Chapter published in:Possession in Languages of Europe and North and Central Asia
Edited by Lars Johanson, Lidia Federica Mazzitelli and Irina Nevskaya
[Studies in Language Companion Series 206] 2019
► pp. 239–266
Possession in Khinalug
The article describes the functions and the usage of the genitive in Khinalug, a Nakh-Dagestanian language spoken in the North-East of Azerbaijan. Khinalug stands out for its tripartite genitive system with two subsystems: (a) a possessee-based subsystem, which distinguishes alienability versus certain types of inalienability according to the degree of bondedness towards the possessee; only animate possessors can take an inalienably marked possessee. (b) a possessor-based subsystem, which distinguishes alienability versus family-relatedness according to the bondedness among the members of the possessor group towards each other: They have to be in a family relationship to justify the use of this genitive. Moreover, independently from animacy, the alienable and the inalienable genitive are governed by a range of postpositions.
Keywords: Khinalug (Nakh-Dagestanian) language, tripartite genitive system, alienable and inalienable genitive
Published online: 05 March 2019
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y.
Kibrik A.E., Kodzasov S.V., Olovjanikova I.P.
Klimov, Georgij A.
Lichtenberk, Frantisek, Vaid, Jyotsna & Chen, Hsin-Chin
Talibov, Bukar Bekirovič
1985 K voprosu ob ograničennnom čisle v lezginskom jazyke (On the question of the limited number in Lezgian). In Kategorija čisla v dagestanskix jazykax (The category of number in the Daghestanian languages) [Sbornik statej], Mikailov K. S. (ed.), 90–92. Maxačkala: Institut Istorii; Jazyka i Literatury im. Cadasa (Dagestanskij Filial AN SSSR).