A Syntax of the Nivkh Language

The Amur dialect

Translated and edited by
| Institute for Linguistic Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
Editor
| University of Helsinki
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027206060 | EUR 110.00 | USD 165.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027271402 | EUR 110.00 | USD 165.00
 
This volume, originally published in Russian in 2012, is one of the few larger works on Nivkh (Gilyak), an underinvestigated endangered Paleosiberian language-isolate, that have appeared lately. It is a descriptive grammar based on extensive language data and supplemented with the authors’ experiments and subtle analysis, aimed at elucidating some moot points of the highly specific Nivkh syntax, and with quantitave data. It focuses on syntactic and semantic types of verbs and their aspectual and temporal characteristics, various groups of verbal grammatical morphemes, the use of finite and non-finite verb forms, and especially on numerous converbs, sentence types, word order, two-predicate constructions, relative clauses, direct and indirect speech, text structure and cohesion. The typological expertise and insights of V.P. Nedjalkov and the native intuitions of G.A. Otaina combine to add value to this volume. The book will be of interest to specialists in morphosyntax, typology, general linguistics and indigenous languages.
[Studies in Language Companion Series, 139]  2013.  xxx, 396 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Foreword
xxiii–xxviii
Abbreviations
xxix–xxx
Chapter 1. Introductory notes
1–4
Chapter 2. Bound and free complexes
5–6
Chapter 3. Free and bound word variants
7–8
Chapter 4. Morphological and syntactic complexes: Attributive and object complexes
9–10
Chapter 5. Extended morphological complexes
11–12
Chapter 6. Personal and reflexive pronouns
13–14
Chapter 7. Basic rules of alternation of plosives and fricatives
15–18
Chapter 8. Special types of alternations
19–22
Chapter 9. The problem of incorporation
23–24
Chapter 10. The direct object + verb complex: Alternation of initial consonants in transitives
25–28
Chapter 11. The attribute + noun complex: Alternation of initial consonants of nouns and verbs in attributive position
29–34
Chapter 12. The verbal finite predicate
35–36
Chapter 13. The nominal predicate
37–38
Chapter 14. Converbs
39–46
Chapter 15. Coordination of homogeneous predicates
47–48
Chapter 16. The noun
49–76
Chapter 17. Future tense markers in verbal forms
77–84
Chapter 18. The adverb
85–88
Chapter 19. Ideophones (imitative words)
89–92
Chapter 20. Analytical and grammaticalized verbal constructions with auxiliary and semi-auxiliary words: Compound verbs
93–106
Chapter 21. The main classes of verbal grammatical morphemes
107–110
Chapter 22. Group A. Verbal suffixes taking the same position in the morphological verb structure as the finite suffix -d̦/-ţ
111–120
Chapter 23. Group B. Verbal suffixes, particles and auxiliary words post-posed to the finite suffix -d̦/-ţ
121–130
Chapter 24. Group C. Verbal suffixes pre-posed to Group A suffixes
131–142
Chapter 25. Syntactic (valency) classes of verbs
143–152
Chapter 26. Semantic classes of verbs
153–158
Chapter 27. Sentence word order
159–178
Chapter 28. Means of introducing direct speech
179–184
Chapter 29. Means of expressing indirect speech
185–198
Chapter 30. The imperceptive marker – particle -furu /-p‘uru/-vuru
199–202
Chapter 31. Two-predicate constructions
203–232
Chapter 32. Causative constructions formed by verbs with the suffix -ku/-γu-/-gu-/-xu-
233–258
Chapter 33. Relative clauses
259–284
Chapter 34. Relative clauses without a head word
285–288
Chapter 35. The structure of a narrative text
289–324
Chapter 36. Aspectual and taxis characteristics of converbs
325–382
References
383–386
List of publications on Nivkh Grammar by V.P. Nedjalkov and G.A. Otaina
387–390
Name index
391–392
Language index
393–394
Subject index
395–396
A Syntax of the Nivkh Language written by the leading typologist Vladimir P. Nedjalkov and native speaker Nivkh specialist Galina A. Otaina, and thoroughly edited by another leading typologist Emma Geniušienė together with Nivkh expert Ekaterina Gruzdeva is the first fully-glossed grammar of Nivkh to be published in English. Moreover, unlike previous grammars of Nivkh which paid more attention to morphonological aspects of the language, the present work is focused on syntax. Being a truly typologically-informed and typology-oriented description, A Syntax of the Nivkh Language will significantly contribute to the advancement of knowledge in general linguistics as well. Nivkh possesses a number of typologically interesting phenomena such as morphonological changes in the syntactic complexes “direct object + verb” and “attribute + head noun”, the lack of (person) agreement in the finite indicative forms but its presence in the imperative paradigm, the existence of over 20 converbal forms etc. presenting many challenges to standard linguistic assumptions. As a language isolate, which is presumably a remnant of some very old language family, Nivkh will allow us to peel back beyond our current view of Northeast Asia to make visible earlier stages of its human past.”
“This is an invaluable piece of work which resulted from a fruitful collaboration between one of the leading linguists of the time and an unparalleled native talent. The authors would be appreciated for generations for leaving this work to the academics, and the editors making it accessible to broader public.”
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF/2Z – Linguistics/Other languages
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2013022881