Chapter published in:Language Contact and Change in Mesoamerica and Beyond
Edited by Karen Dakin, Claudia Parodi and Natalie Operstein
[Studies in Language Companion Series 185] 2017
► pp. 356–383
Chapter 17Language diversity, contact and change in the Americas
The model of Filippo Salvatore Gilij (1721–1789)
Filippo Salvatore Gilij (1721–1789) was a Jesuit priest and scholar who is known in linguistic circles primarily as the discoverer of several South American language families and as an astute observer of various linguistic phenomena. In his Saggio di storia americana (1780–1784), Gilij focuses on two linguistic phenomena: (1) Language change and the effect upon it of language contact. (2) The roots of both linguistic diversity and similarities as evinced by Amerindian languages. This paper explores Gilij’s observations on language and the influence exerted on his thinking by the work of earlier scholars. His model can be characterized as a hybrid of religious ideas and modern linguistic theory, with language contact as a major component in both.
- 1.1Gilij and his Saggio di storia americana
- 1.2Older sources on language diversity and change in the Americas
- 1.2.1Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo (1487–1557)
- 1.2.2Joseph François Lafitau (1681–1746)
- 1.2.3Joseph Gumilla (1686–1750)
- 1.2.4Charles Marie de La Condamine (1701–1774)
2.Gilij’s evaluation of the development of the language situation in the Americas
- 2.1Recent sources of linguistic diversity
- 2.2Recent language contact as a source of similarities
- 3.Gilij’s religious explanation for linguistic diversity and similarities: The story of Babylon
- 3.1Babylon as a source of diversity
- 3.2Babylon as a source of similarities
Published online: 30 June 2017
Adelung, Johann Christoph
Brinton, Daniel G.
Chamoreau, Claudine & Léglise, Isabelle
2014 The politics of writing, translating, and publishing. New World histories in Post-Expulsion Italy: Filippo Salvatore Gilij’s 1784 Saggio di storia americana. In Jesuit Accounts of the Colonial Americas: Intercultural Transfers, Intellectual Disputes, and Textualities, Marc André Bernier, Clorinda Donato & Hans-Jürgen Lüsebrink (eds), 50–79. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Ewalt, Margaret R.
Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés, Gonzalo
Fought, John G., Munroe, Robert L., Fought, Carmen R. & Good, Erin M.
Gilij, Filippo Salvadore
1995 Speaking truths or absurdities: The religious dialogues between Father Gilij and his Indian contemporaries (18th Century, Venezuela). Latin American Studies Association. http://lanic.utexas.edu/project/lasa95/giordani.html (20 December 2014).
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Hervás y Panduro, Lorenzo
Hock, Hans Henrich
La Condamine, Charles Marie de
Lafitau, Joseph François
León de d’Empaire, Arleny
Mattei-Müller, Marie-Claude & Henley, Paul
Rey Fajardo, José Del
Thomason, Sarah Grey & Kaufman, Terrence
Cited by 2 other publications
Antczak, Andrzej T., Horacio Biord Castillo, Pedro Rivas & María Magdalena Antczak
Marín Silva, Pedro
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 31 march 2022. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.