Two empirical predictions derive from current accounts of Strict Negative Concord; either their NCI should be universal expressions out-scoping negation, or their doubling negation should be expletive. Based on a comparative analysis of Strict NC in Haitian Creole (HC) and Mauritian Creole (MC), the paper shows that neither prediction is confirmed. On the one hand, both HC and MC NCIs are non-negative expressions with existential, not universal, force. On the other hand, although HC, but not MC, features expletive negation, these obey a finiteness constraint not enforced in HC Strict NC. Concluding that expletive negation is not its hallmark characteristic, I argue that Strict NC features rather a particular type of existential NPIs whose licensing requirement can be satisfied under reconstruction (Déprez et al. 2015).
2.Comparative properties of HC and Mauritian Creole NCIs
2.1Where Haitian and Mauritian NCIs beg to differ
2.1.1Haitian NCIs in NPI contexts
2.1.2Mauritian Creole NCI in NPI contexts
2.2Similarities between Haitian and Mauritian NCIs
2.2.2Subject doubling and fragment answers
3.A theoretical proposal:
NCIs in Strict NC are NPIs that can be licensed under reconstruction
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