Article published in:Contact, Variation, and Change in the History of English
Edited by Simone E. Pfenninger, Olga Timofeeva, Anne-Christine Gardner, Alpo Honkapohja, Marianne Hundt and Daniel Schreier
[Studies in Language Companion Series 159] 2014
► pp. 259–280
The subjunctive mood in Philippine English
A diachronic analysis
American English has been observed to be leading the way in the revival of the (mandative) subjunctive, leaving behind British English and its postcolonial “children”. Drawing on data from two sets of corpora, sampled in the 1960s and the 1990s, this paper examines the extent to which Philippine English, a distinctively American-rooted variety, has been following American patterns in its use of the subjunctive (both the mandative and the hypothetical were-subjunctive). Some of the findings reflect the historical exonormative dependence of Philippine English on its American “parent” (notably, its continuing preference for the subjunctive over should-periphrasis, and its dispreference for the indicative, in mandative constructions), while others reflect its evolutionary progression towards endonormative stability (for example its disregard for American maintenance of the traditional formality connotations of the mandative subjunctive, and for the American preference for subjunctive were over indicative was in subordinate counterfactual clauses).
Published online: 11 September 2014
Bautista, Ma. Lourdes S.
Borlongan, Ariane Macalinga
2011 Relocating Philippine English in Schneider’s dynamic model. Paper presented at the 17th International Association of World Englishes Conference, Melbourne, Australia.
Borlongan, Ariane Macalinga & Lim, Joo-Hyuk
2012 Distinctive grammatical features of Philippine English: A meta-synthesis of corpus-based studies. Poster presented at the 33rd International Computer Archive of Modern and Medieval English (ICAME) Conference, Louvain, Belgium.
Collins, Peter, Borlongan, Ariane & Yao, Xinyue
Depraetere, Ilse & Reed, Susan
Deuber, Dagmar, Biewer, Carolin, Hackert, Stephanie & Hilbert, Michaela
1998a It is important that this study (should) be based on the analysis of parallel corpora: On the use of the mandative subjunctive in four major varieties of English. In The Major Varieties of English (Papers from MAVEN 1997), Hans Lindquist, Staffan Klintborg, Magnus Levin & Maria Estling (eds), 159–175. Vaxjo: Acta Wexionensia.
Hundt, Marianne, Hoffmann, Sebastian & Mukherjee, Joybrato
Johansson, Stig & Norheim, Else Helene
Leech, Geoffrey, Hundt, Marianne, Mair, Christian & Smith, Nicholas
Quirk, Randolph, Greenbaum, Sidney, Leech, Geoffrey & Svartvik, Jan
Schneider, Edgar W.
2000 Corpus linguistics in the Asian context: Exemplary analyses of the Kolhapur Corpus of Indian English. In Parangol Cang Brother Andrew: Festschrift for Andrew Gonzalez on His Sixtieth Birthday, Ma. Lourdes S. Bautista, Teodoro A. Llamzon & Bonifacio P. Sibayan (eds), 115–137. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines.
Cited by other publications
Borlongan, Ariane Macalinga
Borlongan, Ariane Macalinga & Shirley N. Dita
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 24 october 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.