A Syntax of the Nivkh Language

The Amur dialect

Translated and edited by
| Institute for Linguistic Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences
| University of Helsinki
ISBN 9789027206060 | EUR 110.00 | USD 165.00
ISBN 9789027271402 | EUR 110.00 | USD 165.00
This volume, originally published in Russian in 2012, is one of the few larger works on Nivkh (Gilyak), an underinvestigated endangered Paleosiberian language-isolate, that have appeared lately. It is a descriptive grammar based on extensive language data and supplemented with the authors’ experiments and subtle analysis, aimed at elucidating some moot points of the highly specific Nivkh syntax, and with quantitave data. It focuses on syntactic and semantic types of verbs and their aspectual and temporal characteristics, various groups of verbal grammatical morphemes, the use of finite and non-finite verb forms, and especially on numerous converbs, sentence types, word order, two-predicate constructions, relative clauses, direct and indirect speech, text structure and cohesion. The typological expertise and insights of V.P. Nedjalkov and the native intuitions of G.A. Otaina combine to add value to this volume. The book will be of interest to specialists in morphosyntax, typology, general linguistics and indigenous languages.
[Studies in Language Companion Series, 139]  2013.  xxx, 396 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Introductory notes
Chapter 2. Bound and free complexes
Chapter 3. Free and bound word variants
Chapter 4. Morphological and syntactic complexes: Attributive and object complexes
Chapter 5. Extended morphological complexes
Chapter 6. Personal and reflexive pronouns
Chapter 7. Basic rules of alternation of plosives and fricatives
Chapter 8. Special types of alternations
Chapter 9. The problem of incorporation
Chapter 10. The direct object + verb complex: Alternation of initial consonants in transitives
Chapter 11. The attribute + noun complex: Alternation of initial consonants of nouns and verbs in attributive position
Chapter 12. The verbal finite predicate
Chapter 13. The nominal predicate
Chapter 14. Converbs
Chapter 15. Coordination of homogeneous predicates
Chapter 16. The noun
Chapter 17. Future tense markers in verbal forms
Chapter 18. The adverb
Chapter 19. Ideophones (imitative words)
Chapter 20. Analytical and grammaticalized verbal constructions with auxiliary and semi-auxiliary words: Compound verbs
Chapter 21. The main classes of verbal grammatical morphemes
Chapter 22. Group A. Verbal suffixes taking the same position in the morphological verb structure as the finite suffix -d̦/-ţ
Chapter 23. Group B. Verbal suffixes, particles and auxiliary words post-posed to the finite suffix -d̦/-ţ
Chapter 24. Group C. Verbal suffixes pre-posed to Group A suffixes
Chapter 25. Syntactic (valency) classes of verbs
Chapter 26. Semantic classes of verbs
Chapter 27. Sentence word order
Chapter 28. Means of introducing direct speech
Chapter 29. Means of expressing indirect speech
Chapter 30. The imperceptive marker – particle -furu /-p‘uru/-vuru
Chapter 31. Two-predicate constructions
Chapter 32. Causative constructions formed by verbs with the suffix -ku/-γu-/-gu-/-xu-
Chapter 33. Relative clauses
Chapter 34. Relative clauses without a head word
Chapter 35. The structure of a narrative text
Chapter 36. Aspectual and taxis characteristics of converbs
List of publications on Nivkh Grammar by V.P. Nedjalkov and G.A. Otaina
Name index
Language index
Subject index
A Syntax of the Nivkh Language written by the leading typologist Vladimir P. Nedjalkov and native speaker Nivkh specialist Galina A. Otaina, and thoroughly edited by another leading typologist Emma Geniušienė together with Nivkh expert Ekaterina Gruzdeva is the first fully-glossed grammar of Nivkh to be published in English. Moreover, unlike previous grammars of Nivkh which paid more attention to morphonological aspects of the language, the present work is focused on syntax. Being a truly typologically-informed and typology-oriented description, A Syntax of the Nivkh Language will significantly contribute to the advancement of knowledge in general linguistics as well. Nivkh possesses a number of typologically interesting phenomena such as morphonological changes in the syntactic complexes “direct object + verb” and “attribute + head noun”, the lack of (person) agreement in the finite indicative forms but its presence in the imperative paradigm, the existence of over 20 converbal forms etc. presenting many challenges to standard linguistic assumptions. As a language isolate, which is presumably a remnant of some very old language family, Nivkh will allow us to peel back beyond our current view of Northeast Asia to make visible earlier stages of its human past.”
“This is an invaluable piece of work which resulted from a fruitful collaboration between one of the leading linguists of the time and an unparalleled native talent. The authors would be appreciated for generations for leaving this work to the academics, and the editors making it accessible to broader public.”
Cited by

Cited by 12 other publications

No author info given
2019.  In Typology of Pluractional Constructions in the Languages of the World [Typological Studies in Language, 125], Crossref logo
Arkadiev, Peter M.
2020. Syntax in morphological guise: Interrogative verbal morphology in Abaza . Linguistic Typology 24:2  pp. 211 ff. Crossref logo
Bertinetto, Pier Marco, Luca Ciucci & Margherita Farina
2019. Two types of morphologically expressed non-verbal predication. Studies in Language 43:1  pp. 120 ff. Crossref logo
Cinque, Guglielmo
2020.  In The Syntax of Relative Clauses, Crossref logo
Floricic, Franck & Lucia Molinu
2018.  In Structuring Variation in Romance Linguistics and Beyond [Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today, 252],  pp. 271 ff. Crossref logo
Franco, Ludovico
2017. L-syntax and phono-symbolism: on the status of ideophones in complex predicates. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue canadienne de linguistique 62:2  pp. 243 ff. Crossref logo
Hölzl, Andreas
2018.  In Grammaticalization meets Construction Grammar [Constructional Approaches to Language, 21],  pp. 241 ff. Crossref logo
Khanina, Olesya & Andrey Shluinsky
2020. Competing ditransitive constructions in Enets. Functions of Language 27:3  pp. 247 ff. Crossref logo
Lander, Yury
2014. Modifier Incorporation in Dargwa Nominals. SSRN Electronic Journal Crossref logo
Levshina, Natalia
2016. Finding the best fit for direct and indirect causation: a typological study. Lingua Posnaniensis 58:2  pp. 65 ff. Crossref logo
Pereltsvaig, Asya
2020.  In Languages of the World, Crossref logo
Puddu, Nicoletta
2021.  In Linguistic Categories, Language Description and Linguistic Typology [Typological Studies in Language, 132],  pp. 367 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 15 september 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects & Metadata
BIC Subject: CF/2Z – Linguistics/Other languages
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
ONIX Metadata
ONIX 2.1
ONIX 3.0
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2013022881 | Marc record