Article published in:Negation and Contact: With special focus on Singapore English
Edited by Debra Ziegeler and Zhiming Bao
[Studies in Language Companion Series 183] 2017
► pp. 33–61
NEG-raising and long-distance licensing of negative polarity items
Collins and Postal (2014) have thrown new light on the relation between negation and complementation in contexts that either do or do not permit NEG-raising; in particular, that there are two types of polarity items differing in whether they require NEG-raising for long-distance licensing by negation. Strict items (such as English all that and various other NPIs) require clause-mate licensers, which may undergo NEG-raising to a higher clause (by means of a syntactic transformation) whereas non-strict items (such as any) may also be licensed by negation originating in a higher clause. In this chapter I review the evidence for such a distinction, arguing against a syntactic solution in terms of Neg-Raising, and proposing that the matrix predicate type is relevant for licensing embedded polarity items not only in cases of Neg-Raising, but also in questions. Using a corpus of polarity items in English and Dutch, I discuss various complications that arise in long-distance licensing, including interaction with modals and idiomatic readings of embedding predicates.
Published online: 31 May 2017
Aguilar Guevara, Ana, Aloni, Maria, Port, Angelika, Simik, Radek, de Vos, Machteld & Zeijlstra, Hedde
ter Beek, Janneke
Collins, Chris & Postal, Paul M.
2015 Dispelling the cloud of unknowing. Unpublished paper, http://ling.auf.net/lingbuzz/002269
den Dikken, Marcel
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de Swart, Henriëtte E.
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Osborne, Timothy & Matthew Reeve
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