Chapter published in:Functionalist and Usage-based Approaches to the Study of Language: In honor of Joan L. Bybee
Edited by K. Aaron Smith and Dawn Nordquist
[Studies in Language Companion Series 192] 2018
► pp. 59–87
know and understand in ASL
A usage-based study of grammaticalized topic constructions
Topic constructions in ASL are understood to be composed of information identifiable to the addressee that serves as the reference point from which to view the comment or comments immediately following it. This study compares the instances of use in a corpus of conversational ASL of KNOW and UNDERSTAND as lexical verbs and their grammaticalized form and function when they appear as topic markers, and with know as a discourse marker. Topic phrases introduced by know tend to have a wider domain as an identifiable reference point rather than a specific entity or event within the signer’s and addressee’s shared knowledge. Topic phrases introduced by understand tend to introduce an idea that the signer wishes to set as a reference point.
Published online: 01 March 2018
Baker, Charlotte & Cokely, Dennis
Bybee, Joan L.
Bybee, Joan & Eddington, David
Bybee, Joan, Perkins, Revere & Pagliuca, William
Bybee, Joan & Scheibman, Joanne
Filmore, Charles J.
Hopper, Paul J. & Thompson, Sandra A.
Janzen, Terry & Shaffer, Barbara
Janzen, Terry, Shaffer, Barbara & Wilcox, Sherman
Leeson, Lorraine & Grehan, Carmel
Li, Charles N. & Thompson, Sandra A.
Mauk, Claude E.
Mauk, Claude E. & Tyrone, Martha
Renard, Marc & Delaporte, Yves
Russell, Kevin, Wilkinson, Erin & Janzen, Terry
Shaffer, Barbara & Janzen, Terry
Slobin, Dan I.
Stokoe, William C., Casterline, Dorothy C. & Croneberg, Carl G.
Thompson, Sandra A. & Hopper, Paul J.
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs
Vermeerbergen, Myriam, Leeson, Lorraine & Crasborn, Onno
Wilcox, Phyllis Perrin