Edited by Camille Denizot and Olga Spevak
[Studies in Language Companion Series 190] 2017
► pp. 113–135
Chapter 6. Constituent order in directives with stative verbs in Latin
This paper considers constituent ordering in monovalent and bivalent constructions of two Latin stative verbs – sum ‘to be’ and fio ‘to become’ – when they appear in directives, assessing the degree of speaker-addressee interaction. We use Risselada’s classification of the different subtypes of directives based on the extent to which compliance with what the speaker expresses is obligatory. The findings reveal that, given (i) the difference in the number of arguments and in semantic content of monovalent and bivalent structures, and (ii) the incidence of modality (declarative/directive), the order of constituents different in each case. Furthermore, tendencies in constituent patterns are more uniform when expressions are more prototypically directive, although not in a wholly scalar way. Hence, the peculiarities or deviations observed require specific explanations, such as the structure of “world-creation”, the kind of proposal made, or the existence of expressions with different degrees of lexicalization.
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