Exploring the relationship between TBLT and ISLA
The relationship between task-based language teaching (TBLT) and instructed second language acquisition (ISLA) is a close one. Both are concerned primarily with facilitating the development of second language (L2) learners’ linguistic proficiency. This article begins by providing a brief description of both terms. TBLT has been described as an approach to language teaching, comprised primarily of a needs analysis, development of meaning-focused instructional materials, and assessment. The central construct is the task, which provides opportunities for learners to use their own linguistic resources as they engage in meaning-focused interaction. In contrast, ISLA is a research field encompassing multiple approaches to L2 teaching and learning, based on various theoretical perspectives. As such, ISLA includes TBLT, especially as both have a particular interest in the cognitive-interactionist approach to L2 instruction. Differences between the two terms include a focus on explicit instruction in ISLA that is not present in most versions of TBLT. In addition, ISLA does not constitute an all-encompassing curricular approach to L2 instruction. Finally, ISLA has been less focused on needs analyses and assessment in comparison to TBLT. This article ends with a consideration of areas of mutual concern, as well as perspectives from each that might benefit the other.
Keywords: task, cognitive-interactionist approach, focus on form, SLA theory, L2 pedagogy
This article is currently available as a sample article.
Published online: 27 May 2021
Ahmadian, M. J., & Tavakoli, M.
Breen, M. P., & Candlin, C. N.
Bryfonski, L., & McKay, T. H.[ p. 66 ]
Doughty, C., & Pica, T.
Ellis, R., Skehan, P., Li, S., Shintani, N., & Lambert, C.
Gacs, A., Goertler, S., & Spasova, S.
Gass, S. M., & Mackey, A.
Guillén, G., Sawin, T., & Avineri, N.[ p. 67 ]
Gurzynski-Weiss, L. & Baralt, M.
Han, Z., & Nassaji, H.
Housen, A., & Pierrard, M.
Ji, Y., & Pham, T.
Kang, E. Y., Sok, S., & Han, Z. H.
Keck, C., Iberri-Shea, N., Tracy-Ventura, N., & Wa-Mbaleka, S.
Kessler, M., Loewen, S., & Trego, D.
Kobayashi Hillman, K., & Long, M. H.
Lambert, C., & Oliver, R.
Lantolf, J. P., Thorne, S. L., & Poehner, M. E.
Leow, R. P.
Lightbown, P. M.
Loewen, S., & Sato, M.[ p. 68 ]
Long, M. H.
Marsden, E., & Kasprowicz, R.
Norris, J., & Ortega, L.
Reinders, H., & Stockwell, G.
Richards, J. C., & Rodgers, T. S.
Sato, M., & Loewen, S.
Scheffler, P., & Cincała, M.[ p. 69 ]
Skehan, P., & Luo, S.
Spada, N., & Lightbown, P.
Van den Branden, K., Bygate, M., & Norris, J.
VanPatten, B., & Williams, J.
Ziegler, N.[ p. 70 ]