The Prominence of Tense, Aspect and Mood

| Central Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027230522 (Eur) | EUR 105.00
ISBN 9781556199356 (USA) | USD 158.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027298737 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
 
The book puts forth an exciting hypothesis for the typologist. Its major claim is that languages can generally be regarded as belonging to a tense-prominent, aspect-prominent or mood-prominent language type. This grouping can be based upon the relative prominence that languages attach to one or the other of the three verbal categories, namely tense, aspect and mood, by grammaticalizing the chosen category to a greater degree than others, and by making it more obligatory, more systematic and more pervasive than others. The grouping, however, involves a gradation, as is indeed the case with other typological groupings, with some languages manifesting the relevant characteristic more strikingly than others.
There are several characteristics that can be correlated with the relative prominence that languages attach to verbal categories. For example, tense-prominent languages tend to have mostly active but not stative verbs. They also tend to keep adjectives as a distinct category, or group them with nouns but not with verbs. Verbal forms used for foregrounding generally belong to the most prominent verbal category. These and other similar correlations make this typological classification worth pursuing. The book also contains a descriptive study of the three verbal categories.
[Studies in Language Companion Series, 49]  1999.  xii, 198 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
ix
List of Abbreviations
xi
Chapter 1: Introduction
1
1.1 Universalistic and Differentiating Approaches
1
1.2 Nature of the present study
7
1.3 Organisation of the monograph
8
Part 1: A Descriptive Study
11
Chapter 2: Category of Tense
13
2.1 Introduction
13
2.2 Deictic tense
15
2.3 Non-deictic tense
20
2.4 Distance from the reference point
31
2.5 Use of temporal adverbials
35
Chapter 3: Category of Aspect
43
3.1 Introduction
43
3.2 Perfective and imperfective
45
3.3 Phasal aspects
49
3.4 Quantificational aspects
53
3.5 Situational and viewpoint aspects
58
3.6 Use of aspectual adverbials
60
Chapter 4: Category of Mood
63
4.1 Introduction
63
4.2 Epistemic mood
64
4.3 Deontic Mood
75
4.4 Epistemic moods and interrogatives
79
4.5 Deontic moods and imperatives
82
4.6 Use of modal adverbials
87
Part 2: A Typological Study
89
Chapter 5: Basis of the Typology
91
5.1 Introduction
91
5.2 Basis of tense-aspect-mood variation
93
5.3 Possibility of using alternative categories
94
5.4 Criteria for prominence
95
5.5 Nature of generalizations
97
5.6 Bias in grammars
98
5.7 Need for diachronic considerations
100
5.8 Correctable characteristics
101
Chapter 6: Classification of Languages
103
6.1 Introduction
103
6.2 Tense-prominent languages
103
6.3 Aspect-prominent languages
121
6.4 Mood-prominent languages
130
6.5 Summary
140
Chapter 7: Correlatable Characteristics
141
7.1 Introduction
141
7.2 Effects of decategorization
142
7.3 Ergativity split
145
7.4 Tensedness parameter
149
7.5 Absence of state verbs
152
7.6 Variations in the mode of encoding the categories
155
7.7 Differing points of view
164
7.8 Foregrounding sequential events
179
7.9 Paths of grammaticalization
181
7.10 Conclusion
183
References
185
Index
193
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Subjects

Linguistics

Typology
Syntax
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  99011172