Article published in:Diachronic and Typological Perspectives on Verbs
Edited by Folke Josephson and Ingmar Söhrman
[Studies in Language Companion Series 134] 2013
► pp. 383–410
Directionality, case and actionality in Hittite
In addition to their role with regard to lexical aspect and verb semantics, the Hittite enclitic particles -san and -kan play an important role in interplay with local adverbs and case. We will show that the directional function of lative -san, when referring to goal and directed path, and of punctual -kan, when it causes limitation to an initial point of a motion and refers to source, both specify the semantic content of combinations of local adverbs/preverbs and verbs in a way that corresponds to categories of mode as defined by Kracht in his studies of semantics of locatives and directionality selection. A contrastive analysis of Latin local adverbs and Hittite local and directional adverbs/preverbs as they co-occur with -san or -kan sheds light on the entire range of functions of the two particles in Middle Hittite and the rapid changes in their use throughout the phases of Hittite language history.
Published online: 10 July 2013
Cited by 1 other publications
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