Chapter published in:Imperatives and Directive Strategies
Edited by Daniël Van Olmen and Simone Heinold
[Studies in Language Companion Series 184] 2017
Reasons to reasoning
Rhetorical imperatives are formal imperatives that convey an assertion of the opposite polarity. As assertions, they can be judged to be true or false. As morphological imperatives, they reject embedding and have verb-subject word order. Rhetorical imperatives involve a widening of the domain operator, responsible both for the generic interpretation of the subject pronoun tú ‘you (singular)’ and for the licensing of negative polarity items. A speaker uses a rhetorical imperative to make the addressee aware of the impossibility of putting into action the content of p. This supports the theories that analyze imperatives as inherently conveying directive force. Finally, it is argued that rhetorical imperatives may result from the grammaticalization of a non-directive imperative-like conditional.
Published online: 11 April 2017
Bybee, Joan L., Perkins, Revere D. & Pagliuca, William
Condoravdi, Cleo & Lauer, Sven
2012 Imperatives: Meaning and illocutionary force. In Empirical Issues in Syntax and Semantics 9, Christopher Piñón (ed.), 37–58. http://www.cssp.cnrs.fr/eiss9 (25 June 2015).
CREA [Corpus de Referencia del Español Actual]
Real Academia Española. http://www.rae.es
2011 Mental action and event structure in the semantics of try . In Proceedings of the 21st Semantics and Linguistic Theory Conference, Neil Ashton, Anca Chereches & David Lutz (eds), 426–443. http://elanguage.net/journals/salt/article/view/21.426 (28 September 2014).
Kitagawa, Chisato & Lehrer, Adrienne
Malamud, Sophia A.
Medeiros, David J.
Pérez-Saldanya, Manuel & Hualde, José I.
Rivero, María Luisa
van der Auwera, Johan, Dobrushina, Nina & Goussev, Valentin
2013 Imperative-hortative systems. In The World Atlas of Language Structures Online, Matthew Dryer & Martin Haspelmath (eds). Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. http://wals.info/chapter/72 (4 March 2014).
van der Wurff, Wim
2010 Past counterfactuality in Spanish imperatives. Paper presented at the 20th Colloquium in Generative Grammar , Barcelona, March. http://www.luisvicente.net/linguistics/cgg20.pdf (25 June 2015)
von Fintel, Kai
Cited by 1 other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 06 may 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.