies in Language: Online-First Articles
Conjunctions and clause linkage in Australian languages
A typological study
This study analyses the role of conjunctions in clause linkage in Australian languages. Conjunctions are seemingly straightforward clause-linking devices, but they remain under-studied, both for Australian languages and from a broader typological perspective. In this study, we propose a functional definition of conjunctions, as set against other resources for clause linkage. We show that this captures not just the prototypical free-standing elements (the equivalents of if, because, but etc.), but also various types of bound markers with a similar function (bound to clause-scoping positions or predicates). We survey the role of conjunctions in a representative sample of 53 Australian languages, showing that they are not a marginal clause linkage resource in Australia, as seems to be assumed in the relevant literature, but often form a major category within clause linkage systems. We also identify a number of areal patterns, based on the size of conjunction inventories and their morphosyntactic features.
- 2.Defining ‘conjunctions’
- 3.Data and methods
- 3.2Operationalising ‘conjunctions’
- 3.3Semantic domains
- 4.1Inventory types
- 4.2Areal patterns
- 5.Subtypes of conjunctions
- 5.1Clausal vs predicate-bound conjunctions
- 5.2Further distinctions within clausal conjunctions
- 5.3Further distinctions within predicate-bound conjunctions
Published online: 01 December 2021
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