Communicative Organization in Natural Language

The semantic-communicative structure of sentences

| University of Montreal
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027230607 (Eur) | EUR 125.00
ISBN 9781588111012 (USA) | USD 188.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027294838 | EUR 125.00 | USD 188.00
 
The book defines the concept of Semantic-Communicative Structure [= Sem-CommS]-a formal object that is imposed on the starting Semantic Structure [= SemS] of a sentence (under text synthesis) in order to turn the selected meaning into a linguistic message. The Sem-CommS is a system of eight logically independent oppositions: 1. Thematicity (Rheme vs. Theme), 2. Givenness (Given vs. Old), 3. Focalization (Focalized vs. Non-Focalized), 4. Perspective (Foregrounded vs. Backgrounded), 5. Emphasis (Emphasized vs. Non-Emphasized), 6. Presupposedness (Presupposed vs. Non-Presupposed), 7. Unitariness (Unitary vs. Articulated), 8. Locutionality (Communicated vs. Signaled). The values of these oppositions mark particular subnetworks of the starting SemS and thus allow for the distinction between sentences such as (a) A man killed a dog vs. The dog was killed by a man, (b) John washed the window vs. It was John who washed the window or (c) It hurts! vs. Ouch! The proposed Sem-Comm-oppositions are conceived as an attempt at sharpening the well-known notions of Topic ~ Comment, Focus, etc. Possible linguistic strategies for expressing the values of the Sem-Comm-oppositions in different languages are discussed at some length, with linguistic illustrations.
[Studies in Language Companion Series, 57]  2001.  xii, 393 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Introduction: Six Basic Questions Answered
1
I. General Characterization of the Semantic-Communicative Structure of Sentences
15
II. Basic Categories of Semantic-Communicative Structure
93
III. Sem-Comm-Oppositions: Linguistic Comments and Illustrations
273
Bibliography
366
Subject Index
381
Name Index
389
Language Index
391
“Mel'cuk's approach to communicative organization is another important contribution to our thinking about the need for crystal-clear definitions when working with linguistic phenomena and their dimensions of variation. It is rather difficult for a reviewer to find points for negative criticism. To sum up, the book is to be recommended to anyone working in the domain of Information Packaging from any perspective. It will not fail to stimulate both functionalists/typologists and formal linguists to get rid of terminological and notional vagueness when addressing the problem of what is communicated through natural language utterances.”
Cited by

Cited by other publications

No author info given
2014.  In Automatic Text Summarization,  pp. 309 ff. Crossref logo
No author info given
2015.  In Semantics [Studies in Language Companion Series, 168], Crossref logo
No author info given
2016.  In Semantic Structure in English [Studies in Functional and Structural Linguistics, 73], Crossref logo
Beck, David
2008. Ideophones, Adverbs, and Predicate Qualification in Upper Necaxa Totonac. International Journal of American Linguistics 74:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Bouayad-Agha, Nadjet, Gerard Casamayor, Simon Mille & Leo Wanner
2012. Perspective-oriented generation of football match summaries. ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing 9:2  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
da Cunha, Iria, Silvia Fernández, Patricia Velázquez Morales, Jorge Vivaldi, Eric SanJuan & Juan Manuel Torres-Moreno
2007.  In MICAI 2007: Advances in Artificial Intelligence [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 4827],  pp. 872 ff. Crossref logo
Gaatone, David
2017.  In Le français en contextes, Crossref logo
Gargett, Andrew, Simon Mille & John Barnden
2015.  In 2015 Conference on Technologies and Applications of Artificial Intelligence (TAAI),  pp. 336 ff. Crossref logo
Inglis, Douglas
2017. Khamti Shan anti-ergative construction. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 40:2  pp. 133 ff. Crossref logo
Kahane, Sylvain & Igor Mel’čuk
2006. Les sémantèmes de causation en français. Linx :54  pp. 247 ff. Crossref logo
Kenkel, James & Robert Yates
2009. The Interlanguage Grammar of Information Management in L1 and L2 Developing Writing. Written Communication 26:4  pp. 392 ff. Crossref logo
Kozlova, Inna
2014.  Igor A. Mel’čuk. 2012. Semantics: From meaning to text. In the series Studies in language companion series. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Pp. xxi + 436. US $158.00 (hardcover).. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue canadienne de linguistique 59:2  pp. 281 ff. Crossref logo
Mazziotta, Nicolas
2014.  In Dependency Linguistics [Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today, 215],  pp. 141 ff. Crossref logo
Mel’čuk, Igor & Leo Wanner
2007. Syntactic mismatches in machine translation. Machine Translation 20:2  pp. 81 ff. Crossref logo
Milićević, Jasmina & Àngels Catena
2015.  In Modern Computational Models of Semantic Discovery in Natural Language [Advances in Linguistics and Communication Studies, ],  pp. 235 ff. Crossref logo
Ritchie, Sandy F.
2017. Agreement with the internal possessor in Chimane. Studies in Language 41:3  pp. 660 ff. Crossref logo
Sanromán Vilas, Begoña
2017. From the heavy to the light verb. Lingvisticae Investigationes 40:2  pp. 228 ff. Crossref logo
Sun, Weiwei, Yufei Chen, Xiaojun Wan & Meichun Liu
2019. Parsing Chinese Sentences with Grammatical Relations. Computational Linguistics 45:1  pp. 95 ff. Crossref logo
Torterat, Frédéric
2012. Une approche de la diversification discursive chez de jeunes enfants (30-48 mois). Enfance 2012:02  pp. 167 ff. Crossref logo
Tremblay, Antoine & David Beck
2013. Semantic-Communicative Structure and Word Order in Mandarin Chinese. Open Journal of Modern Linguistics 03:01  pp. 79 ff. Crossref logo
Wanner, Leo, Bernd Bohnet, Nadjet Bouayad-Agha, François Lareau & Daniel Nicklaß
2010. MARQUIS: GENERATION OF USER-TAILORED MULTILINGUAL AIR QUALITY BULLETINS. Applied Artificial Intelligence 24:10  pp. 914 ff. Crossref logo
Zhang, Hongxin & Haitao Liu
2013. Igor A. Mel'čuk, Semantics: From meaning to text, vol. I (Studies in Language Companion Series 129). Amsterdam & Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins, 2012. Pp. xvii+436.. Journal of Linguistics 49:3  pp. 710 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 02 may 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2001037857