The study addresses the diachronic relationship between locative marking and the marking of goals and sources of motion. In ancient Indo-European languages, and in some modern ones, static spatial relations can be described by means of inherently dynamic expressions, which are normally used for encoding Goals and Sources (as in tothe left of the door). I suggest that this strategy presents an alternative to the use of rich systems of spatial prepositions specialized for encoding particular configurations. Its use pre-dates the development of basic spatial prepositions, which came to replace, in Indo-European languages, directional adverbs (sometimes also described as particles). The directional adverbs played a prominent role in the encoding of spatial notions in ancient languages. After they were reanalyzed as spatial prepositions and verbal prefixes, the directional strategy continued to be used for the expression of peripheral spatial meanings, for which no prepositional expression had developed. I illustrate this phenomenon with data from Ancient Greek and Modern Russian, and discuss how it can explain the data commonly described by the somewhat mysterious term “ablative-locative transfer”.
1996Les noms de localisation interne: Tentative de caractérisation sémantique à partir de données du basque et du français. Cahiers de Lexicologie 69(2): 159–192.
2010Greek Prepositions: From Antiquity to the Present. Oxford: OUP.
1991Latin prepositional syntax in Indo-European perspective. In New Studies in Latin Linguistics: Selected Papers from the 4th International Colloquium on Latin Linguistics, Cambridge, April 1987[Studies in Language Companion Series 21], Robert Coleman (ed), 324–338. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
De Felice, Emidio
1954Contributo alla storia della preposizione da. Studi di filologia italiana 12: 245–296.
2014The many ways to find the “right” and “left”: On dynamic projection models in the encoding of spatial relations.
Berkeley Linguistics Society 38
: 338–354. Berkeley CA: BLS.
Nikitina, Tatiana & Maslov, Boris
2013Redefining constructio praegnans: On the variation between allative and locative expressions in Ancient Greek. Journal of Greek Linguistics 13: 105–142.
Nikitina, Tatiana & Spano, Marianna
2014‘Behind’ and ‘in front’ in Ancient Greek: A case study in orientation asymmetry. In On Ancient Grammars of Space: Linguistic Research on the Expression of Spatial Relations and Motion in Ancient Languages, Silvia Kutscher & Daniel Werning (eds), 67–82. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2010The syntactic structure of locations, goals, and sources. Linguistics 48(5): 1043–1081.
1963Studi sui significati di “da”. Studi di Filologia Italiana 21: 265–387.
Stefanowitsch, Anatol & Rohde, Ada
2004The goal bias in the encoding of motion events. In Studies in Linguistic Motivation, Günter Radden & Klaus-Uwe Panther (eds), 249–268. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
1986On the evolutionary paths of locative expressions. Berkeley Linguistics Society 12: 515–527.
2018. Frames of reference in discourse: Spatial descriptions in Bashkir (Turkic)
. Cognitive Linguistics 29:3 ► pp. 495 ff.
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