Contact and isolation in hunter-gatherer language dynamics
Evidence from Maniq phonology (Aslian, Malay Peninsula)
Maniq, spoken by 250–300 people in southern Thailand, is an undocumented geographical outlier of the Aslian branch of Austroasiatic. Isolated from other Aslian varieties and exposed only to Southern Thai, this northernmost member of the group has long experienced a contact situation which is unique in the Aslian context. Aslian is otherwise mostly under influence from Malay, and exhibits typological characteristics untypical of other Austroasiatic and Mainland Southeast Asian languages. In this paper we pursue an initial investigation of the contrastive strategies of the Maniq sound system. We show that Maniq phonology is manifestly Aslian, and displays only minor influence from Thai. For example, Maniq has not developed tone, register, or undergone changes typically associated with tonogenesis. However, it departs from mainstream Aslian phonology by allowing extreme levels of variation in the realisation of consonants, which in our view are best explained by its distinctive social ecology and geographical isolation.
Keywords: Maniq, phonology, language genealogy, Aslian, Austroasiatic, Mainland Southeast Asian languages, language contact, free variation
Published online: 08 December 2014
Asmah Haji Omar
1991 Kensiw: A Northern Aslian language of southern Thailand. In Surin Pookajorn (ed.), Preliminary report of excavations at Moh-Khiew Cave, Krabi Province, Sakai Cave, Trang Province and ethnoarchaeological research of huntergatherer group, socall “Sakai” or “Semang” at Trang Province, 310–335. Bangkok: Silipakorn University, Faculty of Archaeology.
2008 DoBeS archive: Semang. IMDI-corpora. http://corpus1.mpi.nl/ds/imdi_browser/ (22 October 2012).
Burenhult, Niclas, Nicole Kruspe & Michael Dunn
Burenhult, Niclas & Claudia Wegener
Diffloth, Gérard & Norman H. Zide
Dunn, Michael, Niclas Burenhult, Nicole Kruspe, Neele Becker & Sylvia Tufvesson
Dunn, Michael, Nicole Kruspe & Niclas Burenhult
Kruspe, Nicole, Niclas Burenhult & Ewelina Wnuk
In press. Northern Aslian. In Paul Sidwell & Mathias Jenny (eds.) Handbook of Austroasiatic Languages Leiden Brill
Kruspe, Nicole & John Hajek
Kusters, Christiaan Wouter
Ladefoged, Peter & Ian Maddieson
1984 A phonological description of the Kansiw language (Sakai dialect). Mahidol University MA thesis.
2009 The phonology of Proto-Tai. Cornell University dissertation.
Schebesta, Pater P. & Charles Otto Blagden
Forthcoming. A grammar of perception in Semai. Nijmegen: Radboud University dissertation.
Forthcoming. Semantic specificity in Maniq verbs of perception. Nijmegen: Radboud University dissertation.
Cited by 1 other publications
Yager, Joanne & Niclas Burenhult
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 21 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.